Know your Disease by Symptoms

There are number of health care websites on Internet which provide deep knowledge about diseases and their symptoms. Some of them even provide the functionality to diagnose your disease with the help of the symptoms that you provide. However these websites can't replace the need of a doctor but they provide good results up to some extent and help you in understanding your situation better.

Chia Seeds vs Sabja vs Kalonji

Sometimes people often confuse with Chia Seeds, Sabja Seeds and Kalonji. Here we will provide complete information about these.

Chai Seeds and Sabja Seeds are same. Sabja is its common name in India. So we will tell you difference between Chia Seeds and Kalonji.

Chia Seeds vs Kalonji

Chia SeedsKalonji
Scientific NameSalvia hispanicaNigella sativa
Other Common NamesSabja (in India),Fennel Flower Seeds, Onion Seeds, black cumin, Kala Jeera(in India)
Nutrients (per 100g)Calories: 486
Saturated fat: 3.3 g
Sodium: 16 mg
Potassium: 407 mg
Carbohydrate: 42 g
Dietary fiber: 34 g
Protein 17 g
Minerals: Calcium, Iron, Magnesium
Vitamins: -
Calories: 345
Saturated fat: 0.5 g
Sodium: 88 mg
Potassium: 1,694 mg
Carbohydrate: 52 g
Dietary fiber: 40 g
Protein 16 g
Minerals: Calcium, Iron, Magnesium
Vitamins: C, B-6

Rich in omega-3 fatty acids which good for Heart health.
Geographical AbundanceMexico, Southwestern United States. Australia is one of the largest producers of Chia.
Smell and TasteUsually tasteless Pungent bitter taste and smell
Misc Features It can absorb more than 12 times its weigh in waterIt acts as a medicine in Ayurvedic and Unani medical practices.
UsageIts used in shakes. (Milk Shake, Mango shake)Used as a spice in Asia. Its used in making Naan and some types of Cheese. 

Foods High in Calories and Protein

If you workout in a gym and really a fitness freak then you might know the importance of protein in diet. Food high in Calories and Protein is basic necessity of a person who does some work which need extensive physical stress (for example body builders). Here we will provide a list of foods that are high in calories and protein. However these foods are good for those who need a lot of calories for their daily routine, but a normal guy or girl eat such foods without putting some efforts in his/her daily life then he/she will gain weight at a very high speed. So be cautions while eating foods high in calories and protein.

Foods High in Calories and Protein

Dairy Products High in Calories and Protein

  • Greek Yogurt
  • Cottage Cheese 
  • Soy/Almond/Coconut Yogurt  

Non Dairy Products High in Calories and Protein

  • Chia seeds
  • Beans
  • Lentils
  • Quinoa
  • Eggs
  • Artichokes
  • Broccoli
  • Avocado
  • Asparagus
  • Tofu
  • Peas
  • Spinach
  • Beet greens
  • Peanuts
  • Pistachios
  • Sesame seeds
  • Garbanzo beans

Non Veg Products High in Calories and Protein

  • Beef
  • Chicken
  • Pork

Note: Don't go for High Calorie / High Protein diet if you want to loose weight.

How many Calories in an Apple with skin / without skin

Apple is always considered a good fruit in terms of nutrition. There is famous phrase 'An Apple a day, keeps doctor away" . It impress a number of people and hence we never forget to bring apples for a patient. But have you ever tried to find anything about the nutrients in an apple.

How many Calories in an Apple with skin

Here we are taking an apple of 100 grams in wight with its skin. Sometimes people peel off then skin which contain a number of nutrients. So please don't peel off the skin. Just wash it, cut it and eat it. The following table gives complete information about nutrients and calories in an Apple with skin.

How many Calories in an Apple without skin

A normal 100g Apple without skin have 47 Calories. But it lacks some important nutrients which are present in apple's skin. Here are some some facts that will make you eat an apple with skin.
  • Half of the Fiber in an Apple is stored in its skin.
  • 25 percent of Vitamin A and C are stored in apple skin.
  • The compound quercetin, which makes lungs healthier is present in the skin of apple. This compound also fights against the tissue damage in brain and hence protects from Alzheimer's disease.
  • Triterpenoids in the skin of apples either inhibit or kill cancer cells.
  • Skin of apple have a compound ursolic acid, which have an important obesity-fighting ability.

We hope that these facts will make you eat an apple with skin.

Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine Cost, Schedule and Side Effects

Japanese Encephalitis

Japanese encephalitis (JE) is caused mostly by mosquito bite. Most of the cases of Japanese Encephalitis occur in Asia and Western Pacific. Out of those who are infected with Japanese Encephalitis Virus only a few develop encephalitis. Around 45000 cases of Japanese Encephalitis are reported every year. 20-30% of them die, and about 50% survive with permanent brain damage. Japanese Encephalitis occur most in children up to the age of 15 Years. Some studies have shown that Japanese Encephalitis occur in those areas where pigs are raised and areas rich in rice production. JE Virus is spread by infected mosquitoes.

In early 20th century Japanese Encephalitis was reported mostly in China, Japan, Korea and Taiwan. Its cases are reduced in China and Japan due to wide spread immunization. Now a days its spreading in south east Asian countries like India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Australia. It might be due to widespread pig farming in these countries. Migratory birds might have taken Japanese Encephalitis Virus from China to these countries and rice and pig farming have helped the virus to spread at a great speed.

Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine

Product: JE-VAX (inactivated virus grown in mouse brain vaccine (JE-MB))
Manufacturer: Biken (distributed by Sanofi Pasteur)
Licensed: 1992 (This vaccine is no longer available as all stocks of this vaccine in the US expired in May, 2011)

Product: Ixiaro (inactivated virus grown in VERO cell tissue culture vaccine (JE-VC))
Manufacturer: Intercell (distributed by Novartis)
Licensed: 2009

JE-VC vaccine is used for those travelers aged over 17 years who are going to those countries where Japanese Encephalitis Virus can affect you.

Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine Side Effects

Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine, JE-VC, don't have any major side effects. Its already tested on more than 5000 adults and shown no serious side effects except local pain, swelling and redness, or fever.

Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine Schedule

JE-VC is given as a intramuscular injection. Its given in 2 doses at a gap of 28 days. These doses should be taken one week before exposure to Japanese Encephalitis Virus. The dose is 0.5 ml. There is a JE-VC booster dose that can be given 2 years after primary series.

Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine Cost

$390 per 2-dose primary series for JE-VC in 2009

Herpes Encephalitis Symptoms and Treatment

What is Herpes Encephalitis ?

Herpes Encephalitis is condition in which brain inflammation occurs and fever blisters occur. Its caused due to Herpes Simplex Type One Virus. Although its not a life threatening disease but it can become one if not treated early. Usually its symptoms are common to flu but it gradually increases if not treated properly. Our immune system also plays a major role in its treatment. Most of the people fully recover from this disease.

Some other names of Herpes Encephalitis are:
  • HSE (Herpes Simplex Encephalitis)
  • Herpetic Brainstem Encephalitis
  • Herpetic Meningoencephalitis

Herpes Encephalitis Symptoms

Early Symptoms of Herpes Encephalitis

In the beginning Herpes Encephalitis almost looks like flu. Mostly the virus responsible for Herpes Encephalitis enters our body through nose. Its symptoms include:

  • Sore Throat
  • Headache
  • Runny Nose
  • Vomiting

Symptoms of Severe Herpes Encephalitis

However early symptoms looks like Flu, but its virus may get into our brain and cause some severe symptoms like:

  • Paralysis
  • Hallucinations
  • Personality Swings

It can even lead to death if not diagnosed and treated at correct stage.

Herpes Encephalitis Treatment

Treatment of Herpes Encephalitis include long term antiviral treatment. Its treatment should be taken with proper consultation of Doctor. If treated properly then you can fully recover from Herpes Encephalitis. If Herpes Encephalitis is diagnosed at an early stage the you can get treatment at home, but in severe cases you might need to get admitted in a hospital.