Diseases of the Nervous System | Symptoms, Precautions and Treatment

Diseases of the Nervous System are the most commonly searched diseases on internet. Nervous system is one of the most important systems of our body. It controls other systems of our body, which makes it one of the most important systems of our body. Our complete body is connected to our brain by nerves which are connected to brain. These nerves act as a medium to pass information from all body parts to brain. So even a minor disease in our nervous system, can cause a major disorder in our body. Here we are discussing some common nervous system diseases. We will also discuss some common precautions to prevent these diseases and their symptoms and treatment.

Basically nervous system diseases are of two types:

  1. Central Nervous System Diseases ( brain and spinal cord )

  2. peripheral nervous system diseases ( all other neural elements)

Some common nervous system diseases:

  • Brain Diseases

  • Spinal Cord Diseases

  • Headache

  • Movement Disorders

  • Low Vision Conditions

  • Paralysis

  • Neuromuscular Diseases

  • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

  • Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease

  • Friedreich's Ataxia

  • Fibromyalgia

  • Meningitis and Meningococcal Infections

  • Multiple Sclerosis : Read More

  • Nervous System Cancers

  • Poliomyelitis

  • Restless Legs Syndrome

  • Spina Bifida

Nervous System Diseases Prevention: Some nervous system diseases are caused by viruses which are unpreventable. But some diseases are causes due to inadequate lifestyle which are preventable. If we follow the following tips then we can avoid most of the nervous system diseases as well as some other diseases also.

  • Physical Exercise on regular basis

  • Living in a hygienic environment

  • Having quality diet (full of nutrients)

  • Living a tension free life

  • Giving some time to meditation

  • Avoiding alcohol and smoking

Brain Health Research | Brain Image Processing | Brain Visual Memory

Brain is one of the most complex structures of our body and scientists are researching continuously to understand its structure and working pattern. Researchers at University of California, Berkeley (UCB) found some interesting facts about brain’s working on images.

Visual Memory covers a large part of brain. 20% of our brain contains images and it store images in a well mannered manner. These images are stored in an overlapping pattern, which help us in face recognition and other day-to-day work. Their research is about the storage pattern of these images and how we can extract that information. All this study might be useful in making fast image processors in future computers. Image processing is a very fast process of brain that no computer can match.

Our brain can store thousands of faces and their names and we rarely forget those faces. Sometimes it take time remember the name but it has 99% accuracy. And this is count of faces only. We also remember places, roads, objects and a lot more things. According to a research our brain can store more than 3 times of information stored in Britannica Encyclopaedia. It’s just an average; some people with higher IQ have much more capability.

A healthy body needs a healthy brain. And researches are going on around the globe to find an answer to complexity of brain and its functions. We should hope that these researches will lead to a more healthy life.

Lupus Rash Symptoms in Men Women and Children | Treatment Drugs and Diet

Lupus is a chronic inflammatory disease in which our immune system starts to harm our own body. Its symptoms are difficult to diagnose and treat. Lupus may start due to some infection, or reaction from some drugs or sunlight.

Lupus Symptoms

No two people suffering from Lupus have the same symptoms. All men, women and children facing this problem might face some of the following symptoms:

  • Joint Pain

  • Swelling and Stiffness

  • Fatigue and Fever

  • Rashes of the shape of a butterfly

  • Dry eye

  • Skin lesions that can get worse with sun exposure

  • Chest Pain

  • During Low temperature Fingers and Toes might turn blue

  • Headache and memory loss

Lupus Treatment

Its treatment is based on the symptoms that you are showing. Doctor might change the dosage time to time depending on the effect of treatment on your body. Sometimes the diet prescribed by the doctor can also help a lot.

Lupus Drugs

Following medication might be prescribed by your doctor according to your symptoms.

  • Antimalarial drugs

  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)

  • Immune suppressants

Lupus Diet and Lifestyle

  • Try to remain away from sun as ultraviolet radiation might trigger Lupus.

  • Eat fruits, vegetables and whole grains.

  • Don’t Smoke.

  • Exercise Regularly

  • Get plenty of sleep

Hemorrhoids Treatment Surgery and Cure | Home Remedy| Home Treatment

Hemorrhoids are a common disease. About half of the adults face this problem once by reaching the age of 50 Years. This disease is also known by its common name “Piles”. It is caused due to inflamed veins in the lower Rectum or Anus. Mostly it can be treated by home remedies and treatment.

Hemorrhoids are of two types:

  • Internal Hemorrhoids: Caused in the veins inside the rectum which is not visible.

  • External Hemorrhoids: Caused around Anus and visible around it.

Hemorrhoids Causes:

  • It can occur due to tight bowel movements

  • Increased pressure on veins in the rectum during pregnancy

  • Sitting for long durations in the toilet

  • Constipation

  • Obesity

  • Anal Intercourse

  • Inheritance

Hemorrhoids Symptoms:

  • Painless Bleeding while passing Stools

  • Itching near Anus

  • Swelling and Lumps around Anus

  • Leakage of Feces

Hemorrhoids Treatment: In case of minimal symptoms your doctor can suggest over-the-counter creams, ointments, suppositories or pads. Don’t use this medication for longer durations as it can cause side effects. If the problem is bit more than doctor can remove the clot by a simple incision.

If the problem still persists then following procedures can be done:

  • Rubber band ligation

  • Sclerotherapy

  • Coagulation

Hemorrhoids Surgery:  If the problem is more severe then doctor might suggest surgery.  There are two types of surgeries:

  • Hemorrhoid Removal

  • Hemorrhoid Stapling

Hemorrhoids Cure:  Prevention is better than Cure, so will suggest you following things to prevent this disease:

  • Eat food that is rich in fiber

  • Drink plenty of water

  • Don’t put too much pressure while passing the stool.

  • Exercise regularly

  • Don’t stand or sit for long periods.

Hemorrhoids Home Remedy |Hemorrhoids Home Treatment:

  • Put your anal area in warm water for 10 minutes thrice daily

  • Keep your Anal Area Clean

  • Use moist or wet toilet-paper

  • Apply ice packs to relieve swelling

  • Take oral pain relievers

Gout Disease Causes Symptoms Diet Treatment and Home Remedy

Gout is a disease mostly caused due to inflammatory arthritis .It cause swelling in joints. Toes are the most affected area in this disease. Another common name of Gout Disease is “Podagra”. It is usually caused due to increasing level of Uric Acid in the blood. It can also cause kidney stones or tophi.

Gout Symptoms:

  • Inflammatory Arthritis

  • Big toe is the most affected area.

  • Knees, wrists, fingers and heels can also be affected.

Gout Causes:

  • Increased level of Uric Acid in the blood.

  • Hyperuricemia (Lower level of Uric Acid is primary cause of Hyperuricemia) can lead to Gout.

  • More use of alcohol, meat, seafood and fructose-sweetened drinks.

  • Genetic Disorders

Gout Treatment:

  • Ice can be used on affected area to reduce the pain.

  • Attacks can be prevented by drugs.

Gout Medicine:

  • NSAIDs (NonSteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs), Steroids and Colchicine.

  • If patient is suffering from frequent attacks then Allopurinol or Probenecid can help.

Gout Home Remedy:

  • Try to maintain your weight.

  • Avoid Alcohol.

  • Drink plenty of fluid.

  • Avoid non-vegetarian diet and seafood.

  • To deal with the pain never use asprin. Asprin can make it worse. You can go for ibuprofen.

  • Take the prescribed medication.

  • Herbal Remedy: These herbs are anti-inflammatory agents that can relieve pain

    • Devil's claw root

    • Gingerroot

    • Meadowsweet leaves and flowertops

    • White Willow bark

Gallbladder Stones Removal Surgery Cost |Diet, Treatment, Home Remedy

Gallbladder Stones, also known as Gallstones in medical terminology, is a condition when some crystals are formed inside Gallbladder. Mostly these stones are formed due to the crystallization of bile components. It can be cured through surgery. Sometimes Gallstones can cause blockage in some ducts which can make life-threatening condition.  

Gallbladder Stones Symptoms:

  • No Symptoms for years

  • Symptoms appear when stone size become more than 8mm.

  • Its first symptom is “gallstone attack” in which the person experience intense pain.

  • Pain is in upper right side of abdomen.

  • Vomiting and Nausea may also occur.

  • Pain in shoulder Blades may also occur.

  • These attacks mostly happen in night.

  • These symptoms are similar to Kidney Stone attack.

Gallbladder Stones Causes:

  • Its risk increases in women before menopause

  • It occurs mostly after age of 40 Years

  • Lack of Melatonin

  • Inherited Body Chemistry

  • Rapid weight loss

  • Constipation

  • Eating Less Meal per day

  • Use of Proton Pump Inhibitors

Gallbladder Stones Treatment:

  • Cholesterol gallstones can be treated by medicines such as Ursodeoxycholic Acid, but it may take years. Gallstones may reoccur if medicine is stopped.

  • Endoscopic Surgery

  • Gallstones can be broken by a procedure called “lithotripsy”, which is a shock wave treatment.

  • Laparoscopic Surgery

  • Open Cholecystectomy

  • In some rare cases Gallbladder needs to be removed.

Home Remedies:

  • Wine and whole-grained bread may decrease the risk

  • "Gallbladder Flush" or "Liver Flush":  A treatment by using pure apple juice, apples (or applesauce), magnesium and lemon juice mixed with olive oil.

Medicine: Cholesterol gallstones can be treated by medicines such as Ursodeoxycholic Acid, but it may take years. Gallstones may reoccur if medicine is stopped.

Herpes Zoster (Shingles) Virus Vaccine Causes Symptoms and Treatment

Herpes Zoster  is also known as Shingles. It is caused due to a virus named “Varicella Zoster Virus (VZV)”. Initial infection of VZV causes Chickenpox. Once chickenpox is over and if virus still remains in the body then it can cause Shingles. Sometimes it occurs several years after chickenpox. VZV remains latent in nerve cell bodies and travel down to nerve axons and cause a viral infection. This infection occurs at a particular area of body which is connected to one spinal nerve. This infection takes 2 to 4 weeks to heal but pain may remain for months. Shingles is less painful in children as compared to elders. If it occours around eyes or ears then sufferer might face loss of vision or hearing.

Herpes Zoster Symptoms:

Early Symptoms:

  • Headache

  • Fever

  • Malaise

Afterwards Symptoms:

  • Burning Pain

  • Itching

  • Oversensitivity(Tingling or Numbness)

  • Painful Rashes

  • Quick Stabs

Herpes Zoster Causes:  Shingles only occur in those people who have earlier fallen prey to Chickenpox. The reason behind the dormant nature of VZV virus and its reactivation is not known.

Herpes Zoster Treatment: Its treatment can only shorten the duration of pain and infection. Antiviral treatment is recommended within 72 hours of appearance of rash.

Herpes Zoster Medicine:

  • Antiviral Medicines ( Valaciclovir and Famciclovir).

  • Topical lidocaine may reduce pain.

  • Shingles Vaccine : Zostavax (It contains weakened chickenpox virus to stimulate our immune system)

Herpes Zoster and AIDS : If a person is suffering from AIDS and already had chickenpox at a young age, then chances of Shingles are very high as his/her immune system will not suppress VZV virus.

Increased Sympathetic Nervous Activity and its Treatment

Sympathetic Nervous Activity:  Sympathetic Nervous System is a part of our Autonomous Nervous System which we can’t control voluntarily. Our Sympathetic Nervous Activity(SNA) is increased when our brain feels that our body is in some sort of danger or stress. It increases our heart rate and blood pressure and reduced digestion. If your SNA is triggered more then you are more prone to heart diseases.

Sympathetic Nervous Activity Symptoms:

  • Sweating

  • Increased heart Rate

  • Increased Blood Pressure

  • Pupil Dilation

  • Increased Kidney Secretion

  • Dizziness

  • Swallowing Problems

  • Shaking

  • Digestive Disorders

  • Vomiting

  • Diarrhoea

  • Impotence

  • Depersonalisation

  • Repetitive Thoughts

  • Restless Legs

  • Nausea

Sympathetic Nervous Activity Causes: SNA is triggered when our body is in some type of danger or stress. Inactive and Obese people are more prone to this disease. If SNA happens for long duration, then it can harm your brain as well, which can cause Hypertension and Mood Swings.

Sympathetic Nervous Activity Treatment: Treatment is unique for each patient. It includes both medication and physical therapy.

Sympathetic Nervous Activity Medicine: Beta blocker medication. (Consult a Doctor before starting Medication)

Migraine Headache, Attack, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment and Medicines

Migraine Headache: It is usually caused due to some brain chemicals and disorder between nervous system and vascular system.

Migraine Attack: It’s the extreme state of Migraine Headache in which nausea and vomiting occurs.

Migraine Symptoms :

Common Symptoms of Migraine Headache are:

  • Pain in Forehead around the eyes.

  • Or Pain in the back of Head

  • Usually pain is on one side of Head but in one-third cases it can happen on both sides.

  • Usually Migraine pain changes side from one attach to another

Common Symptoms of Migraine Attack are due to sympathetic nervous activity which causes :

  • Nausea

  • Vomiting

  • Diarrhea

  • No relief from Oral Medication (because food does not go from Stomach to small intestine and thus medicines are not absorbed by intestine).

  • Cold Hands and Feet (Due to decrease in the speed of blood circulation).

  • Blurred Vision

  • Sensitivity to light and sound

Migraine Causes:

  • Alcohol

  • Chocolate

  • Stress

  • Sleep Disturbances

  • Cigarette Smoking

  • Fasting

Migraine Treatment:  This disease should be diagnosed at an early stage to get better treatment. Apart from that one should follow these things to prevent Migraine Attacks:

  • Fixed Schedule for Sleeping

  • Regular Exercise

  • Avoid fasting

  • Avoid the food that triggers Migraine

  • Avoid bright and flashing light

Migraine Medicine: Triptans, Ergots, Midrin. Always consult a doctor before using these medicines.