Diabetes Insipidus Symptoms, Treatment, Home Remedies

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Diabetes Insipidus (DI)

Diabetes Insipidus is different from Diabetes Mellitus. Diabetes Insipidus is not related to sugar level in your blood. Its related to functioning of your kidney. Diabetes Insipidus is a condition which causes frequent urination. Its just like you are drinking water and its coming out as urine. In Diabetes Insipidus urine is very diluted (almost water). Therefore the patient feels a lot of thirst. Sometimes it even disturbs the sleep as the sufferer need to get up for urination. In worst conditions it may cause bedwetting. Bedwetting is mostly caused by kids as they have less control over their urinary muscles.
Diabetes Insipidus is not a life threatening disease. So if your doctor diagnosed you about this disease than don't be in any tension.

Diabetes Insipidus is of four Types :
  1. Central Diabetes Insipidus: It occurs due to lack of anti-diuretic hormone (ADH). It may be caused by some abnormality in the pituitary gland or hypothalamus.
  2. Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus: When Kidneys don't respond or respond improperly to anti-diuretic hormone (ADH) then it can cause Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus.
  3. Gestational Diabetes Insipidus: This type of DI occurs during pregnancy. An enzyme made by the placenta destroys ADH in mother which results in Gestational Diabetes Insipidus. 
  4. Primary Polydipsia: This condition is also known as dipsogenic diabetes insipidus or psychogenic polydipsia. Its not caused due to ADH production. It occurs due due to excessive fluid intake. This situation arises to either some mental illness or due to some dame in thirst-regulating mechanism.

Diabetes Insipidus Symptoms

Diabetes Insipidus Symptoms in Adults:

  • Extreme thirst
  • Frequent and Diluted Urine.

Diabetes Insipidus Symptoms in Kids / Children:

  • Unusually Wet Diapers
  • Fever
  • Inconsolable Crying
  • Vomiting or Diarrhea
  • Weight loss
  • Dry Skin due to Dehydration 
  • Delayed growth

Diabetes Insipidus Treatment

There are different treatments for different types of Diabetes Insipidus. These different treatment are described below.
  • Central Diabetes Insipidus Treatment: A synthetic hormone called desmopressin is used to treat Central Diabetes Insipidus . Its available as a nasal spray, oral tablets and injection. 
  • Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus Treatment:  Low-salt diet can help in this condition as it reduces the amount of urine that your kidneys make. Hydrochlorothiazide is usually prescribed in this condition.
  • Gestational diabetes insipidus Treatment:  Its also treated with synthetic hormone desmopressin.
  • Primary Polydipsia Treatment:  There is no particular treatment for Primary Polydipsia. Best treatment for this form of diabetes insipidus is decreasing fluid intake.

Diabetes Insipidus Home Remedies

Diabetes Insipidus can be treated at home only during early stages. You can cure it by taking sufficient amount of water. But if you feel that your condition is severe then you must consult a doctor as soon as possible.

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1 comment

  1. Desmopressin is used to control increased thirst and urination caused by diabetes insipidus, head surgery, and certain kinds of head injury.


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