Hyperemesis Gravidarum Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Hyperemesis Gravidarum

Hyperemesis Gravidarum is a condition during pregnancy in which the women face the symptoms like nausea or vomiting and morning sickness. Weight loss and fluid loss is a major problem in Hyperemesis Gravidarum.

Nausea or vomiting is common during 3rd month of pregnancy, so sometimes its difficult to understand if its Hyperemesis Gravidarum. 0.5 to 2 percent women face this rare complication and most of them take is a normal morning sickness during pregnancy. So if you face the symptoms of Hyperemesis Gravidarum then don't take it lightly and consult a doctor.

Hyperemesis Gravidarum Symptoms


  • Nausea or Vomiting (Morning Sickness)
  • Wight Loss
  • Lightheadedness or Fainting
  • Low Blood Pressure / High Pulse Rate

Hyperemesis Gravidarum Causes


A hormone called HCG (Human Chorionic Gonadotropin) is found responsible for Hyperemesis Gravidarum. This hormone is released by placenta and helps in feeding mechanism of the baby during pregnancy. But this hormone is also responsible for nausea and vomiting during pregnancy.

Note: Extreme nausea and vomiting can also happen if you are pregnant with twins or if you have a molar pregnancy.

If you feels that nausea and vomiting is more than normal and you are losing weight then you should consult a doctor. Doctor may do some physical test and some laboratory test to check dehydration. In some cases your doctor may perform some additional tests if there are chances of liver or gastrointestinal problems.

Hyperemesis Gravidarum Treatment


Some home remedies to get relief from Nausea are:

  • Small and Frequent Meals
  • Dry foods such as crackers
  • Drink plenty of fluids
  • Seltzer, Ginger Ale

If the condition is still not controlled the the doctor might recommend you Vitamin B6 , not more than 100md per day, in early pregnancy. Some anti-nausea drug can also be prescribed. In severe cases you might be admitted and fluids are given through an IV.

If Hyperemesis Gravidarum symptoms are treated properly then this condition can be controlled and serious complications are very rare.

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