Tobacco effect on Human Body, Brain and Life

Today tobacco is the greatest killer oh humanity. It kills half of its users. In world over 6 billion people die due to tobacco use every year. Over five billion due to direct smoking and over 600,000 due to indirect smoking. This is an amazing fact that 80% of tobacco consumers live in low or middle income countries. Children of poor householders those are engaged in tobacco farming suffers from “Green Tobacco Disease”. Further tobacco is responsible for one among ten adult deaths. Tobacco caused hundred million deaths in 20th century if current trend continues it will cause one billion deaths in 21 century. Second hand smoke is the smoke which fills restaurant when people burn cigarettes, bidis and water pipes. There are more than 4000 chemicals in tobacco smoke of which at least 250 are known to be harmful and 40 cause cancer. In 2004 the cause of death of 28% children was second hand smoke.

Smoking’s greatest killer is circulatory
or cardiovascular diseases. If you ask people why they smoke, they will say that smoking helps them to cope with stress. They are true Nicotine found in smoke reaches to mind in ten seconds and reduces stress and depression but it does so temporarily. In this way mind carves again and again for nicotine and smoking becomes a habit. Smoking harms nearly every organ of the body. It causes cancer of lungs, pancreas, brain tumor and many other harmful diseases. Again all the forms of tobacco products, smoke less or smoke full are harmful and contains cancer causing chemicals. Smoking is also a type of addiction. Nicotine is a chemical present naturally in tobacco plant and is responsible for this addiction. During the smoking, nicotine enters the lungs and absorbed into bloodstreams quickly, reaches to brain within seconds. Nicotine produces the addiction to cigarettes and tobacco products that is similar to the addiction caused by heroin and cocaine.

People think that Hookahs are less harmful then bidis and cigarettes as the smoke passes through water, but it is also as harmful as any other tobacco product. It contains carbon monoxide and cancer causing chemicals. Water pipes are responsible for lungs throat and larynx cancer. Smoking also causes heart disease, stroke, aortic aneurysm (a balloon-like bulge in an artery in the chest), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (chronic bronchitis and emphysema), asthma, hip fractures, and cataracts. Smokers are at higher risk of developing pneumonia and other airway infections. A pregnant lady smoker is at risk of having her baby born too early and with abnormally low weight. Also a lady smoking after the pregnancy increases the chance of sudden infant death due to second hand smoke. In this way smoking is not only harmful to smoker it is also harmful to non-smoker, by causing similar diseases in them and leading to premature death of children.

There can be both social and personal reasons for smoking. There is great possibility of smoking for a child living in the society of smokers. Many youths take their first puff because their friends are smokers. People also smoke to reduce their stress. Also there is no such tobacco product which is less hazardous than cigarettes and no less amount of tobacco which is safe. So the only way to stop its harm is to quit tobacco. There are many immediate benefits of quitting tobacco. Heart rate, blood pressure which is abnormally high begins to return at normal level. Within a few hours the level of carbon mono oxide begins to decline. Carbon mono oxide reduces the blood’s ability to carry oxygen. Within a few weeks, people who quit have improved circulation, produce less phlegm and don’t cough as often. Within several months of quitting people can expect improvement in lungs function. Also people will have an improved sense of smell and food will taste better.

Quitting smoking reduces the chances of cancer and other smoke generated diseases. People who quit smoking earlier are less likely to suffer from the disease than the people who continue it. Further people who quit before the age of 30 reduce the chances of premature death and 90% percent chances of smoking-related diseases. People who quit at 50 reduces the chances of smoking related diseases 50% and who quit at 60 survive longer than those who still continue. Quitting smoking lowers the risk of cancer. Those who already diagnosed with cancer should also bother to quit as it help the body to heal with therapy. So quitting smoking is always beneficial. So never take another puff if you want to save your life.

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