Showing posts with label Heart Health. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Heart Health. Show all posts

New High Blood Pressure Guidelines | Stages of Hypertension

New High Blood Pressure Guidelines

In year 2003 the definition of High Blood pressure was set as above 140/90 mmHg. But in some cases it was found that even the readings lower than that can be harmful if they retain for long durations. So after a wait of 14 years the American Heart Association changed the definition of High Blood Pressure in 2017. Now anything above 130/80 will be considered as high blood pressure.

New Stages of Hypertension / High BP

  • Normal: Less than 120/80 mm Hg.
  • Elevated: Systolic between 120-129 and Diastolic less than 80.
  • Stage 1: Systolic between 130-139 or diastolic between 80-89.
  • Stage 2: Systolic between 140 - 179 or diastolic at least 90 - 119 mm Hg.
  • Hypertensive crisis: Systolic above 180 and/or diastolic over 120.
Earlier Elevated and Stage 1 were known as a single stage "Prehypertension".

Prehypertension is Eliminated

Earlier the readings between 120/80 to 140/90 were considered as prehypertension, which means that the chances of being a high BP patient are present there. But the truth was that people never notice this stage. Most of the times people come to know about that only when they have jumped from prehypertension to High BP. However doctors suggest even a healthy person to get his/her blood pressure checked at regular intervals (weekly or monthly), but people ignore it. So this category of prehypertension was not acting as anything. Experts believed that eliminating this category, will be beneficial for both patient and society.

13% instant increase in number of patients

However these changed definitions will bring 13% more individuals into the "high plood pressure" community. Most of the new patients due to this change in categorization are among the age group of 25 to 45. Earlier people use to neglect the 130/80 mark , as they used to take it normal. But the changed definition will tick an alarm to get it treated. Earlier one-third population of US was considered as patient of Hypertension, but now this percentage has increased to 46% by a mere change in definition. This is sufficient to tell you about the seriousness of these new guidelines.

Not to increase medicine sale

However some of you might have a notion that it will increase the anti-hypertension medicine sale. But the truth is that the new comers in this category will be advised to make lifestyle changes to lower their blood pressure and save themselves from being a permanent patient of Hypertension. So these changes in definition might be beneficial for general population in long run and it will decrease the usage of blood pressure medication with a few years.

If people start taking their medical condition seriously then it will not only benefit their own health but their medical expenditure will also be saved in future. It can be beneficial for both, the individual and the nation. Heart Diseases are one of the major killers in US. This changed categorization of blood pressure will make people understand the seriousness of connection between hypertension and heart diseases.

Record for Highest Blood Pressure

Sometimes some blood pressure machines show such high readings which are not meant to believe. People often recheck their BP again on the same machine to verify it. But the best way is to get it checked on some other machine or get it checked at a medical clinic. Sometimes the BP Machines at home show incorrect readings either due to fault in equipment or incorrect measuring technique. We all know that blood pressure rises whenever we do some physical work. But there is always a limit, up to which your blood pressure will rise. Have you ever wondered about the the highest ever recorded blood pressure of a man or woman.

If you are going to find the record for highest blood pressure then it can be put into two categories.

  • While the subject is in resting position for sometime.
  • While the subject is doing extreme physical work.

Usually the blood pressure is measured in resting position except when you are going through cardio. If you measure the BP of a healthy man, who is running on a treadmill then the readings will be much higher. Usually the upper reading (systolic blood pressure) is affected by exercise. Diastolic BP is usually not affected as it is the pressure on arterial walls when heart is not beating. During exercise systolic BP readings may increase from 120 mmHg to 200 mmHg, and still it is considered normal. Holding your breath during heavy lifting (which is often done by heavy weight lifters) may increase your blood pressure to dangerous levels of 480/350, which can sometimes be life threatening. Regular exercise and endurance training can decrease your resting blood pressure and it may remain lower than normal in daily life.

Maximum Heart Rate (MHR)
MHR = 220 - Age
It means that a 35 year old person can achieve a heart rate of 185 (220-35) while exercising. It is recommended that you should stay between 55% to 85% of your MHR to get best from your exercises. Targeting for your 100% MHR can result is too high blood pressure, which might be risky.

Record for Highest ever Blood Pressure recorded

Resting blood pressure rises only during medical conditions. Rising of diastolic blood pressure is considered more harmful than systolic. Blood pressure level of 180/110 while resting is considered dangerous and medical attention is necessary in such condition. While searching for a record of highest ever blood pressure recorded, we found nothing like that as it is nothing to be proud of. Instead it is a serious medical condition which should be treated as soon as possible with proper medical care. We came across a number of comments on different websites where users told that their BP rose to readings like 234/136. Record levels of blood pressure are often found in patients of stroke and heart attack.
If you ever found any high blood pressure readings, then you may write about it in the comments section below.

How Does Cold Weather affect your Blood Pressure and Heart

There was always a relation between heart diseases and cold weather. Older people often complained about high blood pressure and heart related problems during cold weather. Now new researches have found the reason behind connection between winters and hear diseases. Lower temperature not only chills our body but also make some internal changes in our body, which can be easily overcome by a young healthy adult, but an overweight or older person will find difficulty in coping with that. You will understand the factors responsible for that by the time you reach end of this article.

Effect of cold weather on Blood Pressure

  • Lower temperature narrows the blood vessels and thus blood pressure in increased. It can slightly increase the blood pressure even in healthy human being. 
  • Rise is blood pressure during winters is more common in people above 60. Old age people are more prone to this increase in blood pressure because the elasticity of their blood vessels is very reduced compared to a young person. Narrowing blood vessels during winters and the lower elasticity due to old age results in more increased blood pressure. It puts extra work load on heart.
  • Weight Gain is also common in winters due to reduced physical activity, which can also increase the blood pressure. Not only older people but even young don't want to go outside or doing some physical activity during winters. But our diet is usually increased in winters, which results in increased weight. Increased weight means more body fat, which can also give rise to blood pressure.
  • Those who are already a patient of hypertension, winter brings a more add-on to their blood pressure. So they need to take extra care of their diet and physical activity.
  • Diseases like heart attack and stroke are directly related to blood pressure and heart health. Cases of heart attack and stroke suddenly increase during end of winters. It is because their hearts and blood vessels has taken enough load during winters due to continuous high blood pressure and body weight has also increased during that time.

Precautions necessary to save yourself
To save yourself from the above mentioned negative impacts of cold weather on your blood pressure and heart, you must take some precautionary measures. These measures are must if you are above 60.

  • Wear warm clothes as per the intensity of cold. Proper warmth can save your blood vessels from narrowing.
  • Keep your physical activity  to an optimum level. Heavy weight lifting is also not recommended during extreme winters. Completely abstaining from any regular exercise will also result in increased weight.
  • Balanced diet is also necessary. Keep in mind that your body needs extra food to keep itself warm during winters, but your activity level is also reduced which mean that you will lesser amount of food. So keep these points in mind and decide right amount of food to give you sufficient energy and not letting you increase your weight.

Heart related Death during Christmas and New Year Holiday

If you look at the death rate all around the year, you will find that more people die during Christmas and New Year holiday season than any other day. Death rate spike suddenly during the holiday season. Heart Attacks and occurrence of other heart related diseases is sharply increased during this time. Is there any certain reason behind it, or does it just happen naturally. Here we are going to pull the curtain from this must know information. If you read it carefully then you may save your life or any of your close one.

Why Heart Related Deaths increase in Holiday Season ?

  • During holiday season people usually don't care about what they are eating. They just take food as another mode of entertainment during holidays and give themselves false excuses to eat some fatty food. Sometimes it can cost very badly, especially if you are already not in a good shape/health and asked by doctor to avoid some unhealthy food items.
  • Unhealthy attitude towards our own body increases during holiday season. People smoke and drink more during these days as they have off from work. They don't exercise regularly as their main motive is to celebrate the holidays. Combination of these things increase their chances of getting sick. This unhealthy attitude increase weight and takes more salt into the body, which can easily be a burden for a weaker heart.
  • Those are already a heart patient should avoid physical exertion, anger and stress during these days, but most often they don't take care of these factors seriously due to gatherings of family and friends.
  • Winter can double the pain. During this time of the year our metabolism remain slow due to coldness in environment and our immune system can't help us as much as it can during summer.
  • Cold weather in holiday season is usually hard for heart patients. Cold weather constricts the blood vessels and increase the blood pressure. This condition increases the chances of heart attack.
  • Another reason behind more deaths during festive season is that the sufferer delays in getting treatment, and don't report the early symptoms to anybody, to not disrupting the Christmas or new year festivities. Usually such people think that they will visit a doctor once the festive season is over.
  • One more less understood reason is shortage of staff in hospitals due to holiday season. Everybody wants to enjoy the holidays with family, even the doctors and nursing staff.

Some facts to open the eyes:
  • When 53 million U.S. death certificates from 1973 to 2001 were studied, it was found that 5% more heart-related deaths occur during the holiday season.
  • In New Zealand, death rate is 4% more during Christmas and New Year in spite of the fact that it is summer there at that time. It means that cold weather contributes to just 1% rise in death rate, 4% deaths increase due to other factors mentioned above.  
  • According to a study, most number of cardiac deaths occur on Christmas, second highest on Dec. 26, and third highest on New Year Day.

How to Avoid Heart Related Death during Holiday Season ?

  • The very first thing is to take care of your health, regardless of holiday season. Health should be the first priority, especially if you are a heart patient, else you won't survive to see next holiday season.
  • Eat Healthy and avoid smoking and drinking.
  • Exercise regularly as per your regular routine.
  • If it is cold then avoid outdoors and wear warm clothes.
  • Don't hesitate in telling someone if you feel any anything wrong and call an ambulance. It is better to ruin the holiday party for a few hours, rather than transforming the very next day into funeral day.

Normal Blood Pressure for Men over 30, 40, 50, 60 Years

Normal Blood Pressure of Men is usually considered as 120 / 80 . It is not a correct reading for all age groups of men. There is a lot of difference between the normal blood pressure of a men in age group of of 30 - 35 and a men in age group of 60 - 65. There are several reasons for this difference in normal blood pressure of men. Usually the normal blood pressure increases with age. We will provide complete blood pressure chart for all age groups of men ranging from 20s to 80s .
Calculate your BMI using our Free BMI Calculator .
Note: BMI is a standard unit to measure obesity level.

Normal Blood Pressure for Men

The table below contains the normal blood pressure of men in a tabular form. It contain both maximum and minimum measurements of blood pressure for different age groups of men.

Blood Pressure for Men under 20

Age GroupAverageMinimumMaximum
15 - 19 Years117 / 77105 / 73120 / 81
How does Love saves your Heart from Blood Pressure

Blood Pressure for Men over 20

Age GroupAverageMinimumMaximum
20 - 24 Years120 / 79108 / 75132 / 83
25 - 29 Years121 / 80109 / 76133 / 84
Blood Pressure Chart for Women over 20

Blood Pressure for Men over 30

Age GroupAverageMinimumMaximum
30 - 34 Years122 / 81110 / 77134 / 85
35 - 39 Years123 / 82111 / 78135 / 86

Blood Pressure for Men over 40

Age GroupAverageMinimumMaximum
40 - 44 Years125 / 83112 / 79137 / 87
45 - 49 Years127 / 84115 / 80139 / 88
Diabetes and High Blood Pressure are Connected

Blood Pressure for Men over 50

Age GroupAverageMinimumMaximum
50 - 54 Years129 / 85116 / 81142 / 89
55 - 59 Years131 / 86118 / 82144 / 90
Yoga for High BP Control

Blood Pressure for Men over 60

Age GroupAverageMinimumMaximum
60 - 64 Years134 / 87121 / 83147 / 91

The same reading mentioned above are now shown in the form of a graph to make it more understandable. Using this blood pressure graph you can easily understand how average blood pressure of men increases with age. 

Normal Blood Pressure of Men
Normal Blood Pressure of Men

Why Does Normal Blood Pressure of Men Increases with age ?

It is a common question that arises in the mind of every men. Why does normal blood pressure increases with age. There is no specific reason for that but most common reason is stiffness of arteries. Our Arteries stiffens as we age which increase the normal blood pressure on the walls of arteries. At younger age our arteries and veins have more elasticity and thus they can bear more pressure. Whenever we run, the normal blood pressure increases to some extent and our blood vessels bear it due to their elasticity.

Love is the best Medicine (Organic with No Side Effects)

Can we keep the elasticity as we age ?

Yes, if we workout regularly and have a healthy diet then certainly it will help in keeping the elasticity of our blood vessels. Usually we stop doing physical work as we age. During childhood we play a lot and run a lot which keep our blood pressure rising and coming down. But as we age and enter into a career we forget physical activities, now our normal blood pressure rarely rises due to a physical workout and our blood vessels looses their elasticity in a few decades. So if you keep doing some physical exercises on regular basis then it will help your blood vessels in keeping their elasticity and maintaining your normal blood pressure.

We suggest you to workout daily. Then you will not need to worry about you your age group of 30, 40, 50, 60 or more. Most of the diseases in elder people are related to blood pressure, so it will help you in keeping all of them away. 

Smoking Hypertension and Heart Diseases

If you are a smoker and also a patient of hypertension then it may be due to the cigarettes that you smoke. Some medical researches found that nicotine inhaled due to tobacco smoke can increase your blood pressure up to certain level. So quitting smoking can definitely help you in lowering you blood pressure. However smoking is not the only factor responsible for hypertension, so if you think that quitting smoking will completely correct your blood pressure readings then you might be wrong.

Effect of smoking on Heart and Blood Pressure

  • Walls of arteries get hardened due to long term effect of smoking as the elastic tissues are damaged. It makes a person incapable of handling sudden hike in blood pressure even in normal circumstances like running.
  • Lining of arteries is damaged by smoking which causes a buildup of atheroma (a fatty material). It narrows the artery which can cause angina, heart attack or stroke.
  • Nicotine in cigarettes makes our body to produce adrenaline hormone, which increase our heart beat and raises blood pressure, thus making excess work load on heart. 
  • Carbon monoxide inhaled through smoke reduces the proportion of oxygen. Due to this reason our heart pumps faster to provide adequate amount of oxygen to body.
  • Normally clotting occurs on wounds to stop bleeding but in smokers blood clot may get formed inside arteries which blocks or reduces the blood supply. If such clot happens in brain then it can cause stroke. If such clot is formed in some coronary artery then it may cause heart attack.
Nicotine found in cigarette smoke can instantly increase your hear beat and blood pressure and addicted smokers can continuously keep their blood pressure up due to chain smoking. So if you quit smoking then you instantly reduce your blood pressure up to some level.

Some facts about smoking and heart health
  • Smokers are twice more prone to heart attack compared to a non-smoker.
  • Smokers are three times more susceptible to angina than non smokers.
  • 20% of all deaths related to heart diseases in US are due to cigarette smoking.
  • The risk of heart attack increases with the number of cigarettes a person smokes per day.
  •  The risk of heart attack and stroke increases significantly in those women who smoke and also take birth control pills. 
  • As soon as you quit smoking the risk of heart diseases decreases significantly.
  • Quitting smoking can increase your life as a result of better heart health.

How does exercise improve your Cardiovascular System

Regular exercise is a good lifestyle habit to stay away from diseases and get a good looking body. Those who are suffering from some heart diseases often come to know the importance of exercise once they got affected by it. If you make exercise a habit from the very beginning of your adulthood then most often you won't ever by affected by any cardiovascular disease or any other health issue. In this article we will discuss the effects of exercise on your cardiovascular health and how it saves you from hypertension.

  • Exercise makes your heart stronger: Regular exercise makes your heart stronger and its ability to pump blood increases. When we exercise on regular basis, our heart starts to adapt and left ventricle enlarges to store and pump more blood per beat. It is the reason why professional athletes have low resting pulse rate compared to an average person. Their blood pressure also remains on lower side. 
  • Exercise improves quality of Blood: Exercise stimulates our circulatory system and enhances the removal of toxins from blood. It also increases the flow of oxygenated blood in body.
  • Exercise lowers Bad Cholesterol:  LDL Cholesterol, which is considered bad for human health is found more in obese people or those who live sedentary life. Exercise on regular basis triggers some enzyme activity in body which helps in transfer of that bad cholesterol from blood vessels to liver which later converts it into bile and further excreted from body.
  • Exercise makes you arteries flexible: There are some flexible tissues in the arteries which usually diminishes as we age. But we exercise regularly then these flexible tissues remain there for longer duration and arteries remain flexible. Flexibility of arteries helps our body in dealing with sudden elevation in blood pressure due to some intense physical activity, such as running.
  • Exercise lowers blood pressure: Resting blood pressure of a person who exercise regularly will be lower than a person who don't exercise. It is because of the facts explained above. Exercise makes heart stronger, arteries flexible and improves quality of blood by removing toxins and bad cholesterol. All of these things help in lowering the blood pressure. Low blood pressure means less chances of stroke or heart attack.
  • Exercise Reduces Inflammation in Body: Regular exercise reduces C-reactive protein (CRP) in body which indicates inflammation in body. Inflammation is body is also responsible for Coronary Heart Disease.   
  • Exercise can help in quit smoking: Some researches found that regular exercising can help those who want to quit smoking which can save you from heart diseases.

How much exercise is enough for cardiovascular health ? Know more

All of the above facts about exercise and cardiovascular system are for those who understand human anatomy. Very simple fact about exercise is that it reduces your weight and keep it under control. If you have your weight in control then you are automatically saved from those diseases that are directly connected to obesity. Hypertension and diabetes are most common diseases found in overweight people. So even if you don't know more about human anatomy, you may get sure that you won't get hypertension of diabetes if you exercise regularly.

How much exercise is enough for your Cardiovascular Health ?

The answer to "how much" depends on the exercise that you prefer to do. Exercise regime of differing people differs from just jogging to power lifting, as it depends on your present health and interest level. All exercises are not meant for every person. A person who has never done any exercise can't directly jump for power lifting, thinking that it will benefit him/her more. If you want to go for intense exercises than it is better to increase your exercise level gradually with the help of a professional fitness trainer.

How much exercise is enough for your Cardiovascular Health ?

When we discuss exercises for your cardiovascular health then keep it in mind that these exercises are not meant to make you a bodybuilder but to increase the health of your heart and keep you away from cardiovascular diseases.

Here are some points that can help you in making an exercise schedule.

  • 150 minutes of moderate exercise per week is sufficient for heart health. It means 30 minutes per day for 5 days in a week.
  • If you can't exercise continuously for 30 minutes due to some health reasons then you may divide the time in 2 or 3 segments of 15 or 10 minutes.
  • If you prefer vigorous exercise then you may save 50% of your time. 75 minutes of vigorous exercise is sufficient, which is just 15 minutes per day for 5 days in a week.
  • If you want to do a combination of moderate and vigorous exercise then anything between 15 to 30 minutes per day is sufficient.

Below we have mentioned some moderate and heavy exercises to give you an idea about them. Even if the exercise that you prefer is not listed in it, you will get an idea if it is moderate or vigorous. So you may decide a exercise schedule.

List of Moderate Intensity Exercises

  • Walking at a pace of faster than 3 miles per hour
  • Cycling slower than 10 miles per hour
  • Ballroom dancing
  • Light Gardening
  • Tennis doubles
  • Water Aerobics

List of Vigorous Intensity Exercises

  • Running or Jogging
  • Swimming laps
  • Aerobic dancing
  • Jumping Rope
  • Heavy Gardening (like continuous digging)
  • Cycling faster than 10 miles per hour
  • Hiking uphill

Note: Before making an exercise schedule it is better to take your present health into consideration. If you already have some medical condition then decide your exercise schedule after consulting your physician.

Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD): The Fatal Hole in Heart

Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) is a congenital heart defect, usually present from birth. In VSD there is a hole in septum (the wall between right and left side of heart) between the right and left ventricle. Ventricles are lower part of heart which pumps the blood out of it. Right ventricle pumps the blood to lungs while left ventricle pumps the blood to remaining body. The hole between these ventricles mixes the oxygen-rich blood with oxygen-less blood and exerts extra workload on lungs, heart and pulmonary artery.

What causes Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) ?
VSD is usually detected in infants soon after birth. In most of the cases it fills on its own within a few weeks, but if it doesn't then it is considered as a health risk. The cause of VSD still not known. It is a rare disease and some experts believe that genetic factors might have some role in it. Similar to VSD there is another medical condition called Patent Foramen Ovale (PFO), also known as Atrial septal defect (ASD). PFO is also a hole in heart which is present in almost 20% population but it causes no visible symptoms and often remains untreated. However the reason behind PFO is known which is described in our last article.

Symptoms of Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)
As we told that VCD is usually detected in newly born kids, so the symptoms need to be checked either by parents or doctor as the the kid can't tell these things on its own. Some common symptoms are

  • Poor feeding
  • Fast breathing
  • Getting tired more often
  • Poor Weight Gain
  • Bluish tint to the skin, lips and fingernails

Health Complications caused due to VSD
If the hole due to VSD is small then it does not cause any health complications and doctors suggest to wait for sometime to let it close itself, but they recommend regular checkup of kid to monitor the VSD hole if it is shrinking or not.
Health complications arise if the VSD is large or if there are multiple small VSD. VSD increases the pressure of blood in Right Auricle which supplies blood to lungs through Pulmonary Artery. Usually oxygen less blood travels to lungs, but the VSD hole mixes some oxygen-rich blood into it as well. All factors not only make our lungs and heart work more intensely to provide proper blood supply to body but also increases blood pressure in pulmonary artery which is known as Pulmonary Hypertension. Usually Pulmonary Hypertension us not considered as curable disease but if it is due to VSD then treatment of VSD can treat it as well.
If VSD remains untreated that it can be fatal.

Treatment of Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)
Previously Open Heart Surgery was the only option to treat VSD. But a newly born kid with a major VSD can't go for that, so surgeons go for a small surgery procedure known as pulmonary artery banding, which narrows the pulmonary artery and reduces the blood flow to lungs. As the child gets older an open-heart-surgery is performed to remove the band and fix the VSD.
If the VSD is small the it can be sewed, but if it is large then a patch of fabric or lining around the heart is used and sewed on the hole. Later hearts's own tissues grow on that part and make it permanent.
Now a days a modern technology called catheterization laboratory is performed to stay away from open heart surgery. In this technique a catheter is inserted into a blood vessel in thigh that leads to heart with the help of an x-ray machine. Then the VSD is detected and a mesh device is sent to the site through catheter which closes the hole from both sides. This complete procedure just needs a maximum one night stay for the patient.

Patent Foramen Ovale (PFO) : The hole in your Heart

Foramen Ovale is a medical condition found in most of the newly born babies. In this medical condition there is a hole between the upper chamber of heart (i.e. right and left auricle). It is a common phenomena in babies. But this hole is closed automatically within a few weeks after birth. But one in every five person is not so lucky and his/her Foramen Ovale remain open. This medical condition is called Patent Foramen Ovale (PFO), also known as Atrial septal defect.

What happens to our body due to Patent Foramen Ovale (PFO) ?
Our right auricle contains the deoxygenated blood while left auricle contains the oxygenated blood. The hole between these two chambers of heart mixes the pure blood with impure blood. The same blood is then sent to different body parts and the same mixed blood is sent to lungs to get oxygenated. No major symptoms can be noticed of this medical condition in childhood. But as the person reaches 30's some symptoms become visible. These symptoms are:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Getting tired soon
  • Swelling in legs anf feet
  • heart palpitations
  • heart murmurs

These symptoms vary from person to person. Symptoms are more clear in people with large PFO hole, while people with small hole might never feel any symptom.
 Note: In very rare cases if a baby have both PFO and some other heart condition then blue tint may appear on skin while crying or passing stool.

Health Risks related to Patent Foramen Ovale (PFO)

  • A person suffering from PFO may live a healthy life, but chances of getting a stroke attack is more compared to a person with no PFO. 
  • In our last article discussed the effect of Air bubble getting injected into veins, which can cause problem is a person suffering from PFO. 
  • In some researches migraine is found connected to PFO. Those who have got their PFO corrected through surgery reported reduction in migraine.

Why do newly born babies have Foramen Ovale ?
When the arteries and veins develop in a baby inside the womb of her mother it needs blood supply. The hole (Foramen Ovale) provides more blood instantly to the heart to pump into these newly developed arteries. This Foramen Ovale does not cause any harm to baby as at that time lungs of mother are oxygenating the blood for baby. Baby's own lungs don't oxygenate the blood as baby can't breathe in the womb. As the baby is born the Foramen Ovale closes itself within a few weeks.

Patent Foramen Ovale (PFO) Diagnosis
It can be done using ECG (echocardiogram) through a bubble test performed with saline water. The doctor checks it through ECG machine if the bubble passes between two upper chambers of heart.

Patent Foramen Ovale (PFO) Treatment
PFO can be closed through surgery. There are more than 20% chances that you have got a PFO in your heart. But you don't need to go for surgery unless your doctor tell you that your PFO is causing some trouble in your body. What happens in the surgery is visible in the gif image provided here.

Why Making Love is good for your Heart and Blood Pressure !

You might have heard this fact that making love is actually good for your blood pressure. But most of us don't known how does it help in keeping our blood pressure in control and whats the science behind that. Getting intimate with your partner is actually the best medicine for blood pressure. It not only cures it, but sometimes it can also act as a therapy for those who are already suffering from hypertension. The facts collected by are well researched from internet with an intention to increase the your knowledge about the good effect of love for your heart health. Keeping your blood pressure in control increases your life expectancy and reduces the chances of heart attack to a great extent.

Why Making Love is good for your Heart and Blood Pressure

  • Aerobic exercises are beneficial for your heart health. Aerobic exercises are those workouts in which we use our big muscles in a rhythmic and continuous way. During love making we use most of our big muscles in the rhythmic and continuous way, thus it can be considered as a good aerobic workout.
  • Regularly getting intimate keeps our weight under control and reduces the chances of being obese and further suffering from some heart disease. Obesity is itself considered a disease in US.
  • Love Making keeps our testosterone and estrogen hormones in balance. It save us from heart diseases in long run.
  • Indulging in a love activity releases oxytocin hormone in women, which has a direct effect in lowering the blood pressure.
  • Just like smoking and high cholesterol diet there are some other factor like stress, anger, anxiety, and loneliness which are considered as a risk factor for heart attack. While getting intimate our body releases Endorphins which gives us a feeling of euphoria or well being and saves us from stress, anger, anxiety and loneliness. Thus our chances of heart attack are also reduced.
Making Love is the best Medicine (Organic with No Side Effects)

Is it dangerous to make love if you are suffering with hypertension ?
No, there is no danger in that. However making love increases your blood pressure for a few minutes but so does a number of other tasks. Even if you have ever heard of anybody suffering a heart attack while making love, then its just a coincidence. But if you are suffering with hypertension and still using some enhancement pills like Viagra then it may be dangerous. If your doctor have suggested you abstain from such activity due to hypertension (however it happens rarely), then its better to listen to him.

Previously we used to say that love resides in our heart. But today we can say that if we keep loving somebody (with physical relation as well) then it keeps our heart young, and its scientifically proven now. 

Myocardial Infarction Diagnosis Treatment and Risk Factors

Myocardial Infarction

Myocardial Infarction is irreversible death of Heart Muscle due to lack of oxygen supply to it. It is known by another common name Heart Attack.
All of us know that heart supplies blood to all organs by pumping it into arteries. But some of these arteries also carry blood to walls of our heart to make its muscles work properly and keep pumping. But when plaque buildup inside any such artery and causes complete blockage of blood to certain heart muscles then it is Heart Attack. Our heart muscle can bear this blockage for certain amount of time, but if its more than that, then those muscles become permanently dead, which is Myocardial Infarction.

Symptoms of Myocardial Infarction

The very first symptoms is chest pain and feeling of discomfort. If this discomfortness and pain travels into shoulder, arm, back, neck or jaw, then you can be sure that its a heart attack. These symptoms last for more than a few minutes. If you notice such symptoms then you need immediate medical attention. You may also feel shortness of breath, cold sweat and feeling faint.

Myocardial Infarction Diagnosis

Myocardial Infarction Diagnosis is done by examining the symptoms and connecting them with physical examination. ECG Report, Blood Test Report and Heart Muscle Cell Damage are other important part of Myocardial Infarction Diagnosis. Coronary Angiogram is another modern diagnosis method which allows visualization of Heart Arteries and check them for obstruction.

Myocardial Infarction Treatment

Myocardial Infarction is done by both lifestyle changes and Medication. If we talk about lifestyle changes then its the most important part of treatment. It decreases the chances of heart attack. Lifestyle changes include both changes in diet and physical activity. Its better to consult a doctor for correct medication and physical activity routine.  Physical activity routine depends on the degree of damage done by Myocardial Infarction. Changes in Diet are also important. Your doctor may advise you to increase the consumption of wholegrain starch and decrease consumption of sugar and salt. There is some effect of dietary fat in this medical condition. But still doctors advice to stay away from saturated fat and use only unsaturated fat to decrease to deposition of cholesterol in blood vessels.

Myocardial Infarction Risk Factors

Myocardial Infarction risk factors are same as any other heart disease. Some of them are listed here. If you have any of these risk facts then its better consult a doctor and get yourself checked on regular basis. Here are the risk factors.

  • Obesity
  • Lack of Physical Activity
  • Increased Cholesterol or Triglycerides level
  • Diabetes
  • High Blood Pressure
  • History of Heart Attack in your family
  • Tobacco Consumption
  • Men above 45 Years and Women above 55 Years of age.

Heart Diseases in United States (Unknown Facts)

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is the leading government agency in United states that collects disease related data and provides guidelines to citizens of United States to keep them safe from any vulnerable disease. In year 2013 CDC published a document with details of severity of Heart Diseases in United States. According to that CDC report Heart Diseases are the worst killers of United States. Here we have gathered some facts about Heart Diseases in United States to tell the severity of the condition.

  •  23.5% of all deaths in United States are caused due to Heart Diseases (in year 2013). However now it could be cancer.
  • 610,000 people in United State died due to Heart Diseases during year 2013. 
  • 787,000 people in United State died due to Heart Diseases during year 2011.
  • By 2011, one in three deaths was due to heart diseases. By 2013 this rate has reduced to one in four deaths.

Facts about reasons for Heart Diseases


  • 16% of students are smokers. 
  • 20% Men and 16% Women are smokers in America.
  • In 2012 there were 6300 new smokers added every day.

Lack of physical Activity

  • 31% of US population accepts that they don't participate in any kind of physical activity.

Over Eating

  • Only less than 1% of American population meets the diet guidelines of American Heart Association.
  • Research results taken from 1971 to 2004 shows that women started consuming 22% more ans men started consuming 10% more.


  • Most of the US population above 20 years of age is overweight.
  • 69% of total american population is overweight or obese.
  • 32% children are overweight.

High Blood Pressure

  • Around 33% of american population have High Blood Pressure. 
  • Only half of them have got their condition under control.

  As all the details shown above are itself explaining why heart diseases are the number one killers of american population. We don't need a Hollywood movie Sniper to be a number one killer. We have ourselves put us into this condition. Government can only issue some guidelines. We have follow our own will if we want to save our life.

Blood Pressure Definition and Importance in Human Anatomy

Blood Pressure Definition

Blood Pressure, in short BP, is the pressure of blood that it exerts on the walls of arteries, veins and heart chambers. Those who have lesser knowledge of biology, BP is just like air pressure inside your car tyre. Higher and lower air pressure, both are harmful for your car tyre. Similarly both higher and lower blood pressure are harmful for your body. Blood pressure is directly connected to our pulse rate and health condition of our body. Our mood also fluctuates with our blood pressure.

Readings of Blood Pressure

Most of us know that normal blood pressure is 115/70 but we don't try to know what it means. Here we will explain it.

  • Systolic Pressure: Systolic Pressure is the upper reading. Its the pressure exerted when heart contracts.
  • Diastolic Pressure: Its the lower reading. Its the pressure exerted by blood when heart is in relaxed state.

Facts about Blood Pressure

  • A person is called a patient of High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) only if his/her Blood Pressure always remains above 140/90 . Even if any one of these readings is higher then its hypertension.
  • Hypertension is a major cause of premature deaths worldwide.
  • Low Blood Pressure (Hypotension ) is the condition when any one of your blood pressure reading is below 90/60.
  • Pulmonary Hypertension is a type of blood pressure which fatal is non curable.
  • If our blood pressure falls 20 mm Hg suddenly then it can cause dizziness and fainting.
  • Generally athletes have lower blood pressure and pulse rate than any other normal human being.
  • Farting helps in lowering high blood pressure.

Know more about standard blood pressure for your age:

Causes of High Blood Pressure

  • Deposition of Cholesterol inside arteries and veins: Deposition of Cholesterol inside walls of blood vessels narrows them and the internal volume of these arteries and veins decreases. Its increases the blood pressure inside them.
  • Reduced elasticity of blood Vessels: Reduced elasticity of blood vessels causes high blood pressure. There are two main reasons behind reduced elasticity, first is smoking (either direct or passive smoking) and second is aging.

Causes of Low Blood Pressure

  • Blood Loss: Sudden Blood Loss due to some injury.
  • Pregnancy: During pregnancy ladies may have lower blood pressure due to expansion of circulatory system.
  • Heart problems: Heart Problems like low heart rate, heart fail and heart attack can cause low blood pressure.
  • Low blood sugar can cause Hypotension
  • Dehydration : During dehydration due to lack of water in body the blood volume decreases and it causes low blood pressure.
  • Anemia: Anemia can also cause low blood pressure.

Blood Pressure importance in Human Anatomy

High and Low blood pressure is not always bad. When we do some physical activity like running or exercising our blood pressure increases but returns back to normal after some time as we rest. Its bad when it does not return to normal or remains high / low when we are in resting state. However its necessary for people with good health to elevate their BP by means of physical activity sometimes as it provides strength to their heart. Thats why exercising is good for your heart.
Our Mood and Blood Pressure depends on each other. Our blood pressure can change our mood. As well as our mood can change our blood pressure. When we are angry our blood pressure increases , while if you are in some sort of depression then it can lower your blood pressure.

Best food for Heart Patient

Best Food for Heart Patient

If you or any of your family member is a heart patient then you must have asked your doctor about the best diet practices for heart patient. Usually doctors ask to avoid that food which is high in cholesterol and fat. Here we will explain the best food for heart patient. There are several dryfruits, vegetables and fruits which are good for health of heart patient. These foods not only contain lesser fats but also contain compounds like Omega-3, Niacin, Pectin and Antioxidants which are best for Heart Patient.

Dryfruits best for Heart Patients

  • Walnuts: Its full of omega-3 fatty acids, fiber, Vitamin E, folate and Polyunsaturated fats. All of these are necessary for a healthy heart.
  • Almonds: Full of Omega-3
  • Chia seeds: Its one of the best sources of omega-3. Just a spoonful of chia seeds contains only 60 calories and helps reduce bad cholesterol and plaque buildup.
  • Oat: It reduces cholesterol.
  • Raisins: Raisins are packed with potassium, which helps lower hypertension and increases immune-boosting antioxidants.

Best Vegetables for Heart Patients

  • Broccoli: Its low in cholesterol, high in fiber, and contain lots of antioxidants.
  • Brussels sprouts: This vegetable looks like mini cabbage heads. It reduces inflammation in the cardiovascular system and improves blood vessel health.
  • Cauliflower: Its high in Fibre and contain antioxidants and allicin, a component of garlic, which lowers the risk of heart attacks and reduce cholesterol.

Best fruits for Heart Patients

  • Apples: It contain pectin, which blocks absorption of cholesterol, and fiber, which sweeps out cholesterol. The result of eating an apple a day is 40% decrease in LDL cholesterol.
  • Oranges: Another source of pectin, this citrus fruit is also packed with a flavaonoid that lowers blood pressure and reduces artery inflammation. Citrus also contains hesperidin, a plant chemical that improves blood flow to the heart, and vitamin C, a potent protector against stroke.
  • Grapefruit: Like oranges, grapefruit contains a lot of vitamin C which, according to research, can help protect against stroke and helps reduce cholesterol.
  • Avocado: This fruit is loaded with monounsaturated fats, also known as “good fats” that can help minimize blood cholesterol and blood clots. But they are also high in calories (240 per average-sized avocado), so go easy.
  • Blueberries: These dark berries are packed with resveratrol and flavonoids, another antioxidant that helps prevent coronary disease.

Other Food Products for Heart Patients

  • Olive oil: Make sure it's extra virgin. The purer olive oil contains higher levels of “good fat” and antioxidants to help unclog your arteries and is considerably more healthy for your heart than vegetable oil and its cholesterol-inducing “bad” fats.
  • Coffee: Coffee is high in antioxidants.
  • Red wine: Red Wine have resveratrol, a compound with antioxidant properties.
  • Green tea: It contain catechin and flavonids, antioxidants with multiple cardio benefits including reducing blood clots. It also lowers hypertension.
  • Soy milk: Its low in fat and reduces cholestrol. Niacin in Soy milk boosts blood circulation.
  • Dark Chocolate: Choose only those which contain at least 70% Cocoa. It lowers the BP and its flavonols relax arteries and increase blood flow.

Congestive Heart Failure Symptoms (CHF Signs)

Congestive Heart Failure

You must have heard the term "Heart Failure" which means that heart is unable to pump as much blood to the body, as the body is demanding. It means more demand and less supply. Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) means that heart is getting more blood into it, than what it can pump. Blood is returning to the heart at a faster rate and its not able to pump it all at that speed, which causes congestion of blood near heart. Due to this reason this condition is called "Congestive Heart Failure" or CHF.

Congestive Heart Failure mostly occurs due to the aging factor when heart muscles gets weakened and
pumping capability of muscles is reduced. But it can also occur in lower age group if you are patient of High Blood Pressure or if you have survived after a heart attack. Sometimes Heart Attack leaves some heart muscles damaged which results in congestive heart failure.

Congestive Heart Failure Symptoms

  • Shortness of breath (even at rest). It may also disturb sleep.
  • Severe fatigue and weakness.
  • Wheezing after limited physical exertion
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Irregular or Rapid Heartbeat
  • Anxiety
  • Irritability, restlessness
  • Mental confusion in some cases

Left Sided CHF Symptoms

  • Dry cough. It indicates Left Sided Heart Failure. Sometimes cough may produce frothy or bloody sputum.

Right Sided CHF Symptoms

  • Frequent urination during the night. Its a symptom of right-sided hear failure.
  • Swelling of the ankles and feet
  • Rapid weight gain due to fluid retention.
  • Swelling in the lower back if the patient is bedridden .
  • Abdominal pain and a feeling of fullness.
  • Swollen neck veins.

Signs of a Heart Attack in Women (Female Heart Failure Symptoms)

Heart Attack kills more women than men every year. There are some reasons behind that. Before that we should understand whats heart Attack. Heart Attack means blockage of blood supply to some heart muscles due to some blockage in arteries. If this blockage remains for a long time then the heart muscles facing the deficiency of blood supply may die. Such permanent failure of some heart muscles can be avoided if we understand the signs of heart attack on time and visit a doctor.

We often think that Heart Attack and Heart Failure are same. You can know the difference from the following Article.
Heart Attack is different from Heart Failure.

Heart Attack may lead to Heart Failure if some heart muscles die permanently due to lack of blood supply.
as i told you earlier that heart attack kills more women than men every year. Similarly Heart Failure is reported more in Women. The main reason behind more heart attacks in women is that signs of heart attack is not more visible in women and they often take it as something else.

Women feel less or negligible pain in chest during heart attack, which is just opposite for men. Women might feel more pain in neck and arm than chest.

Signs of a Heart Attack in Women

  • Chest pain or discomfort
  • Pain in arm(s), back, neck, or jaw
  • Fatigue
  • Stomach pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Lightheadedness
  • Sweating

Heart Failure in Women

Heart Failure is inability to pump blood properly. Its not a life threatening condition but should be treated as soon as possible if you want to save a few years of your life. Chances of Hear Failure increases with age. Women face heart failure at a later stage than men. There may be several causes responsible for heart failure in women such a high blood pressure for long period or going through depression for a long time. Depression is common problem among women and a number of times its found associated with heart failure. But the good news is that women survive longer than men with heart failure. Swelling around ankles is more common in women than men.

Female Heart Failure Symptoms

Some common symptoms visible in females going through heart failure are given below.

  • Breathlessness
  • Tiredness
  • Swollen Ankles

Signs of a Heart Attack in Men - Warning Symptoms

Heart Attack is a life threatening medical condition in which immediate medical attention is necessary. Usually our body shows some symptoms before Heart Attack. Some early signs are ignored by us. Most of us think the heart attack occurs just like shown in movies, when suddenly severe chest pain occurs and the person falls on ground. In real life heart attack signs and their severity differs from person to person. We should never take these warning symptoms of Heart attack lightly. Heart Attack symptoms of Men are different from women. This difference of symptoms is due to difference in internal structure of organs.

Signs of Hear Attack in Men

Most Common Symptoms of Hear Attack in Men

  • Chest pain
  • Chest discomfort
  • Chest pressure

Less Common Symptoms of Hear Attack in Men

  • Discomfort or pain in arms, neck, jaw, back, or stomach
  • Abdominal Discomfort
  • Shortness of breath
  • Lightheadedness
  • Sweating
Note: Usually men feel more chest pain during heart attack. Diabetic people can have heart attack without feeling chest pain.

Heart Attack symptoms can appear and disappear after few minutes. So don't take these waning symptoms lightly. These symptoms can appear again in much severe condition. Always remember that heart attach signs of two different people are not always same.

Don't wait! report in Immediately

Once you feel that the symptoms you are feeling resemble to a heart attack, don't wait any more. Call 911 or local ambulance service to get you to the hospital. Most people wait for hours before taking these steps. It can be a life threatening condition. As soon as you reach hospital doctors will give you clot dissolving medicines and damage to the heart muscles will be minimal. Else the damage will be severe and some of your heart muscles will be permanently damaged.

Types of Heart Attacks (Acute Coronary Syndrome Classification)

In medical terminology Heart Attack is referred as "Acute Coronary Syndrome". It is a life threatening condition in which immediate medical attention in necessary. During a heart attack the artery taking blood to the heart muscles is blocked due to some reason. Most common symptom of a Heart Attack in discomfort in chest. You might feel pressure on chest, heaviness, tightness or fullness on chest. Some people may feel irregular heart beats.

Severeness of Heart Attack depends upon two factors

  • Location of blockage.
  • How long does it remain blocked

Medical science has classified Acute Coronary Syndrome into different types. In other words you can say that there are different types of Heart Attack. These types of heart attack also classify the severity of Heart Attack.

Types of Heart Attack

  • Non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI)
  • ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI)


In this type of Heart Attack, the ECG may remain perfectly normal but the chemical markers can show some damage to the muscles of heart. In this case the blockage is temporary and damage is minimal.


In this type of Heart Attack the blockage is for longer period and larger part of heart muscles are damaged. It is visible in the ECG and in blood levels of key chemical markers.

Some Other terms related to Heart Attack:

Myocardial Infarction (MI): Sometime Heart Attack is called Myocardial Infarction (MI) in medical terminology as both types of Heart Attack have this term common.

Stunned Myocardium: Stunned Myocardium are those heart muscles which can't function properly for a period of few days after heart attack. Its caused due to lack of blood supply to these muscles during heart attack. They start functioning normally after few days.

Hibernating Myocardium: Some heart areas or muscles don't work after a heart attack. Medication is used to return the blood supply to those regions of heart. In this case some muscles remain in resting state for a longer duration. These muscles are called Hibernating Myocardium. Such muscles may return to normal function in a few weeks or months. 

Heart Attack vs Heart Failure : Which is more Critical ?

Usually we think that Heart Attack and Heart Failure is same thing. But these two are different diseases. However if any of these occur to a person, he/she is at risk of another. Both of these diseases have different symptoms and different treatments. At the end of this article you will automatically know the answer that which one is more critical and life-threatening.

Heart Attack vs Heart Failure

Heart Attack is caused when the arteries supplying blood to the heart gets blocked. When this happens heart don't receive energy to work and it stops working. These arteries can get blocked due to several reasons. It may be due to some clotting inside arteries or inflammation inside arteries. If its diagnosed in time then there are several medicines to dissolve the clot and remove the inflammation. So its important to notice the early symptoms of a heart attack.

Heart Failure is different from Heart Attack. Heart Failure is a condition when the capacity of Heart to pump the blood decreases due to some reasons. It may happen due to continuous high blood pressure of some problem in Heart Valves. Heart Failure is a condition that can remain from a few months to years. It gradually makes the heart weak and may result in complete failure. Its symptoms should be noticed and treated early else it starts to affect other organs due to poor blood supply.

Some times Heart Attack may lead to Heart Failure. When some artery supplying blood to heart is narrowed or blocked then the heart muscles can't  get proper energy to work properly and these muscles are weakened with time and gradually their ability to pump the blood is decreased. Thus Heart Attack leads to Heart Failure.

Which is more Critical - Heart Attack or Hear Failure ?

Immediate attention and medical treatment is necessary in case of a heart attack. Else it may result in death with first 24 hours. The patient may need help of a pacemaker to regulate the pumping function of heart. As you read in the beginning that heart failure can take some days to be noticed but symptoms of heart attack are immediate. None of these diseases should be taken lightly but Heart Attack is more critical.