Showing posts with label Symptoms. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Symptoms. Show all posts

Swine Flu Symptoms and Treatment

Swine Flu or the so called H1N1 Virus first became a news in 2009 when it was spread in Mexico. The flu virus which usually infects humans is different from the one that infects the pigs. But those who work closely with pigs in the pig farms often get flu from each other, but it remained a local infection and never spread to large populations until the 2009 Mexico outbreak. After that this infection became worldwide people became aware of this kind of flu. As it was an infection commonly found in pigs with the same symptoms of flu, people called it swine flu.

Swine Flu Symptoms in Adults

Swine Flu symptoms resemble to seasonal flu. Following symptoms may occur.

  • Cough
  • Fever
  • Runny or Stuffy nose
  • Headache
  • Sore throat
  • Muscle pain
  • Chills
  • Vomiting or Diarrhoea
Even if any one of these occur then it may be swine flu. Number of symptoms increase with severity.

Swine Flu Symptoms in Kids
Symptoms in Kids is same as seasonal flu. If you feel that kid is getting high fever or being irritating then you must consult a doctor.

How does Swine Flu Spreads ?

This disease can spread through air. If you are near an infected person then you may get the virus through air or through a tiny droplet of sneeze or cough. If a person in infected by this virus then it may take 1 to 4 days to develop the symptoms. An infected person can start spreading the virus 24 hours before appearance of symptoms and continue to do so after 5 to 7 days after the symptoms are developed.

Who is at risk of Swine Flu ?

However Swine Flu can infect person of any age and sex but a few groups are at more risk as the H1N1 virus can do more harm in these groups. These groups are

  • People with weakened immune systems
  • Children below three years of age
  • Adults above 60 years of age
  • Pregnant women
  • People already suffering from heart disease, lung disease, asthma or diabetes

Swine Flu Prevention

Swine Flu prevention can  be done by avoiding exposure to the H1N1 Virus. It can be done by taking following precautionary measures.

  • Avoid touching things at a public place
  • Washing hands more frequently, especially if have been to a public place or touched some things which is accessible to others such as door handles.
  • Avoid touching your face, especially nose and mouth
  • Don't go near a person showing symptoms of flu.
  • Clean your door handles and other touchable items with some disinfectant regularly and H1N1 virus may survive on such surfaces for upto 48 hours. 

Foods that prevent Swine Flu

A good immune system is best to save you from swine flu. So you may eat foods rich in protein, vitamin C and Zinc, which help in building a healthy immune system. Green Vegetables, orange fruits (such as carrots, pumpkins, apricots, and mangoes) and protein rich diet can help you in saving yourself from Swine Flu.

Swine Flu Treatment

Swine Flu treatment is usually same as seasonal flu. But its better to consult a doctor and let him decide which treatment is best for you. Vaccine to prevent you from getting H1N1 infection is also available in market. The groups listed above who are at higher risk of swine flu need special attention of medical practitioners. People with healthy immune system and good resistance power can easily recover from this infection. Apart from antiviral medication and pain relievers doctors may suggest rest and plenty of fluids to save you from dehydration. 

Sore Throat Types Symptoms Treatment and Home Remedies

Sore Throat

Sore Throat is a common name for throat infection. Sore throat can occur due to virus, bacteria, allergy or sinus infection. Sore throat usually comes with cough and mild cold. If this condition continues for more than 4 or 5 days, then you must see a doctor.

Sore Throat Symptoms

  • Pain or sensation of scratch in the throat
  • Pain increases with swallowing or talking.
  • Difficulty in swallowing the food
  • Swollen, red tonsils.
  • Swollen upper neck
  • White colored patches or pus on your tonsils
  • Hoarse voice

Sore Throat Severe Symptoms

If any of the symptoms listed below appears in you then you must see a doctor and get your throat inspected.
  • Sore throat for more than 4 days.
  • Difficulty in opening the mouth
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Earache
  • Fever (over 101°)
  • Joint pain
  • Blood in Saliva or phlegm
  • Frequently recurring sore throat
  • Hoarseness lasting over two weeks
  • Feeling Lump in Neck

Causes and Types of Sore Throat

  • Sore throat due to Viral Infection: Majority of sore throat cases are due to viral infection. The virus is same which causes cold or flu. Some other viral infection that can cause sore throat are mononucleosis, measles, chickenpox or croup.
  • Sore throat due to bacterial infection:  Streptococcus pyogenes bacteria can cause Strep Throat (swelling inside the throat). Diptheria is also a bacterial infection which cause swelling in throat. Whooping cough is another bacterial infection which affects respiratory mucous membrane.
  • Sore throat due to Environmental Factors: Sore throat can also occur due to allergies, exposure to smoke (by passive smoking), dry air or too much talking/yelling.
  • Sore throat due to GERD: GERD is Gastroesophageal reflux disease. It is a digestive disorder in which acids from stomach flows back into esophagus. It can cause sore throat, heartburn and hoarseness of voice.

In very rare cases sore throat is a symptom of HIV or throat cancer.

Sore Throat Treatment and Home Remedies

The treatment of sore throat depends on the cause of Sore Throat. So only a doctor can prescribe the correct medicines depending on his/her diagnosis. Antibiotics are prescribed by doctors if its due to bacterial infection. Don't stop taking the medicine without asking the doctor. If the prescription is of 10 days, and you start feeling better in 5 days, then don't stop your medication, as it will help bacteria in recurring.
However there are some home remedies that you can practice at home to treat sore throat.

  • Add some salt in one glass warm water and do gargling with it. It can help in reducing the swelling inside the throat.
  • Drink warm fluids such as tea or soup. Its warmness will provide some easiness in throat.
  • Avoid going into smoky or dusty environment.

Sore Throat Cures

If you feel that you get affected by sore troat more often, then you should do some lifestyle changes as suggested below.

  • Don't share your drinking glass with others.
  • Don't share your utensils while eating.
  • Don't touch those surfaces which are most often touched by others. For example the door handles of buses and trains, ticket counters and billing counters. Such places are vulnerable to various bacteria.
  • If you feel that you hand has touched such places, then either wash your hands or use a hand sanitizer.
  • Avoid going into dust and smoky environment. Its better to keep distance from smokers.

Endemic Typhus Fever Symptoms and Treatment

Endemic Typhus Fever is usually spread by fleas and it has caused more deaths in human history than all wars put together. Endemic Typhus fever is caused due to two types of bacteria: Rickettsia typhi or Rickettsia felis. Both of these bacteria are normally found in rats. Fleas act as carrier of these bacteria. They carry it from rodents to humans with their bite. Therefore unhygenic places are best playground for Endemic Typhus Fever. Due to this reason this fever is also know as Jail Fever. Another type of typhus known as Epidimic Typhus is spread by body lice and as its name suggests it spreads after wars and natural calamities.

Endemic Typhus Fever Symptoms

Symptoms of Endemic Typhus Fever are visible after 6 to 14 days of Infection. Its symptoms are common to several other diseases, so its hard to diagnose it on the basis of physical symptoms. Some of the symptoms of Endemic Typhus Fever are body aches and pains, headache, chills. A visible rash on chest, back, arms, legs can also appear as a symptom. The rash is the primary point of infection, through where the flea infected your body. For a confirmation it better to get your blood tested for its bacteria. If the test is positive then most probably doctor will advise you to get admitted.
Following test can also help in diagnosing of Endemic Typus Fever:

  • High levels of typhus antibodies
  • Low sodium level
  • Low albumin level
  • Mildly high liver enzymes

Endemic Typhus Fever Treatment

This fever can be treated by appropriate antibiotic therapy. Antibiotics such as Doxycycline, Tetracycline and Chloramphenicol are used for treatment. The doctors can correctly prescribe the correct antibiotic for you. Tetracycline is avoided in children as it can stop the growth of permanent teeth. Sometimes the patient may need oxygen and intravenous fluids. If proper treatment of Endemic Typhus Fever is not done then it is a life threatening condition.

Some Unknown Facts about Endemic Typhus

  • A person who was earlier had Endemic Typhus Fever may again shown mild symptoms of this fever in elderly age (years after first infection). This is called Brill-Zinsser disease. In this disease the bacteria becomes active again.
  • Infected fleas can pass the bacteria to their offspring for next 17 generations.
  • Cat can also get infected by bacteria responsible for Endemic Typhus Fever without showing any symptoms. Fleas from cats can also spread this disease very easily.
  • Rats, opossums and cats can help in spreading this disease. So in case of any outbreak of this disease, its better to stay away from these animals.

Living in hygienic environment is the key to stay away from Endemic Typhus fever.

Celiac Disease Test Diagnosis Treatment & Diet

Celiac Disease Definition

Celiac Disease is a medical condition in which our small intestine become hypersensitive to gluten and causes difficulty in digestion of food. Its a genetic autoimmune disorder where the indigestion of gluten can also cause damage in small intestine.

If this disease remain undiagnosed then it causes long term health complications. 1 in every 100 person is affected by this disease. According to two and one-half million Americans don't even know that they are suffering from this disease. As shown in the image, Celiac disease damages the internal layer of small intestine. It flattens the surface of small intestine and thus the food flows more easily than required for proper digestion. The finger like projections in small intestine are used to absorb nutrients from food. Damage to these structures lead to indigestion and nutrient deficiency.

Celiac Disease Symptoms

  • Depression
  • ADHD-like behavior
  • Chronic fatigue
  • Headaches
  • Bone or Joint Pain
  • Bloating
  • Diarrhea
  • Abdominal Pain
  • Constipation

Long term health risks connected to Celiac disease are

  • Anemia (Iron deficiency)
  • Malfunctioning of Gall bladder
  • Infertility and miscarriage
  • Early onset osteoporosis or osteopenia
  • Lactose intolerance
  • Diseases related to deficiency of Vitamin and minerals
  • Nervous System disorders
  • Pancreatic insufficiency

Celiac Disease is also found connected with other autoimmune disorders such as thyroid disease and Type 1 Diabetes.

Celiac Disease Test Diagnosis

Screening Test: Screening test for Celiac Disease can be done by simple blood test. There are some antibodies in our blood which should be in normal range even after having a gluten diet. Therefore this test is done after having gluten diet (not gluten free diet). If these antibodies rise more than normal in your blood then you need to go through a confirmation test.
Endoscopic Biopsy:  Endoscopic Biopsy of the small intestine is the confirmation test for Celiac Disease, which confirms the damage done by these antibodies in our blood.

Celiac Disease Treatment & Diet

The most effective and primary treatment of Celiac Disease is Gluten Free Diet. In most of the cases the this diet reduces the symptoms gradually. Those suffering from Celiac Disease should strictly avoid wheat, rye and barley in their food. Therefore doctors suggest to stay away from bread and beer. Even eating the bread crumbs can start intestinal damage.
If you are diagnosed positive for Celiac Disease then you should go to your doctor for follow-up on a regular basis.

Gambling Addiction : Symptoms Causes and Treatment

Side Effects

Gambling Addiction (Problem Gambling)

Gambling Addiction is also known by other names such as Problem Gambling, Compulsive Gambling or Gambling Disorder. It is a condition when you can't stop gambling even when you know that its hurting you and your closed ones. Gambling Addiction is not only related to gambling in Casinos, it can be betting on your favorite team, betting in card games with friends, and gambling online (the latest trend). There are some clear symptoms, causes and treatment to this problem. Mood Disorders and depression are clear indications of Gambling Addiction. Here we will discuss some of these things in detail.

Side Effects of Gambling Addiction

Side effects of Gambling Addiction are not like side effects of other diseases which are visible on our body. Side effects of Gambling are visible in our life and our relationships.

  • There is no need to gamble on daily basis to be a gambling addict. Just playing gamble is sufficient to be an addicts, if you are having the symptoms listed below.
  • Even if you can afford the gambling losses, you can still be in Gambling Addiction. Only financial loss is not to be worried about in gambling. The time you lose in gambling can cost a lot in your relationships.
  • Addict Gamblers often blame their friends that they drive them into gambling, but its just a way of not taking responsibility of their own actions.
  • Non-gambler friends often clear the debts of their Addict friend to help them out of the situation. But its not a right thing to do. It will make their addiction worst.

Symptoms of Gambling Addiction

There are some clear symptoms of Gambling Addiction. You can notice these symptoms in any addict gambler.

  • When you hide the facts from your family: If you have started to hide the truth about you gambling from your family, then it means that you are going towards the Addiction circle.
  • When you can't stop yourselves until to lose each dollar you have got: A healthy gambler will stop after losing upto a certain level, he will never spend every penny in his pocket in the hope to win the last game.
  • When you spend money you don't own: Addict Gamblers often play games with credit card money or taking money on interest from some lender. Its the beginning of worst phase of an addict gambler. People suffering from Gambling addiction often think in other way (taking themselves as positive thinker) that they will win and clear all debts very soon. Sometimes some adult gamblers suffering from addiction often spend the inheritance of their grown-up children. Sometime people spend the money for their home loan repayment, theirs kids school fee and the money for their monthly expenditure.
  • Mood Disorders and Depression: These symptoms usually remain unnoticed by an addict, but a closed one can easily notice them.

Causes of Gambling Addiction

Some of the causes of Gambling Addiction seems really foolish to healthy people but it happens.

  • Gambling Addiction starts from Gambling. A non gambler can't be a problem gambler.
  • People often start gambling as a way to kill some time or getting impressed from movies.
  • Sometimes too much positive attitude in gambling gives hope to win in the end.
  • Sometimes people think themselves of as an intelligent being and can't loosing makes them feel as a foolish person, and in the hope to show their intelligence they keep gambling.
  • Some people take win and loose on their ego. Their ego don't let them accept the defeat and they keep playing.
  • Some people find themselves as winner in the beginning and in the hope to win a big game they keep playing.
  • Some people gamble to give some excitement to their lives.
  • Some time the boredom also takes people to gamble.
  • The last but not least, some people gamble to solve their money problems. 

Treatment of Gambling Addiction

There are two types of treatment for Gambling Addiction. First is Personal Treatment and second in Professional Treatment. Professional treatment is meant for those where it can't be cured by personal treatment.

Personal Treatment of Gambling Addiction

  • Have company of family or friends: Isolation can very easily take you back to gambling. So try not to be isolated. Always spend your free time with your some friends or family.
  • Engage yourself: Don't let yourself be free or getting bored. Get engaged in some sports or gym. You may also spend your time in any hobby such as watching movies or reading novels or doing something creative.
  • Visualize yourself Loosing: Even after implementing last two steps if you feel an urge to gamble, then visualize yourself loosing a gamble and how you feel after you have lost everything in your pocket. It will discourage you from going for gamble.
  • Postpone: If you still feel the urge then tell yourself that you will go after sometime, and then keep postponing the gamble and engage in some other task.
  • Reduce Internet Usage: If you are online gambling addict then reducing the internet usage can also help you in keeping yourself away from it.

Professional Treatment of Gambling Addiction

  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT): This therapy specially focuses on gambling addicts by changing their thoughts and false beliefs.
  • The Four Steps Program: Four steps of this program are re-label, reattribute, refocus, and revalue.
  • Group Based Recovery Programs; Such programs have some patients who are going through the same process as you. It helps by sharing thoughts and motivating each other for giving up gambling.
  • Residential Treatment Centers: In such type of treatment you have to live like a hospitalized patient. In such centers you go through various therapies and never get a chance to play a gamble.
  • Luxury Gambling Addiction Facilities: These centers are just like the previous residential treatment centers apart from the fact that they are meant for those who can afford it. Here you get all therapies with the luxury of a good hotel or resort.
  • Executive Gambling Addiction Programs: Its for those who can't afford to live away from their work for weeks or months. Such programs are usually live weekend classes, where therapies are given only on weekends. 
  • Outpatient Gambling Rehab: Its just like OPD in a hospital, where you don't need to get admitted. Here you just need to visit on regular basis for some therapies. Sometimes after attending a residential rehab program you need to attend Outpatient Gambling Rehab for some weeks or months. It helps in monitoring your progress.

Gambling Addiction Helpline and Hotline

  • National Council on Problem Gambling, US: 1-800-522-4700
  • California Council on Problem Gambling: 1-800-Gambler (426-2537)
  • Gambling Helpline New Zealand: 0800 654 655, 8006 for texting
  • Council on Compulsive Gambling of New Jersey (CCGNJ): 800-GAMBLER
  • National Council on Problem Gambling, Singapore: 1-800-666-8668

Hernia: Symptoms, Types, Treatment, Surgery and Prevention

Hernia Overview

Hernia is a medical condition in which an organ pushes itself out of a weekened tissue wall or muscles. Mostly this condition occurs in abdominal region when intestine bulges out of abdominal region. There are various types of Hernia depending on the location of bulge. Sometimes it can be treated by medication, but in adverse conditions surgery is suggested immediately.

Symptoms of Hernia

Hernia usually occurs in two age groups. Before the age of one or after the age of Fifty. It doesn't mean that it can't happen in between. Everybody should have basic knowledge about Hernia and its symptoms. Sometimes kids under the age of one can't tell it if they are having hernia. Its the responsibility of parents to notice the condition and immediately concern the doctor. Most of the symptoms of Hernia are self-diagnosable.
Here are a few symptoms of Hernia:

  • A bulge coming out of body in Abdominal or Groin area. Location of bulge depends on the type of hernia.
  • The pain in bulge may vary from mild to severe.
  • The pain in the bulge increases with time if not treated.
  • Abdominal discomfort and tenderness.
  • Sometimes hernia can cause chest pain and pain with eating.
  • Most commonly hernia occurs on right side of abdomen.
  • Discomfort in coughing and going to toilet.

Causes of Hernia

  • Some previous open appendectomy can cause Hernia.
  • Sometimes its genetic and occur more often in certain families.
  • Smoking is also considered as one of the factors.
  • Hernia occur more often in obese people.
  • Putting stress on abdominal muscles, such as heavy weight lifting can sometimes cause hernia.
  • Constant constipation is also a risk factor for hernia.

Types of Hernia

Following Types of Hernia are based on the location of bulge.

  • Inguinal Hernias: Its most common type of hernia. More than 60% of total cases of hernias are Inguinal Hernias. It occurs more often in men. There is a inguinal canal, where a man's testicles must descend before birth, it leaves a space in the abdominal wall. If this space is not sealed properly naturally, then at some point in life the intestine might try to come towards that space into the inguinal canal. Thats why its called Inguinal Hernia. If inguinal hernia occurs on both sides (both inguinal canal ) then its called bilateral inguinal hernias.
  • Femoral Hernias: This type of hernia is more common in females. There is a space called femoral canal, a space near the femoral vein that carries blood from the leg. During Pregnancy or Childbirth the intestinal sac can drop into this femoral space due to pressure in the abdominal region. Femoral hernia can cause complications during pregnancy hence advised to repair as soon as they are noticed.
  • Ventral Hernias: Also known by other name incisional hernia, occur on a site of previous surgery in the abdominal region. It can occur weeks, months or years after surgery.
  • Umbilical Hernias: It occurs near the bellybutton or navel due to natural weakness from the blood vessels of the umbilical cord. Mostly it occurs before the age of one and resolves by the age of 3 or 4 years. But if it occurs in an adult, then it does not resolves itself and need medical intervention. Excessive coughing, obesity and pregnancy are some of the reasons behind the occurrence of Umbilical Hernias.
  • Epigastric Hernias: This type of hernias are relitively uncommon and occur due to gaps and weakness in muscle tendons in the abdominal wall. Epigastric Hernias occur more in men.
  • Hiatal Hernias: It occurs due to weakness in diaphragm, which is a group of muscle separating chest cavity from abdominal cavity. Its surgery is more complicated than other types of hernias.
Hernias can also be classified in two more ways.
  • Reducible and Nonreducible Hernias: Reducible hernias are those which flattens when the person attains a certain position. Such hernias are not immediate danger to a person's health. While if the hernia doesn't flatten itself and has taken a prominent shape, then it called nonreducuble hernia. Nonreducible hernia often pains a lot and need immediate medical attention.
  • Acquired and Congenital Hernias: Congenital hernia are present from child birth due to weakness of some tissues while Acquired Hernias are caused by our life-style such as smoking, weight lifting, constipation, pregnancy etc.

Treatment of Hernia

Mostly Doctors try to make your hernia condition better through lifestyle changes.

Lifestyle changes treatment of Hernia

  • Eat lesser food at a time / Avoid heavy meals.
  • Don't lie down just after having meal.
  • Reduce Weight if your are overweight or keep your body weight in a healthy range.
  • In case of Hiatal Hernias, stop consuming spicy foods, tomatoes and all such food items that can cause acid reflux or heartburn.
  • Giving up cigarettes can also help in reducing the symptoms of Hernia. 

Treatment of Hernia through medication

Medication for Hernia treatment should be taken only on medical prescription. Some over the counter drugs like antacids, H-2 receptor blockers, and proton pump inhibitors can help in certain conditions.

Surgery to Treat Hernia

Sometimes surgery is suggested to treat hernia if it can't be treated with lifestyle changes. If your hernia is growing larger and causing pain then surgery is the only option to treat it. During surgery the hole in abdominal cavity is sewed with the help of some surgical mesh as a patch to repair the hole. Laparoscopic surgery is also done in some cases which require very short incision and takes lesser time to recover. Normal Surgery of Hernia takes upto 6 weeks to recover while laparoscopic surgery much lesser time to recover. In some cases of Hernia, such as Inguinal Hernia , lapraroscopic surgery is not suggested.

How to prevent Hernia

As somebody said prevention is better than cure, same is with hernia. A healthy lifestyle can help you in preventing the occurrence of hernia. However no prevention is 100% safety, as genetic reasons can't be avoided. But still we suggest following prevention to avoid hernia.
  • Quit Smoking
  • Treat constipation without any delay.
  • Don't be obese. Obesity is a risk factor for Hernia, and being slim can prevent it.
  • Never start Heavy Weight Lifting suddenly. Increase the weight gradually.
  • Don't take any bulge in abdominal area as normal. Proper treatment on time can save you from surgery.

HIV Symptoms in Men and Women | Signs of AIDS

HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is considered as one of the most dangerous virus in the history of diseases in mankind. The infection caused by this virus is called AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome).

AIDS is a STD (Sexually Transmitted Disease) and people often suspect themselves at its risk after an unprotected intercourse. People often try to diagnose it themselves, without going for a test. The best way to diagnose a HIV infection is to get it diagnosed in a lab. But still we will tell HIV symptoms in Men and Women. These are signs of AIDS but not 100%. If you feel that you are feeling some of those symptoms then don't conclude that you are suffering from AIDS. These symptoms also belong to some other diseases. But if you were indulged in some risky behavior in recent past then you may be at risk.

HIV Symptoms are usually same in both Men and Women. Women have a few extra organs compared to men and immune system of women is expanded into these organs, so women feel few extra symptoms related to those organs. Most of the common HIV symptoms of men and women are listed below.

HIV Symptoms in Men and Women

  • Fatigue: HIV infection often makes you getting tired early compared to your previous stamina. Fatigue is caused due to inflammatory response caused by immune system.
  • Acute Retroviral Syndrome (ARS): This is a condition when you experience flu like symptoms. A mild fever of around 102 degree is also noticed.
  • Short term Nausea: 30 to 60% patients in the early stages of HIV infection experience Short- term nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
  • Weight Loss: HIV infection can cause weight loss in a short period of time even if you are having a good diet.
  • Skin Rashes: Rashes on the trunk of body and boil-like pink areas on arms are both early and late symptoms of AIDS.
  • Swollen Lymph Nodes: Lymph Nodes are a part of our body's immune system and Lymph Nodes usually get inflamed when HIV is present in our body.
  • Muscle and Joint Pain: People often take it as a viral infection but sometimes muscle and joint pain is a result of HIV infection.
  • Prolonged Dry Cough: Dry Cough is an early symptom of HIV infection.
  • Confusion and Difficulty in Concentration: This symptom is often taken as a psychiatric problem, but its a sign of HIV- related dementia. Its also accompanied by memory and behavioral problems.
  • Numbness or Tingling sensation: numbness and tingling sensation is also noticed in some cases of HIV AIDS.
  • Menstrual Irregularities: Menstrual irregularities are also noticed by women suffering from HIV Infection.

Note: In the early stages of HIV infection its hard to detect it. Most of the HIV tests depend on the antibodies generated by body to combat HIV infection. But in the early stage of HIV body don't produce any antibodies, hence its hard to be traced as HIV positive.

HIV Virus attacks the immune system of our body and destroys its ability to combat with different types of infections and diseases. Therefore our body become prone to other diseases and its becomes hard to get rid of those diseases with medicines.

Researches are going on to find an answer to HIV virus. We hope that mankind will find an answer to AIDS and millions of lives can be saved.

Flu Symptoms (How it differs from Cold)

Flu is a common health problem in winter. A number of symptoms are related to flu. If you agree with most of them listed here, then you are suffering from flu. Intensity of suffering differs from person to person and the cause of flu.

Some common symptoms of flu are:

  • Fever or feeling feverish/chills.
  • Cough.
  • Sore throat.
  • Runny or stuffy nose
  • Muscle aches or body aches
  • Headaches
  • Tiredness
  • Vomiting and diarrhea(more common in children than adults)

Flu Symptoms vs Cold Symptoms

Some people often get confused between common cold and flu. However some symptoms of cold and flu are same but these two conditions can be differentiated.

We hope that the symptom difference between flu and common cold will be clear by now after understanding the charts given above.

Dengue Fever Symptoms and Treatment

Dengue Fever

Dengue Fever is a severe type of viral fever. It is transmitted by mosquitoes who carry this virus from one person to another. Mostly dengue fever affect those who have a compromised immune system. Children under 10 years of age and weak people are more prone to this disease. Usually dengue fever lasts up to two weeks. Other common names of Dengue Fever are "breakbone" and "dandy fever".

What causes Dengue Fever ?

  • Transmission of fever from one person to another through mosquito bite.
  • Lack of cleanliness and providing good atmosphere for mosquito breeding.
  • Blocked drains and water logs near schools, hospitals and residential areas.
  • Aedes Mosquito which is known by other common names such as tiger mosquito or forest mosquito act as the main carrier of this disease.

Dengue Fever Symptoms

  • Sudden High Fever
  • Joint Pain
  • Muscle Pain
  • Headache
  • Pain behind the Eyes
  • Vomiting
  • Skin Rash (usually appear after 2 to 5 days of infection)
  • Bleeding (Nose bleeding or bleeding gums)

Dengue Fever Treatment

Dengue fever is treated on the basis of treatment of symptoms. There is no accurate medicine or vaccination for this disease. Its necessary to keep this disease from spreading to others.

Dengue Ayurvedic Treatment

How to protect yourselves from Dengue outbreak ?

To protect yourselves from a dengue outbreak your have to follow a few safety measures.

  • Prevent Mosquito Breeding in your locality. Try to clean all blocked drains and water logged on road sides.
  • Protect your kids. Kids are most prone to Dengue as their immune system is weaker than grown up people. In case of a dengue outbreak, don't let them go outside in evening as during that time mosquitoes are most active.
  • Wear full sleeves clothes to prevent mosquito bite.
  • Use some mosquito repellents to prevent the spread of dengue.

Miscellaneous facts about Dengue Fever

There are five different types of Dengue virus. If you have recovered from a dengue fever then you become immune to that particular type of virus. But still can get dengue fever again through remaining four types of dengue virus. Symptoms and severity of symptoms differ from one virus to another.

Enterovirus Symptoms (Adults & Infants) EV-D68

Enterovirus (EV-D68)

Enterovirus (in short EV) is a group a viruses which are responsible for causing nothing more than cold. There are around 100 different viruses that come in this group. Enterovirus cause 10 to 15 million infections every year in US alone. Recently one of these viruses, EV-D68 to be specific, has created a fear among people. Death of a kid was reported and some reports have suspected that its due to Enterovirus D68. That kid slept without any symptoms and died in sleep.

Who is at Risk of Enterovirus EV-D68 ?

Adult, Child or infant, anybody can get infected with Enterovirus EV-D68. But Adults may survive
after the infection as their immune system is more strong. Those who are asthmatic are at risk, as this Enterovirus is reported to cause breathing problem, which may make the condition worse if it combines with Asthama.

Enterovirus Symptoms (EV-D68 Signs)

Most of the symptoms of Enterovirus symptoms are same as a bad cold. To be precise we are listing the symptoms of Enterovirus below.

Simple Enterovirus Symptoms

  • Fever
  • Sneezing
  • Runny nose
  • Cough
  • Body and Muscle Aches

Extreme Enterovirus Infection Symptoms

  • Difficulty in Breathing
  • Muscle Paralysis (in Rare Cases)

How Does Enterovirus EV-D68 Spreads ?

EV-D68 is found in the respiratory secretions of infected person, such as saliva, nasal mucus, or sputum. It can easily spread from person to person if the infected person coughs, sneezes, or touches a surface that is then touched by others.

What to do if you think you are infected with Enterovirus ?

If you or your child / infant shows the symptoms of Enterovirus and having difficulty in breathing then visit your doctor immediately. If you or your child have a history of Asthma then you should hurry up as EV-D68 is more dangerous for asthmatic people.

Preventative Measures from Enterovirus

Enterovirus spreads like the common cold so you should take following preventive measure to protect yourselves and others from this virus.

  • Frequently wash your hands
  • Keep yourselves away from suspects of Enterovirus
  • Cough into a tissue and then dispose it. If you don't have tissue then use your upper sleeve, not your hands.
Most of the cases of enterovirus infection occur in the summer and fall.

Labs is your city can diagnose Enterovirus by taking sample from your throat or nose, but they can't specify if its EV-D68. It can be diagnosed only at CDC or State Health Department.

To know the exact number of cases of Enterovirus EV-D68 outbreak you may visit the following page of CDC.

Congestive Heart Failure Symptoms (CHF Signs)

Congestive Heart Failure

You must have heard the term "Heart Failure" which means that heart is unable to pump as much blood to the body, as the body is demanding. It means more demand and less supply. Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) means that heart is getting more blood into it, than what it can pump. Blood is returning to the heart at a faster rate and its not able to pump it all at that speed, which causes congestion of blood near heart. Due to this reason this condition is called "Congestive Heart Failure" or CHF.

Congestive Heart Failure mostly occurs due to the aging factor when heart muscles gets weakened and
pumping capability of muscles is reduced. But it can also occur in lower age group if you are patient of High Blood Pressure or if you have survived after a heart attack. Sometimes Heart Attack leaves some heart muscles damaged which results in congestive heart failure.

Congestive Heart Failure Symptoms

  • Shortness of breath (even at rest). It may also disturb sleep.
  • Severe fatigue and weakness.
  • Wheezing after limited physical exertion
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Irregular or Rapid Heartbeat
  • Anxiety
  • Irritability, restlessness
  • Mental confusion in some cases

Left Sided CHF Symptoms

  • Dry cough. It indicates Left Sided Heart Failure. Sometimes cough may produce frothy or bloody sputum.

Right Sided CHF Symptoms

  • Frequent urination during the night. Its a symptom of right-sided hear failure.
  • Swelling of the ankles and feet
  • Rapid weight gain due to fluid retention.
  • Swelling in the lower back if the patient is bedridden .
  • Abdominal pain and a feeling of fullness.
  • Swollen neck veins.

Signs of a Heart Attack in Men - Warning Symptoms

Heart Attack is a life threatening medical condition in which immediate medical attention is necessary. Usually our body shows some symptoms before Heart Attack. Some early signs are ignored by us. Most of us think the heart attack occurs just like shown in movies, when suddenly severe chest pain occurs and the person falls on ground. In real life heart attack signs and their severity differs from person to person. We should never take these warning symptoms of Heart attack lightly. Heart Attack symptoms of Men are different from women. This difference of symptoms is due to difference in internal structure of organs.

Signs of Hear Attack in Men

Most Common Symptoms of Hear Attack in Men

  • Chest pain
  • Chest discomfort
  • Chest pressure

Less Common Symptoms of Hear Attack in Men

  • Discomfort or pain in arms, neck, jaw, back, or stomach
  • Abdominal Discomfort
  • Shortness of breath
  • Lightheadedness
  • Sweating

Heart Attack Risk Calculator

Age: Years
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Note: Usually men feel more chest pain during heart attack. Diabetic people can have heart attack without feeling chest pain.

Heart Attack symptoms can appear and disappear after few minutes. So don't take these waning symptoms lightly. These symptoms can appear again in much severe condition. Always remember that heart attach signs of two different people are not always same.

Don't wait! report in Immediately

Once you feel that the symptoms you are feeling resemble to a heart attack, don't wait any more. Call 911 or local ambulance service to get you to the hospital. Most people wait for hours before taking these steps. It can be a life threatening condition. As soon as you reach hospital doctors will give you clot dissolving medicines and damage to the heart muscles will be minimal. Else the damage will be severe and some of your heart muscles will be permanently damaged.

Sodium Deficiency Diseases Symptoms Causes and Treatment

Sodium Deficiency is a rare problem that can occur in old age people. There may be several reasons behind this Sodium Deficiency which we we discuss later, but it can result into some serious consequences like altered personality, lethargy, confusion, seizures, coma and even death. Coma and Death are result of very high Sodium Deficiency. It should be taken care of when you notice the symptoms like Altered Personality and Confusion.

Why does Sodium Deficiency Occur ?

In most of the cases sodium deficiency occurs in old age people, especially those who are on some sort of medication. Sometimes patients of high blood pressure don't take the minimum required amount of salt, which is main source of Sodium in our body. It results in deficiency of sodium in our body.
Sometimes some medications which are used to purify the blood, filters out the sodium in blood through urine. It can also result into Sodium deficiency.

What are Symptoms of Sodium Deficiency ?

  • Altered Personality
  • Lethargy (Feeling of Tiredness)
  • Gastrointestinal Distress (Decreased Appetite, Nausea and Vomiting)
  • Confusion
  • Seizures
  • Coma
  • Death
Coma and death are result of extreme cases of Sodium Deficiency. Age also plays an important role in severity of symptoms. Old age people will have more adverse condition then a younger person with same level of sodium deficiency.

Sodium Deficiency Treatment

If the condition is not much adverse then doctors might suggest you to take good amount of salt in your diet, as salt is the main source of Sodium in our diet. If the patient is not able to take salt in diet then he/she may take capsules of salt (it will remove the feeling of Salt on tongue, as the capsule will dissolve in stomach).

In some extreme case doctors might suggest the patient to take saline through blood. Its directly induced into blood stream just like glucose. Its an easier way to increase Sodium level at a faster rate.

Facts about Sodium in our body

  • Normal blood sodium levels fall between 135 and 145 mEq/L
  • Sodium deficiency is known as Hyponatremia
  • Overhydration, burns, diarrhea and vomiting may cause sodium levels to drop
  • Low sodium level causes expanding of tissue cells. Our brain can't handle this increase of size of cells and create abnormalities in body which results in various symptoms.

Herpes Encephalitis Symptoms and Treatment

What is Herpes Encephalitis ?

Herpes Encephalitis is condition in which brain inflammation occurs and fever blisters occur. Its caused due to Herpes Simplex Type One Virus. Although its not a life threatening disease but it can become one if not treated early. Usually its symptoms are common to flu but it gradually increases if not treated properly. Our immune system also plays a major role in its treatment. Most of the people fully recover from this disease.

Some other names of Herpes Encephalitis are:
  • HSE (Herpes Simplex Encephalitis)
  • Herpetic Brainstem Encephalitis
  • Herpetic Meningoencephalitis

Herpes Encephalitis Symptoms

Early Symptoms of Herpes Encephalitis

In the beginning Herpes Encephalitis almost looks like flu. Mostly the virus responsible for Herpes Encephalitis enters our body through nose. Its symptoms include:

  • Sore Throat
  • Headache
  • Runny Nose
  • Vomiting

Symptoms of Severe Herpes Encephalitis

However early symptoms looks like Flu, but its virus may get into our brain and cause some severe symptoms like:

  • Paralysis
  • Hallucinations
  • Personality Swings

It can even lead to death if not diagnosed and treated at correct stage.

Herpes Encephalitis Treatment

Treatment of Herpes Encephalitis include long term antiviral treatment. Its treatment should be taken with proper consultation of Doctor. If treated properly then you can fully recover from Herpes Encephalitis. If Herpes Encephalitis is diagnosed at an early stage the you can get treatment at home, but in severe cases you might need to get admitted in a hospital.

Slipped Disc in neck Symptoms, Exercises and Recovery Time

Slipped Disc is one of the major causes of continuous pain in neck. In medical terminology Slipped Disk in Neck is known as Cervical Disc Prolapse. In the following article we will explain what is Slipped Disc in Neck, what are its symptoms and how much time does it take to recover.

Slipped Disc in Neck

Discs in our spinal cord are the cushions between the bones which helps in bending forward and backward. These discs also absorb the shock to secure our spinal cord. When these discs are reduced in size or misplaced from their actual position due to continuous pressure or improper posture then it is called slipped disc. Slipped Disc in neck most affects those people who do long sitting jobs, especially those who work on computers or laptops. Don't get frightened if you use one.

The image on left side shows what happens to the spinal disc (blue colored discs are normal while red colored disc is slipped disc). Its just an illustration, not the actual color of discs.

Slipped Disc in Neck Symptoms

  • Sudden or gradually increasing neck pain
  • Stiffness in Neck
  • Severe Pain that radiates towards Arm, Forearm and fingers.
  • Sometimes some particular neck movement makes the pain worst.
  • Numbness, Tingling or Weakness in Arm and forearm.

Slipped Disc in Neck Exercises

There are some simple exercises that you can do at home to get relief from slipped disc in neck. Some of them are mentioned below.

  • Sit straight and turn your head towards left. Put some pressure on your chin by using your left hand to turn it a little more. Hold it for twenty seconds and then repeat it on right side. Do it for 5 to 10 minutes.
  • Sit straight and bend your head on left side, till your ear touches your shoulder. Use some pressure on your temple by using your left hand to bend it a little more. Hold for 20 seconds and then repeat it on right side.Do it for 5 to 10 minutes.
  • Sit Straight and bend you neck straight so that your chin touches your chest. Hold for 20 seconds and then come back to relaxing position. do it for 5 to 10 Minutes.

If you feel pain discomfort or pain in any of these exercises then don't do that particular step.

If you are an Athlete and suffering from Slipped Disc in Neck then there following three exercises for you:

1). Wall Stretches

Stand near a wall and put you arms and shoulders against the wall and push your hips towards the wall till you are comfortable. If you feel some pain the pause little bit before it to be comfortable. Wait for few seconds and then return to normal position. Repeat it 10 times. 

2). Medicine Ball Bounces

It makes spine flexible and warm up the muscles. You have to sit on the Medicine Ball and then bounce up and down at a moderate rate. Don't go too fast as it may increase the pain. If you don't have a medicine ball then you may do it on the side of a bed with some support. Bouncing for 5 minutes is sufficient.

3). Trampoline March

Stand in the middle of the Trampoline and start spot point running  at a slow speed. Don't go fast, as it may harm. Do it for 10 Min.

These exercises heal slipped disc in neck at a quicker rate.

Slipped Disc in Neck Recovery Time

Usually it takes 5 to 10 days for a slipped disc in neck to recover. If you are doing the exercises mentioned above then you may recover early. Apart from these exercises don't put any pressure on your neck. Always use a support for your neck while working. Also make sure that you don't carry much weight during these days. But if you think that your condition is not improving or becoming worse with time then consult a doctor.

Pus on Tonsils : Tonsillitis Causes and Treatment

Pus on Tonsils

Pus on Tonsils is a common symptom of Tonsillitis. Its a common disease in children (3 to 12 year old). Tonsils are present in the back portion of our mouth, from where we swallow food and water. Pus on tonsils or swelling of tonsils can cause problems in swallowing food or breathing. It may also cause constant fever. The color of pus on tonsils may be yellow or white. Tonsillitis can occur due to some kind of bacterial or viral infections.


Usually tonsils help our body fight infections but sometimes they themselves get infected by some viral or
bacterial infection. Bacterial infection can be treated using antibiotics but viral infection is treated by body itself in 4 to 5 days. Symptoms of Tonsillitis may differ from person to person.

Some common symptoms of Tonsillitis are:

  • Sore Throat
  • Reddishness on tonsils or Back side of throat
  • Pus deposition on tonsils (White or Yellow)
  • Fever
  • Vomiting
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Difficulty in Breathing

Common Symptoms of Tonsillitis in Children

  • Bad breathing or snoring while sleeping
  • Pain in Abdomen
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Lack of Appetite

Treatment of Tonsillitis

If you feel that you are facing some sort of problem with your tonsils, then visit doctor for proper medication. Doctor might ask you to get some tests done to know if its cause due to bacterial infection or viral infection. Bacterial infection can be treated using some antibiotics but medicines have no effect on viral infection and its treated by our immune system itself. Usually it takes 4 to 5 days to treat tonsillitis. In some rare cases doctor might ask you to get your tonsils removed. But if you notice the problem on time and do proper treatment as per the advice of doctor then you might not need it. You can take the following precautionary measures to treat tonsils in earliest possible time.

  • Gargle with warm water at least three times a day
  • Drink Warm water
  • Eat some thing smooth with less or no spices.
  • You may take pain killers if you are feeling pain.
  • Get rest if you are feeling tired

Diabetes Insipidus Symptoms, Treatment, Home Remedies

Diabetes Insipidus (DI)

Diabetes Insipidus is different from Diabetes Mellitus. Diabetes Insipidus is not related to sugar level in your blood. Its related to functioning of your kidney. Diabetes Insipidus is a condition which causes frequent urination. Its just like you are drinking water and its coming out as urine. In Diabetes Insipidus urine is very diluted (almost water). Therefore the patient feels a lot of thirst. Sometimes it even disturbs the sleep as the sufferer need to get up for urination. In worst conditions it may cause bedwetting. Bedwetting is mostly caused by kids as they have less control over their urinary muscles.
Diabetes Insipidus is not a life threatening disease. So if your doctor diagnosed you about this disease than don't be in any tension.

Diabetes Insipidus is of four Types :
  1. Central Diabetes Insipidus: It occurs due to lack of anti-diuretic hormone (ADH). It may be caused by some abnormality in the pituitary gland or hypothalamus.
  2. Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus: When Kidneys don't respond or respond improperly to anti-diuretic hormone (ADH) then it can cause Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus.
  3. Gestational Diabetes Insipidus: This type of DI occurs during pregnancy. An enzyme made by the placenta destroys ADH in mother which results in Gestational Diabetes Insipidus. 
  4. Primary Polydipsia: This condition is also known as dipsogenic diabetes insipidus or psychogenic polydipsia. Its not caused due to ADH production. It occurs due due to excessive fluid intake. This situation arises to either some mental illness or due to some dame in thirst-regulating mechanism.

Diabetes Insipidus Symptoms

Diabetes Insipidus Symptoms in Adults:

  • Extreme thirst
  • Frequent and Diluted Urine.

Diabetes Insipidus Symptoms in Kids / Children:

  • Unusually Wet Diapers
  • Fever
  • Inconsolable Crying
  • Vomiting or Diarrhea
  • Weight loss
  • Dry Skin due to Dehydration 
  • Delayed growth

Diabetes Insipidus Treatment

There are different treatments for different types of Diabetes Insipidus. These different treatment are described below.
  • Central Diabetes Insipidus Treatment: A synthetic hormone called desmopressin is used to treat Central Diabetes Insipidus . Its available as a nasal spray, oral tablets and injection. 
  • Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus Treatment:  Low-salt diet can help in this condition as it reduces the amount of urine that your kidneys make. Hydrochlorothiazide is usually prescribed in this condition.
  • Gestational diabetes insipidus Treatment:  Its also treated with synthetic hormone desmopressin.
  • Primary Polydipsia Treatment:  There is no particular treatment for Primary Polydipsia. Best treatment for this form of diabetes insipidus is decreasing fluid intake.

Diabetes Insipidus Home Remedies

Diabetes Insipidus can be treated at home only during early stages. You can cure it by taking sufficient amount of water. But if you feel that your condition is severe then you must consult a doctor as soon as possible.

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Cyclospora Infection Symptoms and Treatment

Cyclospora Infection

Cyclospora Infection occurs due to contaminated food or water. Its different from food poisoning as there are no immediate symptoms. Cyclospora Infection symptoms start to appear after 2 days of infection. In some cases it may last within few days, but if it continues for more than a week then you should must see a doctor. Parasites responsible for Cyclospora need a host to travel from one person to another. That medium may be contaminated food or water. It doesn't spread through air. So a little precaution while taking food with your friends or colleagues, and eating fresh food can prevent you from getting this parasite.

Cyclospora Infection Symptoms

Cyclospora Infection symptoms may take a few days to appear. In some people it may take even a week.
Some common symptoms of Cyclospora Infection include:
  • Loss of appetite
  • Watery diarrhea
  • explosive bowel movements
  • Weight Loss
  • Stomach Cramps
  • Vomiting
  • Low Fever
  • Fatigue

Cyclospora Infection Treatment

Before starting the treatment of Cyclospora Infection, you can can confirm it through a stool test. A person with healthy immune system will not need any medicines for treatment of Cyclospora Infection. Before taking a medicine you should must consult your doctor. Usually doctors prefer the following medication:
  • Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, available by the trade names Bactrim or Septra. 
  • If you have sulfa allergies, then doctor may recommend Cipro or Alinia.

Possible Prevention for Cyclospora Infection

  • Wash Fruits and Vegetables before cooking or eating them.
  • You may use a washing mix of  Vinegar and Water.
  • Avoid packed food, especially packed salad.

Heat Stroke Symptoms in Babies / Toddlers / Infants / Children

Heat Stroke is a serious medical problem, which is life threatening in babies and infants. In medical terms Heat Stroke is known as Hyperthermia. Hyperthermia is exactly opposite of Hypothermia. If you are a keen watcher of Discovery channel then you must be aware of Hypothermia. Hypothermia occurs due to intense cooling of body, while Hyperthermia occurs due to overheating of body.

Heat Stroke can occur if you are exposed to sunlight during summer or some other intense heated environment. It affects infants and babies more often than adult beings because temperature regulatory mechanism of babies is not as much efficient as adults. Heat Stroke starts when body is overheated and temperature regulatory system shut-down due to overheating of body. When body temperature rises over 104 F, several metabolic activities starts to shutdown, and temperature regulatory system is one of them.
Babies can't express their feelings and symptoms when they face Heat Stroke, so parents need to be extremely careful during summer. They should be kept away from direct sun-light during daytime. It can also start after continuous high temperature for few days or a sun burn. Primary indication of Heatstroke includes high temperature of body and no sweating. In this article will discuss some common symptoms of Heat Stroke.

Heat Stroke Symptoms in Babies / Toddlers / Infants / Children

Early Symptoms of Heat Stroke:
  • Young child may start showing signs of crankiness or fussiness.
  • Prickly Heat: A red cluster of pimples around the neck or upper chest.
  • Heat cramps on arms or legs.
  • Repetitive Behaviour: Repeatedly standing and sitting.

Serious Symptoms of Heat Stroke:
  • High Pulse Rate
  • Intense Thirst
  • Headache
  • Deep Yellow/ Orange Urine
  • Dizziness / Fainting
  • Pale colour skin
  • Vomiting
  • Temperature above 103 F (39.4 C) but no sweating
  • Restlessness
  • Confusion
  • Dizziness
  • Rapid, shallow breathing
  • Lethargy
  • Unconsciousness
Never leave your children inside a parked car, as it get heated up much faster. It is one of the most severe reasons of heatstroke. 

Tension Headache Symptoms Causes Relief and Treatment

Tension is not a problem in itself but it creates a lot of problem for our body. It’s a part of basic nature of a person. Some people get tense very easily while some don’t. Sometimes over sensitivity or hypersensitivity creates a problem for ourselves. Being sensitive is a good thing, but we should also have some control over our feelings.

Tension Headache

A number of people get headache due to tension. It is becoming a major problem in the modern lifestyle. Our brain is the most affected area during tension. Sometimes it is due to high blood pressure and sometimes due to stress. But both of them make negative impact and starts headache.

Tension Headache symptoms

  • Pain in head, mostly in the front part.

  • Feeling tightness in the forehead.

  • Loss of Appetite

Tension Headache Causes

Sometimes it’s some professional problem or some serious matter in the family and a lot of more things that can create tension, which leads to headache. But if we talk about medical science, it says that pain of tension headache is caused due to muscle contraction in the face, neck and scalp. However heightened emotions, tension or stress can also cause headache.

Tension Headache Relief and Treatment

  • Live an organized and planned life and don’t overreact to adverse situations.

  • If you are feeling stress and tension then just loosen your body and try to settle your emotions.

  • Share your feelings with someone. He/she might be a doctor, friend or relative.

  • Take deep breathes during stress and do yoga meditation on a regular basis.

  • Use some relaxation techniques like listening to music or reading books.

  • If still you need something more then you can try some medicines after consulting a doctor. Depending on the severity of headache doctor might suggest you aspirin, ibuprofen or naproxen.