Showing posts with label Blood Pressure. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Blood Pressure. Show all posts

Effect of Gender on your Blood Pressure (Men vs Women)

Men have comparatively higher blood pressure compared to women. However this trend continues only till menopause in women. After menopause both men and women share the similar chances of developing high blood pressure and diseases related to it. But for a major part of life women have lower chances of developing hypertension. Researches were done to know more about this gender difference in blood pressure.

The body of men and women are very different in terms of metabolism and hormones. In some researches it was found that blood pressure of women remain 6-7% less during both physical activity and mental stress. There are several reasons behind this higher BP in men. Some of the known reasons are described below.
  • Stroke Volume: It is the amount of blood pumped by left ventricle of our heart. Women have lower stroke volume (SV) compared to men, which is a major reason behind comparative lower blood pressure in women.
  • Peripheral Resistance: It is resistance produced by arteries against the blood flow. This resistance must be overcome by force of blood to keep it flowing. When we are at some mental stress, the peripheral resistance increases automatically. Women have comparative lower peripheral resistance even during high stress level, which let their blood pressure remain low compared to men.
  • Intra-abdominal fat: It is the fat content in the abdominal region. Men ten to have more intra abdominal fat compared to women. This type of fat can be present in men irrespective of the obesity, as it is the fat content between the internal organs of abdomen. This type of fat content is directly related to BP level. Thus it is one of the reasons for higher blood pressure in men.
  • Dyslipidemia: It is the abnormal amount of triglycerides, cholesterol and/or fat phospholipids in the blood stream. Dyslipidemia is more common in men compared to women, which may also lead to higher blood pressure.
  • Smoking and Drinking Habits: In most of the societies men are more inclined towards habit of smoking and drinking, which directly affect the blood pressure.
Apart from the above mentioned reasons, some researchers believe that difference between male and female hormones is also responsible for difference in blood pressure levels. The overall conclusion is that women can keep their blood pressure low without much effort. You may also conclude from it that women don't loose control of their mind as easily as men do and it might be one of the reasons behind comparatively cooler nature of women.

New High Blood Pressure Guidelines | Stages of Hypertension

New High Blood Pressure Guidelines

In year 2003 the definition of High Blood pressure was set as above 140/90 mmHg. But in some cases it was found that even the readings lower than that can be harmful if they retain for long durations. So after a wait of 14 years the American Heart Association changed the definition of High Blood Pressure in 2017. Now anything above 130/80 will be considered as high blood pressure.

New Stages of Hypertension / High BP

  • Normal: Less than 120/80 mm Hg.
  • Elevated: Systolic between 120-129 and Diastolic less than 80.
  • Stage 1: Systolic between 130-139 or diastolic between 80-89.
  • Stage 2: Systolic between 140 - 179 or diastolic at least 90 - 119 mm Hg.
  • Hypertensive crisis: Systolic above 180 and/or diastolic over 120.
Earlier Elevated and Stage 1 were known as a single stage "Prehypertension".

Prehypertension is Eliminated

Earlier the readings between 120/80 to 140/90 were considered as prehypertension, which means that the chances of being a high BP patient are present there. But the truth was that people never notice this stage. Most of the times people come to know about that only when they have jumped from prehypertension to High BP. However doctors suggest even a healthy person to get his/her blood pressure checked at regular intervals (weekly or monthly), but people ignore it. So this category of prehypertension was not acting as anything. Experts believed that eliminating this category, will be beneficial for both patient and society.

13% instant increase in number of patients

However these changed definitions will bring 13% more individuals into the "high plood pressure" community. Most of the new patients due to this change in categorization are among the age group of 25 to 45. Earlier people use to neglect the 130/80 mark , as they used to take it normal. But the changed definition will tick an alarm to get it treated. Earlier one-third population of US was considered as patient of Hypertension, but now this percentage has increased to 46% by a mere change in definition. This is sufficient to tell you about the seriousness of these new guidelines.

Not to increase medicine sale

However some of you might have a notion that it will increase the anti-hypertension medicine sale. But the truth is that the new comers in this category will be advised to make lifestyle changes to lower their blood pressure and save themselves from being a permanent patient of Hypertension. So these changes in definition might be beneficial for general population in long run and it will decrease the usage of blood pressure medication with a few years.

If people start taking their medical condition seriously then it will not only benefit their own health but their medical expenditure will also be saved in future. It can be beneficial for both, the individual and the nation. Heart Diseases are one of the major killers in US. This changed categorization of blood pressure will make people understand the seriousness of connection between hypertension and heart diseases.

Record for Highest Blood Pressure

Sometimes some blood pressure machines show such high readings which are not meant to believe. People often recheck their BP again on the same machine to verify it. But the best way is to get it checked on some other machine or get it checked at a medical clinic. Sometimes the BP Machines at home show incorrect readings either due to fault in equipment or incorrect measuring technique. We all know that blood pressure rises whenever we do some physical work. But there is always a limit, up to which your blood pressure will rise. Have you ever wondered about the the highest ever recorded blood pressure of a man or woman.

If you are going to find the record for highest blood pressure then it can be put into two categories.

  • While the subject is in resting position for sometime.
  • While the subject is doing extreme physical work.

Usually the blood pressure is measured in resting position except when you are going through cardio. If you measure the BP of a healthy man, who is running on a treadmill then the readings will be much higher. Usually the upper reading (systolic blood pressure) is affected by exercise. Diastolic BP is usually not affected as it is the pressure on arterial walls when heart is not beating. During exercise systolic BP readings may increase from 120 mmHg to 200 mmHg, and still it is considered normal. Holding your breath during heavy lifting (which is often done by heavy weight lifters) may increase your blood pressure to dangerous levels of 480/350, which can sometimes be life threatening. Regular exercise and endurance training can decrease your resting blood pressure and it may remain lower than normal in daily life.

Maximum Heart Rate (MHR)
MHR = 220 - Age
It means that a 35 year old person can achieve a heart rate of 185 (220-35) while exercising. It is recommended that you should stay between 55% to 85% of your MHR to get best from your exercises. Targeting for your 100% MHR can result is too high blood pressure, which might be risky.

Record for Highest ever Blood Pressure recorded

Resting blood pressure rises only during medical conditions. Rising of diastolic blood pressure is considered more harmful than systolic. Blood pressure level of 180/110 while resting is considered dangerous and medical attention is necessary in such condition. While searching for a record of highest ever blood pressure recorded, we found nothing like that as it is nothing to be proud of. Instead it is a serious medical condition which should be treated as soon as possible with proper medical care. We came across a number of comments on different websites where users told that their BP rose to readings like 234/136. Record levels of blood pressure are often found in patients of stroke and heart attack.
If you ever found any high blood pressure readings, then you may write about it in the comments section below.

Normal Blood Pressure for Men over 30, 40, 50, 60 Years

Normal Blood Pressure of Men is usually considered as 120 / 80 . It is not a correct reading for all age groups of men. There is a lot of difference between the normal blood pressure of a men in age group of of 30 - 35 and a men in age group of 60 - 65. There are several reasons for this difference in normal blood pressure of men. Usually the normal blood pressure increases with age. We will provide complete blood pressure chart for all age groups of men ranging from 20s to 80s .
Calculate your BMI using our Free BMI Calculator .
Note: BMI is a standard unit to measure obesity level.

Normal Blood Pressure for Men

The table below contains the normal blood pressure of men in a tabular form. It contain both maximum and minimum measurements of blood pressure for different age groups of men.

Blood Pressure for Men under 20

Age GroupAverageMinimumMaximum
15 - 19 Years117 / 77105 / 73120 / 81
How does Love saves your Heart from Blood Pressure

Blood Pressure for Men over 20

Age GroupAverageMinimumMaximum
20 - 24 Years120 / 79108 / 75132 / 83
25 - 29 Years121 / 80109 / 76133 / 84
Blood Pressure Chart for Women over 20

Blood Pressure for Men over 30

Age GroupAverageMinimumMaximum
30 - 34 Years122 / 81110 / 77134 / 85
35 - 39 Years123 / 82111 / 78135 / 86

Blood Pressure for Men over 40

Age GroupAverageMinimumMaximum
40 - 44 Years125 / 83112 / 79137 / 87
45 - 49 Years127 / 84115 / 80139 / 88
Diabetes and High Blood Pressure are Connected

Blood Pressure for Men over 50

Age GroupAverageMinimumMaximum
50 - 54 Years129 / 85116 / 81142 / 89
55 - 59 Years131 / 86118 / 82144 / 90
Yoga for High BP Control

Blood Pressure for Men over 60

Age GroupAverageMinimumMaximum
60 - 64 Years134 / 87121 / 83147 / 91

The same reading mentioned above are now shown in the form of a graph to make it more understandable. Using this blood pressure graph you can easily understand how average blood pressure of men increases with age. 

Normal Blood Pressure of Men
Normal Blood Pressure of Men

Why Does Normal Blood Pressure of Men Increases with age ?

It is a common question that arises in the mind of every men. Why does normal blood pressure increases with age. There is no specific reason for that but most common reason is stiffness of arteries. Our Arteries stiffens as we age which increase the normal blood pressure on the walls of arteries. At younger age our arteries and veins have more elasticity and thus they can bear more pressure. Whenever we run, the normal blood pressure increases to some extent and our blood vessels bear it due to their elasticity.

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Can we keep the elasticity as we age ?

Yes, if we workout regularly and have a healthy diet then certainly it will help in keeping the elasticity of our blood vessels. Usually we stop doing physical work as we age. During childhood we play a lot and run a lot which keep our blood pressure rising and coming down. But as we age and enter into a career we forget physical activities, now our normal blood pressure rarely rises due to a physical workout and our blood vessels looses their elasticity in a few decades. So if you keep doing some physical exercises on regular basis then it will help your blood vessels in keeping their elasticity and maintaining your normal blood pressure.

We suggest you to workout daily. Then you will not need to worry about you your age group of 30, 40, 50, 60 or more. Most of the diseases in elder people are related to blood pressure, so it will help you in keeping all of them away. 

Why Does Blood Pressure increase with Age

Hypertension is a medical condition where blood pressure reaches above 140/90. Blood pressure of a healthy person should be 120/80. In today's world we most often notice people in their 40s and 50s affected with hypertension. Hypertension is becoming a lifestyle disease today, but these are some aspects of it that make it an age related disease as well. Here we will discuss some ageing related factors that make us prone to hypertension and how we can defy them by adopting a healthy lifestyle.

Why does blood pressure increase with age ?

Our body go through several changes due to ageing. Some of the age related factors responsible for increased blood pressure are described below.
  • Elasticity of blood vessels decreases with age : There are some elastic tissues in the walls of arteries which are lost with age and the arteries become stiffer and lose their capability to expand themselves when heart pumps the blood. It increases the systolic blood pressure with age.
  • Eating higher amount of salt : Salt has direct link with blood pressure. More salt in diet means increased blood pressure. Efficiency of our taste buds decreases with age and some people start eating more salt which increases their blood pressure gradually.
  • Body's ability to process salt decreases : As we age our body's ability to process salt decreases gradually. It makes our blood stream retain sodium in higher quantity which increases blood pressure.
  • Decreased kidney function : Kidney function decreases with age so our body releases some hormones to make our body retain more sodium and water in blood and other body cells. This excess sodium increases blood pressure.
  • Change in hormones :  Some hormonal imbalance may occur with age which may lead to increased blood pressure. Women are more prone to such hormonal imbalance due to menopause.
  • Decreased efficiency of heart : Our heart is directly connected to blood pressure. Its ability to pump the blood and its ability to fill blood in its chambers decreases with age which can hypertension with age.
  • Decreased blood volume : In some cases the blood volume decreases with age. However decrease in blood volume is linked to lowering of blood pressure (hypo-tension) but reverse usually happens in such some cases of old age and the person gets affected with hypertension.

Lifestyle changes that can be done to maintain right blood pressure

  • Active lifestyle is a key factor to maintain good blood pressure
  • Eat adequate amount of salt
  • Exercise regularly
  • Elasticity of blood vessels can be maintained till a higher age if you exercise regularly.
Some researches have found that size of our heart increases with age. It is because of the increase in the size of heart muscles with age. Walls of heart chambers also become thick. Totally it increases the capacity of heart chambers. So it takes longer to fill blood in them. It causes a decrease in pulse rate. As we discussed earlier that elasticity of arteries decrease with age. Both of these factors may result in hypertension as the quantity of blood pumped becomes more and elasticity of blood vessels is decreased. It is one of the reasons behind lower pulse rate and increased blood pressure in old age people.

Blood Pressure & Short Tempered Behavior

We often correlate short tempered behavior of a person with high blood pressure. But is it correct to correlate them. Can High Blood Pressure lead to short tempered behavior or vice-versa ? Most of the people think that there is some link between high blood pressure and anger. We tried to find some researches done on this subject and bring you the actual information based on facts. Anger is a part of human behavior and often researched to know its consequences on the person itself. Here we have collected some interesting information that connects your blood pressure with short tempered behavior.

Does an Increase in Blood Pressure makes a person short tempered ?
The direct answer is No. Hypertension can't make a person short tempered. Sometimes on temporary basis some event might trigger both. Something that makes you angry can also increase your blood pressure. But just an increase in blood pressure can't make you angry.

Does short tempered behavior increases the blood pressure ?
Yes, short tempered behavior can easily increase your blood pressure. If you have a healthy body then that increased blood pressure might not harm you, but anger increases the chances of heart attack five times. If you are already a patient of hypertension then you should definitely worry about your short tempered behavior, as you are risking your own life due to it.

How does short tempered behavior increases our blood pressure ?
Usually short tempered behavior is caused due to some stress. In the condition of stress our body releases some stress hormones (adrenaline and cortisol) to handle the stress. These hormones create a temporary effect of increasing the heart rate and contracting the blood vessels and our body enters into a fight or flight mode, which increases the blood pressure temporarily. As the stressful situation goes away, our body returns to normal mode and blood pressure is lowered.

If stressful situation and short tempered behavior occurs occasionally and you have a healthy body to handle that increased blood pressure then it won't harm your body. But if you are already suffering from some cardiovascular disease then it can increase the chances of heart attack up to five times. Even if you have got a healthy body but short tempered behavior is becoming a regular habit of yours then it can easily keep your blood pressure at an elevated level throughout the day, which can lead to serious side effects for your body.

Instead of letting the stress igniting your short tempered behavior, motivate yourself to sort things out by talking. Anger only complicates the things. Any problem in the world can be solved by talking with each other and finding a solution. Peace in your behavior will make your body a peaceful place for your soul to live.

How much Salt should one eat ?

Salt has a direct effect on blood pressure of a person, which makes it more important to be taken in controlled amount. But how much amount of salt should be taken by a healthy person to keep his/her blood pressure within normal range ? We will try to answer this question in this article. Usually the salt we eat is Sodium chloride (NaCl). But Sodium and Chlorine are not the only components in it. There are various other minerals and one them is Iodine. All components of the table salt are important for our body.

The salt that is prepared by evaporating the sea water is composed of following chemical compounds.

  • Sodium chloride 77.76 %
  • Magnesium chloride 10.88 %
  • Magnesium sulfate 4.74 %
  • Calcium sulfate 3.60 %
  • Potassium chloride 2.46 %
  • Magnesium bromide 0.22 %
  • Calcium carbonate 0.34 %

Apart from the above minerals Iodine is usually mixed in it to save people from thyroid related diseases.

All of the chemical compounds listed above are necessary for our body and so does salt. But the question is how much is sufficient and which amount can make us sick.

How much Salt should one eat ?
2300 mg of sodium is present in one teaspoon or 6 grams of salt which is adequate for an adult per day. According to some surveys today an average person is eating 8 to 9 grams of salt per day which is around 50% more than required. According to WHO 5g of salt per day is sufficient for an adult.

Why do our body need salt ?
On an outer level salt is necessary for taste. But if we look at our body internally then Sodium ions play an important role in electrical signalling of our nervous system. Salt is also necessary for Water/Fluid balance within our body. Blood sodium level of our body should be always between 135 and 145 mEq/L (milliequivalents per liter).

What are the harmful effects of overeating of salt ?

  • Increased Blood Pressure (Hypertension): Long term overeating of salt can lead to high blood pressure.
  • Hypernatremia: If blood sodium level reaches above 145 mEq/L then brain cell shrinkage may occur and cause confusion, muscle twitching or spasms. Seizures and comas may occur in this medical condition.
  • Death may occur if salt is consumed is very large amount of more than 1 g per kg of body weight.
  • Edema (fluid retention) may occur due to high salt intake, but this condition can be reversed by lowering your salt intake.
  • Stomach Cancer: Stomach cancer is related to high level of sodium in body.

Effects of lack of Salt in our diet ?

  • If an adult eats less than 3g of salt per day then it can lead to cardiovascular diseases and early death.
  • Hyponatremia: If blood sodium level falls below 135 mEq/L then it causes brain cells to swell which results in altered personality, lethargy, and confusion. Seizures, coma, and death may occur if blood sodium level falls below 115 mEq/L. Hyponatremia may occur if a person consumes very large amount of water without any salt intake, which is known as Water Poisoning.

Salt is a highly necessary content of a balanced diet and getting it in too high or too low amount can cause side-effects on your health. So be health conscious and eat it in the prescribed amount. 

How to keep your Blood Pressure in Check with Increasing Age

Increasing age often comes with a number of diseases and hypertension (high blood pressure) is one of them. We start feeling ourselves older when we are affected by age related diseases. Often medication becomes the final way keep your blood pressure in check. But if you start preparing yourself for that a little earlier than old age might not affect your body that much. How to keep your blood pressure in check with increasing age is a question that comes in mind of most of us. Here we are providing some simple tips and techniques to help you with your blood pressure and increasing age.

How to keep your Blood Pressure in Check with Increasing Age

  • Balanced Diet: A balanced diet is something that you body needs to stay fit. For some people it is hard to stick to it. Sometimes you get some calories more just because it was your favorite dish, or it was a birthday cake. In such a case do some physical activity to burn those extra calories as well. Balanced diet also means keeping you liquor and salt intake in check. Both liquor and salt have harmful effect on blood pressure if taken in excess amount.
  • Remain Active: Being active not only burns calories and also provides exercise to your complete body. It not only help in keeping blood pressure in check but also makes your joints fit for a longer life. An active men/women never feels the age.
  • Exercise Regularly: Exercising regularly is one of the best activity that can be part of your daily routine. It is not necessary to do weight training to stay fit. Even some light exercises will work.
  • Running/Jogging: If you don't like being in a gym then running/jogging can also help.
  • Yoga / Meditation: Yoga and Meditation are well known for their good effect on blood pressure. Some deep breathing yoga can instantly lower the high blood pressure. Yoga for High Blood Pressure.
  • Keep your weight in check: It is the target of all physical activities mentioned above. Physical activities burns calories and thus your can't get the extra fat which increases the weight. Increased weight has direct effect on blood pressure. An overweight person can't stay away from hypertension for a longer period.
  • Other Physical Activities: Any physical activity that burns calories can help you with your increasing age. Either it is some sports you are interested in or it is just swimming for fun. Choose some activity that makes you happy and also burns your calories.
  • Quit Smoking: Smoking and tobacco has direct effect in increasing your blood pressure. So restrict yourself and try to quit smoking to have a better life. 

Prepare for Increasing Age

Get a BP Monitor, so that you can keep an eye on your number and consult a doctor if you find the readings unusual.
Weighing machine to measure your weight regularly is also recommended. If you find your weight increasing then either you are eating more or doing lesser physical activities. Measure your weight regularly as it helps you in examining your fitness level yourself.
Don't be inactive after Retirement. It is the most common reason for increasing weight and then hypertension. Even if you are retired from office, you can do some gardening to get get fresh vegetables, you can do some walking or cycling, you can play with kids, tell them stories through your experiences, teach them for a few hours in the evening.
Try to stay happy: Sadness in your behavior can easily let age leave its mark on you. A happy behavior don't let you age. Moments of happiness and sadness are part of every person's life but it is you who choose to keep any one of these feeling always with you. Be positive and make happiness a part of your behavior and it will not only keep your blood pressure in check but also make you look younger.

Age is just a number. If you are confident of living a healthy life and take all measures to remain healthy then age can not leave its effect on you. Color of your hair might change but don't let your inner being age. Being happy is another and most important key to not let you age. So be happy and stay fit.

Why Making Love is good for your Heart and Blood Pressure !

You might have heard this fact that making love is actually good for your blood pressure. But most of us don't known how does it help in keeping our blood pressure in control and whats the science behind that. Getting intimate with your partner is actually the best medicine for blood pressure. It not only cures it, but sometimes it can also act as a therapy for those who are already suffering from hypertension. The facts collected by are well researched from internet with an intention to increase the your knowledge about the good effect of love for your heart health. Keeping your blood pressure in control increases your life expectancy and reduces the chances of heart attack to a great extent.

Why Making Love is good for your Heart and Blood Pressure

  • Aerobic exercises are beneficial for your heart health. Aerobic exercises are those workouts in which we use our big muscles in a rhythmic and continuous way. During love making we use most of our big muscles in the rhythmic and continuous way, thus it can be considered as a good aerobic workout.
  • Regularly getting intimate keeps our weight under control and reduces the chances of being obese and further suffering from some heart disease. Obesity is itself considered a disease in US.
  • Love Making keeps our testosterone and estrogen hormones in balance. It save us from heart diseases in long run.
  • Indulging in a love activity releases oxytocin hormone in women, which has a direct effect in lowering the blood pressure.
  • Just like smoking and high cholesterol diet there are some other factor like stress, anger, anxiety, and loneliness which are considered as a risk factor for heart attack. While getting intimate our body releases Endorphins which gives us a feeling of euphoria or well being and saves us from stress, anger, anxiety and loneliness. Thus our chances of heart attack are also reduced.
Making Love is the best Medicine (Organic with No Side Effects)

Is it dangerous to make love if you are suffering with hypertension ?
No, there is no danger in that. However making love increases your blood pressure for a few minutes but so does a number of other tasks. Even if you have ever heard of anybody suffering a heart attack while making love, then its just a coincidence. But if you are suffering with hypertension and still using some enhancement pills like Viagra then it may be dangerous. If your doctor have suggested you abstain from such activity due to hypertension (however it happens rarely), then its better to listen to him.

Previously we used to say that love resides in our heart. But today we can say that if we keep loving somebody (with physical relation as well) then it keeps our heart young, and its scientifically proven now. 

How Exercise affects your Blood Pressure

To know the effect of exercise or workout on our blood pressure its better to study the blood pressure of athletes. Its a well know fact and proved in various research studies that normal blood pressure of athletes is lower than a non-exercising person. Its because the cardio vascular system of an athlete is far better and effective than others.

How Exercise affects your Blood Pressure

  • A single session of Aerobic exercises or some moderate intensity exercises can lower your resting blood pressure and this effect can last up to 22 hours. This study was published in March 2014 journal of "Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise".
  • Exercising can temporarily increase your blood pressure, but in a normal human being its not something to worry about. It will just increase the power of your heart and increase elasticity of blood vessels.
  • When we exercise on regular basis, our heart pumps more blood at that time and temporarily increases the blood pressure. It makes our heart stronger and it pumps more blood with less effort compared to a normal human being. This whole thing decreases our resting state blood pressure.
  • Usually our blood pressure increases with age due to various factors. One of these factors is reduction of elasticity of blood vessels. But exercising on regular basis can help in not getting our blood pressure increase with age.
  • Regular exercising can reduce the Systolic Blood Pressure (the upper reading) by 4 to 9mmHg . This effect is equivalent to taking some medication for blood pressure. So if you can reduce it without medicines then why don't you exercise.
  • Blood Pressure of a healthy human being should be always less than 120/80 . If its slightly above than that, then its time for you to take some step and lower it.
  • Apart from all of the above facts, exercise can help you in getting rid of extra fat. Obesity is the major reason behind high blood pressure. Reducing your fat can directly save you from a number of heart diseases.

So from now onward adapt a drug free approach to lower your blood pressure. If its possible with routine exercise then why should we take medicine for that. You may do any type of exercise that you like. It may be running, jogging, power-lifting, swimming, aerobics or yoga. Its not necessary to run a marathon or being a body builder to lower your blood pressure. Just being active is the main motive of doing exercise.
If you are already a patient of hypertension (high blood pressure), still you can do mild exercises to help yourself. But its better to consult your specialist before starting it.

We hope that all these facts collected by us will help you in lowering your blood pressure.

High Blood Pressure in Children

High Blood Pressure occur in Children for the same reasons as in adults. Most common reason behind High Blood Pressure in Children in Obesity. Obesity can be due to any reason such as heredity, some disease, over eating or inactivity. Most researched reason behind obesity in kids is Inactivity. This inactivity is a result of technology. Obesity and inactivity is most popular among the kids in developed countries. Due to that reason the most of the children suffering from High Blood Pressure belong the developed nations. Here we will discuss all the reasons behind High Blood Pressure among kids.

Reasons behind High Blood Pressure among Kids

  • Obesity: Obesity is a common problem among kids in developed nations. The hard work that their ancestors have done is making them doing nothing. Its leading to obesity among children. Obesity is one of the main reasons behind High Blood Pressure among children just like adults.
  • Inactivity: Inactivity is main reason behind Obesity. Thus its an indirect factor contributing to High BP among kids.
  • Technology: Now a days kids are not going to playground, instead they like like to play on gaming consoles. Technology can do both good and bad for mankind. Here its a bad effect. Technology is making us lazy, especially kids. Todays kids have seen remote controls for everything since their birth. So they take it as a birth right to do everything with a remote. They don't even like to play with their feet on ground (it will make them dirty), instead they feel like a hero after winning a game on X-box. Thus the technology is gifting them with Inactivity and Obesity.
  • Over Eating: Over eating is another common reason behind High Blood Pressure. Over Eating starts when parents don't keep an eye on what their kids are eating. Children can easily grow a habit of eating junk food. Sometimes technology also helps them in over-eating. For example if you are eating while watching TV, then you will definitely eat more. This extra food is deposited in your body as Fat leading to High Blood Pressure.

How We can save our Children from High Blood Pressure

Simplest way to save your kids from High Blood Pressure is to keep their body with correct height-weight ratio. Its easy to say that, but in reality it may be tough, especially if your kid has already gained enough weight to be called Obese. Here are a few tips to keep your children in good shape.

  • Encourage your children to play in ground instead of X-box. Try to play yourself with them, just to make them adjust into this habit. In free time tell them the merits and demerits of playing on ground vs playing on X-box.
  • Don't eat in front of TV: Usually we eat much more in front of TV. When we eat while watching TV, we drink less water and don't know when its above our usual appetite. This results in overeating and later obesity. We should respect our food and give proper time and attention to what we are eating. Eating time should always be different from TV time and the dining table should not be in the same room where TV is located.
  • Tell them to use technology only when needed. Now a days everything have its remote control, but a lot of things can be used manually. Try to operate most of the appliances without remote (if it can be done). Technology is to assist us, not to make us its slave.
  • Don't make eating a Hobby: Eating is just a necessity of our body. However the taste matters sometimes, but eating should not become a hobby. Eating should be after some regular intervals. Minimum 3 times eating is sufficient for our body. You may design your diet schedule according to your work and doctors advice.  

Deep Breathing to reduce High Blood Pressure

Breathing exercises are well known for their good effect in lowering the high blood pressure. Here we will put some light on this topic that how it happens and which breathing exercises can be done to reduce the high blood pressure.

What happens to our breathing during High Blood Pressure

Usually during the state of high blood Pressure our breathing becomes fast and shallow. Normally a person don't notice it, as it just happens. In such condition we don't take full breath, which is required for the body. Due to this condition our body parts face lack of oxygen supply, which makes the condition worst. In such a state more blood is pumped to brain, which is already in lack of oxygen. Kidney function is also reduced and less amount of sodium is extracted out of blood by them. totally it makes the blood acidic and changes occur in blood gases.

Deep Breathing

Deep Breathing in itself is one of the best exercises to reduce stress and high blood pressure. Whatever you are doing, if you feel stress or some elevation in your BP, you can instantly start taking deep breaths and you will feel getting normal again.

How deep breathing helps your body in lowering Blood Pressure

  • Deep breathing relaxes our body by activating the parasympathetic system.
  • Deep breathing provides sufficient oxygen to all body parts and salt is extracted out of blood stream efficiently by kidneys.
  • Just 6 deep breaths can reduce the systolic blood pressure (the upper reading) by 10mm Hg.
  • Our breathing rate and heart rate are directly related to each other. So decreasing the speed of breath by taking deep breaths will automatically reduce our pulse rate and helps in reducing blood pressure.

Types of Deep Breathing

  • Abdominal Breathing / Belly Breathing: When we take deep breaths our lungs fill will air and our abdomen also expands to provide space for that air. But some health conscious people don't ever do it. Usually people keep their stomach flat to look slim. They work hard to get best 6-pack-abs. But a tight stomach is a barrier in deep breathing. So don't make your stomach muscles too hard. Being slim with a healthy weight is good but too tight stomach is not good. When we take deep breaths our abdomen / belly region should also expand. Once our belly region is filled with air, then our chest rises upwards. Its the correct deep breathing. Now when you exhale you should let the air go out itself. Don't force the air to go out. There should be around 6 deep breaths in a minute.  
  • Alternate Nose Breathing: In this type of deep breathing air is inhaled from one nostril and then exhaled via other. Next time differnt nostrils are used to inhale and exhaled. This cycle continues for 10 to 15 minutes. Thumb and index finger are used to block the required nostrils. In India people call it Anulom-Vilom Pranayam.
  • Pranayams: These are a group of Yoga Exercises that are basically based on breathing. They are worth trying to reduce the High Blood Pressure. Yoga Exercises to reduce High Blood Pressure.
  • Guided Breathing: This type of breathing is done with the help help of some device wich monitors your BP and breathing. These devices can instruct you and help you in deep breathing and also shows the readings of blood pressure getting reduced.

Pregnancy and Blood Pressure

Blood Pressure variations often occur during pregnancy. Here we will try to put some light on the reasons behind it. Both High or Low Blood Pressure can happen during pregnancy. We will discuss the reasons behind both of these conditions.

High Blood Pressure during Pregnancy

High Blood Pressure is a condition when your blood pressure reading goes above 140/90. Several factors can cause high blood pressure. We have provided a list of reasons behind High Blood Pressure during Pregnancy.

Reasons behind High Blood Pressure during pregnancy:

  • Being Obese or Overweight.
  • Being a Smoker
  • Inactivity
  • Alcohol Drinking
  • First Time Pregnancy
  • Carrying more than one Child
  • History of Kidney diseases in family. 
  • Getting pregnant after 40 Years of Age.

Our lifestyle has a lot to do with high blood pressure. Being Obese, being a smoker and being a drinker is self invitation to high BP.  Being Obese or being Inactive are also related to each other and both of them are also bad for a pregnant woman. These factors can be controlled by adopting a healthy lifestyle. However some factors are unavoidable such as getting pregnant after age of 40 Years, or having a family history of hypertension or kidney diseases. Sometimes carrying twins can also become a reason behind High BP. So if the reason behind high BP is one of last 3 reasons then its better to consult a good gynecologist.

Low Blood Pressure during Pregnancy

Low Blood Pressure during pregnancy is also a common phenomena. Usually this condition is at its peak in the middle of second trimester. During low BP a pregnant women may feel lightheadedness, dizziness and even fainting. Some women feel sudden lowering of BP while standing up or rising up from bed.

Reasons behind Low Blood Pressure during Pregnancy

  • Expansion of circulatory System: As the circulatory system of baby develops inside the womb, the body fluids are shared between mother and child which leads to low BP.
  • Hormonal Changes: Some Hormonal changes dilate the blood to make it easier to flow. It can also cause low blood pressure. 

A Few lifestyle changed should be done by pregnant women to deal with Low BP conditions. here are a few tips:

  • Just sit down or lie down if you are feeling that you are about to faint. It will save you from falling and also also save you from harming the baby and yourself.
  • Lying on the left side will increase blood flow to the heart and save you from low BP condition.
  • Don't be fast while standing up from a seated or lying position.

Note: If you feel that your condition is getting worst, then don't hesitate in contacting your gynecologist. Don't try to be a doctor yourself.

Yoga for High Blood Pressure Control and Treatment

Yoga is Considered as one of the best alternative treatments for High Blood Pressure (Hypertension). Yoga Guru "Ramdev" has made yoga even more popular around the world in past few years. Here we will tell you about a few yoga postures / exercises that can help you in treatment of High Blood Pressure and control it to live a normal life.

Baba Ramdev Yoga for High Blood Pressure

Baba Ramdev Yoga mostly consists of Pranayams. Pranayams are yoga breathing exercises. High Blood Pressure patients should ensure that they don't do these breathing exercises very fastly. Instead BP patients should do pranayam with slow deep breaths. Its better to consult your doctor and practice pranayam with the help of an expert. Here is a list of few 'Baba Ramdev Yoga' (pranayams) for High Blood Pressure.

  • Bhastrika Pranayama
  • Kapalbhati Pranayama
  • Bahya pranayama
  • Anulom Vilom Pranayama and Nadi Shodhan
  • Bharmari Pranayama
  • Udggeth Pranayama
  • Pranav Pranayama
  • Shavasan

Seetkari Yoga Pranayama

Seetkari Yoga Pranayama is another pranayam to effectively lower the High Blood Pressure. As its name symbolizes its meaning, "seetkari" means cooling. It provides a cooling effect to the body  and helps in lowering the Blood Pressure

How to do Seetkari Pranayam

  • Sit straight with elongated spine.
  • Take 5 deep breaths.
  • Now close your teeths and expand your lips and inhale the air through tour mouth. It will be like a smiling face, but no teeth showing. Air should be inhaled through teeths with a hissing sound. Inhale air deeply though your teeths and exhale through nose.
  • Doing it for 5 to 10 minutes will provide a cooling effect.

Precaution: If you are suffering from or prone to cold or respiratory diseases then you should not practice seetkari pranayam.

List of yoga poses for High Blood Pressure is mentioned on the page given here. Read More

Yoga Poses to be avoided by High BP Patients

There are a few yoga poses that should be avoided by High BP patients. Most of them are those poses in which there is extreme pressure on body and are not easy to do. If you feel yourself uncomfortable in a posture then you should not do it. If your are a High BP patient then you have to practice yoga poses to calm down the body and reduce fat. But if the yoga pose is taking you to your limits then its not for you. A few postures to be avoided are: Dhanurasana, Ustrasana, Adho Mukha Vrksasana, Natarajasana and many more. Complete list can be given here. So its best to get the list of yogasans that can be done by you with the help of a yoga teacher.

Note: If you are practicing some regular medication for High Blood Pressure, then don't stop it to practice yoga. You may continue your medication with yoga. Some researches done on this topic has shown that even if yoga don't show any improvement in your Blood Pressure condition, it will help you in improving your quality of life.

Acupressure Points for High Blood Pressure

Acupressure is a well known alternative therapy to treat various diseases. Its practiced from past thousands of years. Millions of people believe in it and use it treat medical conditions in a natural way. Here we will discuss how to treat High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) through Acupressure.

Acupressure Points for High Blood Pressure

There are acupressure points throughout our body. Different point are meant to treat different diseases. Here we have listed a few acupressure point which are know to help in reducing High Blood Pressure.

Gb 20 (Wind Pool)

Location of Gb20 point: This point is at the base of your skull on your neck. When you bend your head forward and then back again, you will be able to identify a depression on both sides of spinal cord. Wind Pool (Gb 20) is in these depressions.

How To Apply Pressure: Use the thumbs to apply the pressure, and hold it for around a minute. Gradually apply and release the pressure with deep breaths.

Benefits of Gb 20: Its beneficial in getting relief from headaches, neck stiffness, pain and colds

Li 11

Location of Li 11 Point: This Point is located on the outer side of the elbow, at the end of elbow crease.

How to Apply Pressure: Applying steady and strong pressure for 1 minute and then do the same on other arm.

Benefits of Li 11: It lowers high blood pressure, reduce heat and inflammation. It is also used to treat menstrual issues and blood circulation problems.

Li 4

Location of Li 4 Point: This point is also known as Union Valley. It is located in the webbing between the forefinger (index finger) and the thumb.

How to Apply Pressure: Apply pressure until you feel a mild discomfort. Press it for 20 to 30 seconds and then release.

Benefits of Li 4: This point balances blood flow throughout the body and clears stagnation. This point is used in various other problems like toothache, eye problem, skin problem, sinus and improving immunity. It should not be used on a pregnant women as it can induce labor prematurely.

ST 36

Location of ST 36 Point: Also known as Leg Three Miles. It is located four finger widths below the lower edge of the kneecap and one finger width towards the outside of shin bone.

How to Apply Pressure: Apply firm pressure on the point for 1 minute.

Benefits of ST 36: This point tonify the blood, treat digestive disorders, general weakness, lower leg pain, asthma, PMS symptoms, depression and insomnia.

LV 3

Location of LV 3 Point: It is situated on the top of the foot, on the web margin of skin between the big toe and the second toe. Hypertension and blockages in the liver meridian are connected to each other and stimulating LV 3 helps in clearing the liver meridian.

How to Apply Pressure: Apply firm pressure on the point for 1 minute.

Benefits of LV 3: It cures hypertension, eye problems, menstrual issues, male impotence, anxiety, irritability, and insomnia.

HT 7

Location of HT 7 Point: It is positioned at the wrist crease, on the radial side of the flexor carpi ulnaris tendon. This acupressure point is also termed as Spirit Gate.

How to Apply Pressure: Apply firm pressure using thumb.

Benefits of HT 7: It is used to treat heart problems like angina, irregular heartbeat, pounding heart, sleeping disorders, anxiety, mania and insomnia.

Alternative Medicines for High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)

Alternative Medicines for High Blood PressureAlternative Medicines are those treatments which are usually known as home remedies or those therapies which are not a part of modern medicines. Such treatments are usually not encouraged by doctors as these treatments don't have any significant research or authorized practitioners behind them. However in some cases these alternative medicines work either because they are really effective or because we believe in them very strongly (or may be both).

A number of people use alternative medicines to get relief from high blood pressure and get benefits at very low cost and in a natural way. Here we have collected some facts about alternative medicines for High Blood Pressure (Hypertension).

Herbs for Reducing High Blood Pressure

Lets begin with some herbs which are found effective in reducing the blood pressure readings.

  • Basil: Its a medicinal herb with various medicinal qualities (according to ayurveda). Its leaves can be added to pastas, soups, salads, and casseroles.
  • Cinnamon: It enhances the flavor of stir-fries, curries, and stews and also reduces the high blood pressure.
  • Cardamom: Its a common spice used in India and South Asia. Its seeds or the powder can be used in soups and stews, and even in baked goods for a special flavor.
  • Hawthorn: Its a trditional chinese medicine and it prevents clot formation and increases blood circulation.
  • Celery Seed: Another chinese traditional medicine. It acts as a diuretic, which itself explains its effect on blood pressure.
  • Cat's Claw: It is a chinese herbal medicine and it reduces blood pressure by acting on calcium channels in your cells.
  • Flaxseed: This herb is rich in omega-3 fatty acids and it lowers the blood pressure significantly.
  • Garlic: It can reduce the blood pressure by making blood vessels to relax and dilate. However its pungent smell is unbearable for some people but this herb have a good reputation in reducing BP.
  • Ginger: It reduces the blood pressure by relaxing the muscles near blood vessels.
There are some therapies as well which are known to help in reducing the hypertension. We will put some light on them after telling about some diet changes which can really help you in the best way to keep your BP under control.

  • Eat more Fruits and Vegetables.
  • Foods rich in magnesium, potassium, and calcium help in maintaining good blood pressure.
  • Avoid sweets and food with high saturated fat.

Some physical activity can also help in maintaining your High Blood Pressure under control.

  • If you are physically active then it reduces your chances of developing High BP as a disease irrespective of your age.
  • Even if you are a patient of High BP still some mild exercises will help you in keeping it under control. (Consult your physician regarding that).
  • Some researches suggest that Yoga, Tai-chi and some breathing exercises can help you in dealing with High Blood Pressure. 
Some Lifestyle Changes can also bring your blood pressure back on track. Some of the changes are:

  • Reducing your Weight
  • Limit Alcohol Intake
  • Quit Smoking

Some people also try to use acupressure and acupuncture to get relief from high blood pressure. There is some suspense on effectiveness of these techniques as no scientific researches are done yet to confirm them.

Diseases caused by High Blood Pressure

High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) is one of the worst silent killers of mankind. A number of diseases have connection with high blood pressure. Here we will discuss some diseases which are caused due to Hypertension.

  • Kidney is an organ which is worst affected by high blood pressure. Our kidney filters out the toxins out of our blood. Our blood pressure plays an important role in this filtration process. Due to high pressure the process of filtration is slowed down as arteries are narrowed and pressure of blood is increased. To overcome this condition our heart exerts even more pressure. The condition becomes worst when kidney stops functioning (Renal Failure). In that case dialysis is necessary an kidney transplant is suggested by doctors.
  • High blood Pressure can cause bleeding from arteries inside retina and it can cause blurred vision or complete vision loss. Its known as retinopathy.
  • Coronary Artery Disease is also caused due to high blood pressure. One of the main reasons of High Blood Pressure is narrowing of arteries. It reduces the amount of blood and oxygen supply to some important organs. When Coronary Arteries (the arteries supplying blood to heart muscles) suffer from this reduced supply of blood and oxygen then its caused Coronary Artery Disease. In the worst condition it can result into heart attack or heart failure and ultimately death. Know the difference between Heart Attack and Heart Failure.
  • Blood pressure damages your arteries. When the narrowing of arteries occur, it stiffens your arteries and some fatty deposits occur inside the walls of arteries, its called arteriosclerosis. It occurs throughout the arteries in body and it can affect functioning of any organ like arms, legs, brain, kidney. There is a second way in which blood pressure hurts the arteries, its called aneurysm. In aneurysm the outer layer of arteries in cracked due to high pressure from inside and the inner lining of artery bulges out. If such bulges rupture then it can cause threat to your life.
  • Sometime blood pressure can cause damage to brain functioning. The reduce blood flow and oxygen supply can cause memory problems. Some times when some clot inside the arteries stop the blood supply to brain then ministroke or stroke can occur. Brain disease like dementia can also occur due to high BP resulting in problems with thinking, speaking, reasoning, memory, vision and movement.
  • Apart from the above discussed complications due to high blood pressure there are many more. But ultimate and most well known effect of high blood pressure is heart attack and heart failure.

We hope that after knowing about all these ill effects of high BP you will try to lower it down and help yourselves in living a health and long life.

Low BP Symptoms, Causes and Treatment (Home Remedies)

Low BP

Low BP (Blood Pressure) is a condition in which pressure of blood on the walls of arteries is lower due to some reason. There may be several reason behind this condition. Here we will discuss the symptoms, causes and some home remedies (treatment) for Low BP. If you feel the symptoms of low BP then you should immediately get it checked and get its treatment.

How much BP is considered Low ?

There are two readings taken while measuring the BP. First is called Systolic, which means the pressure on arteries when heart pumps the blood. Second is Diastolic, which is pressure on arteries while heart relaxes. The normal BP is 120 / 80 for an average human being. Here 120 is Systolic and 80 is Diastolic. If it goes below 90 / 60 then its consider as Low BP. Even if any one of the reading goes below the mentioned limit then its considered as Low BP. For example if the BP is measured 115 / 50 then it is Low BP.  

Low BP Symptoms

Low BP symptoms are usually easily visible but we take them as usual tiredness and need to rest. Low BP symptoms are listed below, and if you notice them then either get it checked or measure your BP using a electronic BP Monitor. Here are some Low BP Symptoms:
  • Fatigue
  • Dizziness or lightheadedness
  • Lack of concentration
  • Fainting (syncope)
  • Cold, clammy, pale skin
  • Blurred vision
  • Nausea
  • Rapid, shallow breathing

Low BP Causes

Low BP can be caused due to some medical conditions and some medications as well. We will mention both of these. 

Here are some medical conditions that can cause Low BP:
  • Pregnancy: The expansion of circulatory system of mother due to presence of baby causes the BP to drop. It becomes normal after giving birth.
  • Heart problems: Heart Attack, heart valve problems and some other heart problems can lower the BP.
  • Endocrine problems: Some Thyroid conditions, adrenal insufficiency (Addison's disease), low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) and diabetes can cause Low BP.
  • Dehydration: During Dehydration your body loses more water than it takes in. Even the water in the Blood is reduced leading to lower blood volume which leads to lower BP. It is called hypovolemic shock which can even cause death.
  • Septic Shock: When an infection in body enters the blood stream (called Septicemia) then it can lower the BP to a life-threatening level called Septic Shock.
  • Severe Allergic Reaction: Anaphylaxis ( a severe and potentially life-threatening allergic reaction) can cause breathing problems, hives, itching, a swollen throat and a drop in blood pressure.
  • Lack of nutrients in your diet: A lack of the vitamins B-12 and folate can cause decrease in umber of red blood cells resulting in anemia and causing Low BP.

Some medications can also cause Low BP, so its better to keep checking you blood pressure if you are using any of these types of medication:

  • Diuretics (water pills)
  • Alpha and Beta blockers
  • Some Drugs for Parkinson's disease
  • Some antidepressants

Type of Low BP

Low BP is also called Hypotension. There are various types of Low BP which are described below. These types may also help you understand Low BP.

  • Orthostatic or Postural Hypotension: Low BP on standing up from a lying position. It causes dizziness and blurred vision. Its due to lack of blood supply to brain as more blood flows towards legs due to gravity.
  • Postprandial Hypotension: It is Low BP after eating. Higher amount of blood flows towards digestive system after eating. Usually heart rate increases after eating, but it doesn't in people suffering from Postprandial Hypotension.
  • Multiple System Atrophy with Orthostatic Hypotension: It is Low BP due to nervous system damage.

Low BP Home Remedies

These home remedies can work if you are not a severe patient of Low BP. You may try it, but if you facing Low BP problem again and again then its better to consult a doctor and get it diagnosed.
Here are a few home remedies for Low BP:
  • Salt Water: Sodium in Salt increases the BP.
  • Coffee: Its a temporary treatment of Low BP but don't become habitual of it as there are some side effects of caffeine. 
  • Raisins: Its an Ayurvedic treatment. Soak 30 to 40 Raisins in water overnight and take them in morning one by one. You may also drink the water in which raisins were soaked.
  • Holy Basil: Holy Basil contain Vitamin C, Magnesium, Potassium, and Pantothenic Acid which are benefitial for Low BP patients. It also reduces stress and calms the mind.
  • Licorice root: If your low BP is caused due to low level of Cortisol then Licorice Root can benefit you. You can prepare Licorice root tea by boiling one teaspoon of Licorice root (dried or powdered) in a cup water for five minutes.
  • Almonds: Soak five almonds in water overnight, peel off them in morning. Make a paste of them and then boil it with a cup milk. Drink one-cup every day.
  • Carrot Juice: Drinking one glass of carrot juice with two teaspoons of honey twice daily can improve your Low BP.

Relation between Diabetes and High Blood Pressure

Diabetes and High Blood Pressure are two most common diseases in the world. Every second patient over 35 years of age is suffering from any one of these diseases. Most of these patients are suffering from both of these diseases. Some of them are aware of this fact while some don't. If you are suffering from both of these then you should do your best to control it, else it may lead to some critical conditions.

Relation between Diabetes and High Blood Pressure

If you are suffering from Diabetes then it might lead to High Blood pressure if you don't take care of your diet. Sometimes Diabetes causes atherosclerosis (narrowing of the arteries), and if its not treated on time then it can cause high blood pressure. You should keep checking your blood pressure if you are a patient of Diabetes. It should be less than 130/80 mmHg. If its above this limit then consult you doctor to lower it.

Results of Diabetes with High Blood Pressure

Diabetes with high blood pressure can lead to some critical conditions which are listed below.
  • Diabetic Eye
  • Kidney problems
  • Coronary Artery Disease (heart disease)
  • Strokes
  • Peripheral Vascular Disease (narrowing of the arteries in the legs and feet)
  • Heart failure
Diabetic Eye can even cause blindness. Its one of the worst effects of diabetes with high blood pressure. It damages the blood vessels in retina and also damages the optic nerve leading to complete blindness.
Kidney Problems are also common in such patients.

How High Blood Pressure can be treated in Diabetic Patients?

ACE (Angiotensin Converting Enzyme) inhibitors are used to treat high blood pressure in diabetic patients. These ACE medicines have also shown positive results to delay Kidney Diseases in diabetic patients.
Diuretics or Water Pills are also used to treat High Blood Pressure in Diabetic Patients.

How High Blood Pressure can be prevented in Diabetic Patients?

To prevent High Blood Pressure in Diabetic Patients they should practice the following things in their daily routine.
  • Quit Smoking
  • Eat a healthy diet
  • Maintain a healthy body weight as per the BMI scale
  • Exercise Regularly
  • Eat less salt than normal person.
If you practice these things then you can avoid being a patient of High Blood pressure and live a healthy life with diabetes.

Blood Pressure - Something that Everybody should know about

Did you know that high blood pressure is the same as hypertension. It actually the medical term for high blood pressure. High blood pressure has no signs or symptoms. The only way to know if you have high blood pressure is to get tested.

By taking steps to lower your blood pressure, you can reduce your risk of heart disease, stroke, and kidney failure. Lowering your blood pressure can also help you live a longer, healthier life.

What is blood pressure?

Blood pressure is how hard your blood pushes against the walls of your arteries when your heart pumps blood.

Arteries are the tubes that carry blood away from your heart. Every time your heart beats, it pumps blood through your arteries to the rest of your body.

How can I get my blood pressure checked?

To test your blood pressure, the nurse or doctor will put a cuff around your upper arm and pump up the cuff with air until it feels tight.

This usually takes less than a minute. The doctor or nurse can tell you what your blood pressure numbers are right after the test is over.

You can also check your own blood pressure with a blood pressure machine. You can find blood pressure machines in malls, pharmacies, and grocery stores.

What do blood pressure numbers mean?

A blood pressure test measures you how hard your heart is working to pump blood through your body.

Blood pressure is measured with 2 numbers. The first number is the pressure in your arteries when your heart beats. The second number is the pressure in your arteries between each beat, when your heart relaxes.

Compare your blood pressure to these numbers:

Normal blood pressure is lower than 120/80 (said “120 over 80”).
High blood pressure is 140/90 or higher.
Blood pressure that’s between normal and high (for example, 130/85) is called pre hypertension , or high normal blood pressure.

Am I at risk for high blood pressure?

One in 3 Americans has high blood pressure. Most Americans over age 40 are at risk.

You may be at extra risk for high blood pressure if you:

  • Are overweight or obese
  • Smoke
  • Have a family history of high blood pressure
  • Eat foods high in sodium (salt)
  • Get less than 30 minutes of activity on most days
  • Drink more than a moderate amount of alcohol (2 drinks a day for men or 1 drink a day for women)