Showing posts with label Blood Pressure. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Blood Pressure. Show all posts

Orthostatic Hypotension : Low Blood Pressure as you Stand up

Orthostatic Hypotension is a form of low blood pressure which occurs when a person stands up from sitting or lying posture. In medical terms, if systolic blood pressure decreases by 20mmHg or diastolic blood pressure decreases by 10mmHg within 3 minutes of standing up from sitting or lying posture then it can be diagnosed as Orthostatic Hypotension (also known as Postural Hypotension). Usually it occurs due to old age, but there are various other medical reasons which make it happen. Here we will try to understand them and know if it can be treated.

Orthostatic Hypotension can make you feel dizzy or lightheaded as you stand up. If such episodes occur for less than a few minutes after standing up, then it is considered as mild symptoms, but if it occurs more often or last for longer duration than you should immediately consult a doctor. In some cases it can make you faint, so it should be taken seriously.

Baroreflex is our body's homeostatic mechanism which keeps our blood pressure at nearly same readings, in whatever posture we are. Baroreceptors (a part of autonomic nervous system) senses the stretch in blood vessels as our body posture changes and our brain increases or decreases pulse rate and blood pressure to keep it at an optimum level.

How Orthostatic Hypotension happens ?

When stand up suddenly, gravity comes into action and pools the blood in our legs and abdominal region, which decreases the blood pressure in upper body. In a healthy person baroreceptors located near heart and neck, sense this lower blood pressure and increase the pulse rate to take blood pressure to an optimum level. Usually this whole action get started within seconds and a healthy person don't even notice anything. But if this thing takes a little longer and blood pressure remains on lower side even after 2 to 3 minutes then it is considered as Orthostatic Hypotension.

There may be various reasons behind Orthostatic Hypotension, some of which can be easily treated or avoided but some reasons are related to medical conditions. Here we have tried to list all of the common reasons behind Orthostatic Hypotension .

  • Dehydration : Dehydration is lack of water in our body, which decreases the total volume of blood thus causing low blood pressure. Dehydration can be caused by not drinking enough water, fever, diarrhea, vomiting, a lot of sweating or too much exercising without drinking any fluid. Orthostatic Hypotension caused due to dehydration can be treated and avoided by drinking enough water throughout the day.
  • Heart Problems : Bradycardia, a medical condition of low heart rate can cause low blood pressure while standing up. Similarly heart valve problems, heart attack and heart failure can cause Orthostatic Hypotension.
  • Nervous system disorders : Our body's blood pressure is controlled by baroreflex, which is regulated by our nervous system. So nervous system disorders can directly affect our body's ability to control ups and downs of blood pressure.
  • Diabetes: Diabetes damages our nervous system and may damage those nerves that regulate blood pressure. Chances of orthostatic hypotension increases in long term patients of diabetes.
  • Endocrine Disorders: Endrocrine glands system play an important role in proper functioning of our body by secreting a number of hormones as per need of body. Hormone disorders can cause diseases like diabetes and nervous system damage, which may also cause orthostatic hypotension.  
  • Low blood pressure after eating meals (also known as postprandial hypotension) can also cause orthostatic hypotension.
  • Lengthy bed rest on regular basis is also considered as a possible reason behind orthostatic hypotension.

Some reasons like dehydration and lengthy bed rests can be avoided or treated ourselves but for other possible reasons it is necessary to see a doctor and treat the actual medical condition.

Orthostatic Hypertension : Increase in Blood Pressure as you Stand up

As the title suggests, Orthostatic Hypertension is a rise in systolic blood pressure due to sudden change in body posture like standing up. It is also known as Postural Hypertension. According to medical guidelines if your systolic blood pressure rises by 20mmHg as you stand up from sitting posture, then you are suffering from Orthostatic Hypertension. Here we will discuss the possible reasons of this medical condition and its treatment.

Baroreflex is our body's homeostatic mechanism which keeps our blood pressure at nearly same readings, in whatever posture we are. Baroreceptors (a part of autonomic nervous system) senses the stretch in blood vessels as our body posture changes and our brain increases or decreases pulse rate and blood pressure to keep it at an optimum level.

What causes Orthostatic Hypertension ?

There are various reasons behind Orthostatic Hypertension. Some of them are listed here.

  • Age: The prevalence of Orthostatic Hypertension increases with age. 16.3% of older hypertension patients suffer with Orthostatic Hypertension as well. Among general population above 20 years of age, prevalence of Orthostatic Hypertension is around 1.1%.
  • Essential Hypertension: is a type of hypertension due to no known reasons. Patients of Essential hypertension are also prone to Orthostatic Hypertension.
  • Type 2 Diabetes is also a major cause of Orthostatic Hypertension as diabetes causes nervous system damage.
  • Excessive venous pooling: Venous pooling is a normal phenomena as blood pools in the legs and abdominal area due to gravitational pull. But excessive venous pooling results in less cardiac output. It can increase pulse rate and blood pressure while standing up, thus causing Orthostatic Hypertension.
  • Anorexia Nervosa
  • Hypovolemia
  • Renal arterial stenosis (narrowing of the kidney arteries)
  • Aortitis (inflammation of the aorta)
  • Pheochromocytoma

Risks : Orthostatic Hypertension increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases and stroke.

Diagnosis : Orthostatic Hypertension can be diagnosed through tilt table test.

Treatment : There is no proven treatment of Orthostatic Hypertension due to various reasons associated with it. Hit and trial method is generally adopted by treating the underlying reason behind this disease, which differs from person to person.

Which arm is best for Blood Pressure measurement

If you are one of those who think that blood pressure can be measured through any arm, then you might be mistaken. Usually medical professionals measure blood pressure through left arm of the patient. But why is it done so ? Why can't we measure it through right hand ? These are very simple questions that can appear in mind of any person of scientific attitude. will try to answer them and increase your knowledge about your body.

Blood Pressure is higher in dominant arm

Blood Pressure can be measured through any arm. However it is little bit higher in dominant arm. Most of the people are right-handed, hence left arm is preferred to measure blood pressure to get the better reading. Sometimes you should get BP checked in both of your arms to check the arm-to-arm difference.

More difference between arm-to-arm blood pressure

Small difference between arm-to-arm blood pressure is normal. If you observe that the difference between blood pressure in both of your hands is more, then you should get yourself checked by a specialist. Difference of around 5 points in systolic pressure is normal. But if it is more than 10 points then you should be more aware about your heart health, as your chances of heart diseases is more than an average person. 

If you are ever diagnosed with more arm-to-arm blood pressure difference then you should always get your blood pressure checked with that arm which shows higher blood pressure and get appropriate treatment. Usually higher arm-to-arm difference may be an indication of :

  • Blocked arteries in your arms (peripheral artery disease)
  • Kidney disease
  • Heart defect

Blocked arteries in your arm may show some visible symptoms like tightness, weakness, heaviness or cramping in that arm. Finger pain and sensitivity to cold are some of the other symptoms. Rarely fingers of the affected arm may turn pale or blue due to blockage. So such symptoms should not be ignored. Measuring blood pressure in both of your arms can be used to diagnose this disease at home.

Our kidneys perform blood filtration and high blood pressure is directly related to their performance and capacity. Some researches have shown that high blood pressure in any one arm may be a symptom of kidney disease.

Heart defect like narrowing of the aorta (main artery that comes out of heart) may result in a selective elevation in blood pressure. So you should consult a cardiologist if higher blood pressure is found in one arm only.

Conclusion: In a healthy person there is a very minor difference in arm-to-arm blood pressure. Usually dominant arm shows little bit higher BP. If the difference is more than 10 points (systolic) then you should consult a cardiologist and consider the higher BP as the actual blood pressure for further treatment or as suggested by the specialist.

Best Position to measure Blood Pressure (Sitting or Lying Down posture)

Are you one of those people who want to know the best posture to measure blood pressure ? Usually a medical professional measures your blood pressure after you sit comfortably on a chair. But is it the right body position to measure the accurate blood pressure ? Some people believe that blood pressure is measured best while lying on back, as it is the most comfortable position. Here we will try to find if such beliefs really have some actual facts behind it.

Best Position to measure Blood Pressure

Sitting vs Lying Blood Pressure

Mostly blood pressure is measured while sitting on a comfortable chair, and rarely while lying on your back. These two are the most preferred body postures to measure BP. Here the main fact to known is the placement of cuff. In both of these postures, the medical professional places the cuff on your arm after adjusting your arm's height in level of your heart. Even if you are sitting on a chair, your arm is usually placed on a table so that the cuff can be wrapped at the level of your heart. If the heart-level factor is adjusted properly then either you measure the blood pressure while sitting or lying down, your results will be almost same.

Lying vs Standing Blood Pressure

In a healthy person there is nominal difference in blood pressure either lying or standing, if it measured by taking care of heart-level factor. But in older people and diabetic people this statement might not be true. If the person is suffering from postural hypotension then the difference can be quiet high.

Sitting vs Standing Blood Pressure

Usually our blood pressure drops a little bit as we stand up from sitting or lying posture. This difference usually increase as a person gets older. So sitting blood pressure and standing blood pressure might not differ much in a healthy young adult, but it can create more difference in readings of older people or those who are suffering from other medical conditions, such as diabetes and hypertension.

Several researches have been done on measurement of blood pressure and upper arm is the best place to measure it while sitting on a comfortable chair with proper support for your back and feet on floor. In our last article we listed some common mistakes often done while measuring blood pressure. You must read it to get the most accurate readings even while measuring BP at home.

Conclusion : Your body position causes very minor difference in your blood pressure if you are a healthy young adult. This statement is applicable only if you are not above 50 years of age and not suffering from lifestyle diseases or cardiovascular diseases.

Common mistakes while measuring Blood Pressure

Blood Pressure monitors are now being used at home and every person seems to be an expert in taking the BP readings. Instead of being overconfident one must read about the following common mistakes that are made while measuring blood pressure. Some of these mistakes are not just made at home but also at the hospitals. If you read this article then you can easily pin-point such mistakes and correct the error commonly made while measuring blood pressure.

Regular inaccurate readings can make you misdiagnose your normal health as hypertension. So don't fall prey to inaccuracy in blood pressure measurement. Here is a list of common mistakes made while measuring blood pressure along with the impact that those mistakes make in the readings.

  • Never stop your urge to urinate just before a blood pressure measurement. A full bladder can increase your readings by 10 to 15 points.
  • Talking while measuring your blood pressure can increase readings by 10 points. Even talking on phone have the similar effect. Sit quietly for 5 minutes beforehand to get the best BP readings.
  • Smoking should be avoided for 30 minutes before blood pressure measurement. 
  • Unsupported back or feet can increase your readings by 6 to 10 points. Make sure that you are at rest for a few minutes before measurement, so that your BP can lower itself to normal state. If you measure it just seconds after sitting, then your readings will still be higher than actual. If you are in sitting posture than make sure that your feet are flat on floor (not swinging in air).
  • An undersized or over-sized cuff can also give inaccurate blood pressure readings by 2 to 10 points.
  • Unsupported arm can increase the blood pressure readings up to 10 points. Make sure that your arm is properly supported and is at the level of your heart.
  • Never measure your blood pressure just after waking up in morning. At that time your blood pressure might be lower that normal. So if you don't want to fool yourself with lower readings, then don't measure your BP at that time. However you can measure it after getting fresh and drinking water, so that your body comes out of sleep mode. Best time to measure BP
  • If you wrap the cuff over some clothing on arm, then it can increase your BP readings by 5 to 50 points, depending on the type of clothing. So any type of cloth on your arm can make a huge error in blood pressure measurement. So nothing should be between your bare arm and the cuff.
  • Sitting with crossed legs while getting your blood pressure measured can increase it by 8 points. So always uncross your legs at such time and put them on floor for proper support.
  • If you measure it just after having a meal of caffeine drink then your blood pressure will be on higher side and these things keep your BP high for at least 30 minutes.
  • If you measure your blood pressure after a workout session then it might be most inaccurate, unless your intentionally wanted to check it. 
Note: Our blood pressure is very dynamic as it can change 10 to 20 points within seconds. So sitting quietly for at least a minute before measurement is extremely important. Rechecking the blood pressure after a few minutes is also a good practice. If the first number (systolic) differs by 10 points in second measurement, then you should go for third measurement. Average of these readings is the most accurate blood pressure. 

If you take care of the about points while getting your blood pressure measured then most probably you will get the accurate result unless there is a fault in the equipment. Avoiding these common mistakes while measuring your blood pressure can save you from unnecessary medication.

When to measure Blood Pressure (Best time to measure BP)

Our blood pressure have got a pattern. Usually it goes up during daytime and lowers during night. It is highest just after the afternoon and lowest in the early hours before sunrise. Our blood pressure begins to rise even before we get up. So you can say that it goes up and down with our biological clock. If you are struggling to find the best time to measure your blood pressure to get to best possible readings then that time will be 1 hour before you get up in the morning. How to get it measured at that time is a real challenge.

If you don't want to fool yourself and really conscious about your heart health, then we will tell you when you should measure you BP. Instead of focusing on getting the minimum possible readings, your motive should be to get that reading which shows your actual heart health.

When to measure Blood Pressure ?

Instead of searching for "when to measure your blood pressure", your first priority should be to measure blood pressure properly. Especially if you are a device at home, then make sure that it measures the blood pressure properly. To do so either get it checked by a medical practitioner, or take at least 2 to 3 readings at the same time, and check if all those readings are nearly same.

Now come to the "When". Best time to measure blood pressure is twice in a day. Once in morning before having breakfast and once in evening.

Measuring Blood Pressure in Morning

  • Never measure it just after getting up. Give yourself some time, drink water, answer the natural calls and give your body sometime to come out of sleeping mode and then measure your blood pressure. 
  • If you workout in morning then measure you blood pressure before workout.
  • Make sure that you measure BP before eating anything or drinking any caffeine drink or alcohol.

Measuring Blood Pressure in Evening

  • Try to measure it at the same time every evening.
  • Don't eat or drink (apart from water) for 30 minutes before taking measurement.

Record your blood pressure readings on regular basis and take the following precautions.

  • Use same arm everyday for measuring blood pressure.
  • While measuring your BP you should sit quietly and don't think about anything that makes you aggressive.
  • During measurement your arm should be placed at heart level. If you are sitting then place your hand on a table of appropriate height. You may use a pillow under your hand to properly adjust the height.
  • While putting the cuff on your arm, make sure that it is not wrapped above any cloth. Cuff should be wrapped on bare skin.

Note: Never make any changes in your mediation if you find your blood pressure readings normal at home. You should consult your doctor before making any changes in medication. However you may show your blood pressure records to the doctor, which may help him/her in understanding your heart health better.

How Calcium deposits in Arteries can cause Heart Problems

You must have heard about Cholesterol causing blockage in arteries, but calcium buildup can also cause much severe blockage which can result in heart attack. Calcium buildup in arteries is similar to bone formation, which is hard enough and harder to be penetrated by a stent, which is usually used to remove blockages in arteries. In this article we will try to find more facts about this calcium buildup, its possible causes and its treatment.

99% Calcium in our body is present in the form of our teeth and bones. Calcium is also necessary for normal functioning of muscles, nerves and blood vessels. Remaining 1% calcium remains in blood stream, fluids inside the cells and outside the cells. Calcification (calcium buildup) can occur in any part of body without any increased blood calcium level, so it is harder to predict it. Kidney stones are also a type of calcification that occur in kidneys. Calcium intake in the form of food or dietary supplement (for bone strength) is not linked to calcification in body.

How Calcium Buildup occurs in Arteries

Calcium is main constituent of our bones. Calcium buildup in arteries is similar to bone formation and usually very hard to break or dissolve. Two types of cells are responsible for bone formation and bone elimination. Osteoblasts are bone-producing cells, while Osteoclasts are bone-eliminating cells. These cells are also found in our blood stream in proper balance. Vascular calcifying progenitor cells in our blood have got the potential to become osteoblasts or osteoclasts. If osteoblasts count goes up due to some reason then it becomes a risk factor that hardens our arteries and may lead to formation of calcium deposits in arteries, which can lead to cardio-vascular diseases and heart attack in severe cases.

How Calcium Buildup in Arteries can be reversed ?

Calcium Buildup in Arteries is known as Calcification or Atherosclerosis. However some treatments are available, but majority of scientific community believes that plaque buildup of any kind (either cholesterol or calcium) can't be reversed, but can be prevented. Most of the treatments to remove the buildup are invasive.
Researches are still going on to find which chemicals can help progenitor cells in becoming Osteoclasts (bone-eliminating cells). Sca-1 and PDGFRa are cell surface protein found on these progenitor cells. Some cells contain just Sca-1 protein, while some cells contain both of these proteins. If the cell contain just Sca-1 protein then it it can transform into both osteoblasts or osteoclasts,  while when progenitor cells has got both of these proteins then it becomes only osteoblasts (bone producing cells).
Researchers have also found that when they treat these cells with another protein called PPARy, then only Sca-1expressed cells transformed in Osteoclasts (bone-eliminating cells). This treatment not just cured the symptoms in mouse, but also reversed the condition and cause the softening of arteries which previously hardened due to calcification.

What causes Calcification in body ?

  • If a person goes through surgery, radiation, trauma, infection, injury or a cyst then some fat cells die in the affected region of body. When these fat cells die, they release fatty acids that combine with calcium to form deposits. Arterial calcification can occur if some injury occurs inside the artery or due to some damaged tissues inside the artery.
  • High levels of calcium inside the blood stream can also cause calcification in arteries and other body parts, as after a certain level calcium can't remain dissolved in blood and start to form clots.
  • Hyperparathyroidism: It is a hormonal disorder that causes breakdown of calcium from bones and put that calcium into blood stream.
  • Sometimes tumors and some other medical conditions also cause release of more calcium in blood stream causing calcification.
  • Kidney Failure can also increase blood calcium level
  • More dietary intake of Vitamin D causes more absorption of Calcium from diet, that may also cause increased calcium level in blood.

Risk factors for Calcification in Arteries or Atherosclerosis

  • High blood pressure
  • High levels of sugar in the blood
  • Smoking
  • High levels of cholesterol

Symptoms of Calcification in Body

There is no particular symptom of calcification. But weakness, nausea, vomiting, poor appetite, confusion or drowsiness are sometimes reported by patients. However these symptoms are also caused due to a number of other medical conditions, so they are often ignored.

What reduces Calcification

  • Green Tea, Black Tea and Ginger Tea are considered good for heart health.
  • Regular Exercise also reduces the chances of any type of plaque build up.
  • Smoking damages the  arterial walls, which leads to calcification. So if you quit smoking then it is a major step to save yourself from calcification.
Note: Once your arteries have got plaque built-up, then any medication or lifestyle change is just a minor help. So instead of being in such condition, it is better to prevent such condition. Exercise regularly and eat a balanced diet.

How Bacteria can Clog up our Arteries ? Its not your Diet !

Usually people think that unbalanced diet rich in fat and cholesterol is responsible for heart problems, and blockage in arteries occur only due to increased weight caused by fatty diet or lack of physical activity. But this thinking might not be true any more. Some researchers have found that:
  • A number of people even with high-fat diet and increased weight never develop heart disease.
  • Some people even with correct BMI (Body Mass Index) develop blockage in arteries and heart problems.
  • Sometimes a sudden stress initiates heart attack in a healthy person.
These two factors made medical community think again about any other possible reason of blockages in blood vessels. Some recent researches have found that even some bacteria can clog up arteries.

Bacterial Lipids causing blockages

Researcher at University of Connecticut collected atheroma samples from several patients that were getting treated in hospitals. Atheroma is accumulation of degenerative material in the inner layer of artery wall. The lipids in that atheroma contained chemical signatures that can't come from an animal. Instead that chemical signature belong to a bacteria of Bacteroidetes family. It simply suggests that those bacteria were responsible for clogged up arteries. Researchers used modern mass spectrometers to find that these depositions are actually bacterial lipids. Chemical makeup of human lipids are totally different from them.

Researchers have found that bacterial lipids are considered as a foreign material by the body and in response inflammation is triggered which makes blockage more severe. This fact makes such blockages more severe.

Human body is home for millions of bacteria, as most of them are good for us. Bacteria of Bacteroidetes family usually resides in our mouth and gut. Usually they don't harm us, but occasionally they can cause gum disease. However these bacteria can't enter our blood stream, but the lipids secreted by them can penetrate through cell wall and enters our blood stream. Later it can cause blockages.

Bacteria causing Heart Attack when accompanied with Stress

Previously people used to think that emotional or physical stress can trigger heart attacks, but there was no scientific explanation for that. Recently researchers at Binghamton University in New York found that those bacteria which reside in the plaque-covered arteries can be held responsible for such heart attacks. No doubt that fatty deposits, known as plaques, are the main reason behind heart problems, but the activity done by these bacteria that survive in the plaque-covered arteries is equally important. Researchers believe that stress make some chemical changes in our blood, which make these bacteria also release some enzymes that causes rupturing of the plaque. The ruptured plaque later get stuck in some artery of heart and causes heart attack. This research was published in the journal mBio.
It does not mean that every stress will lead to heart attack. It happens only when arteries are already plaque-covered. Every stress in the life of such person initiates the rupture process, but a sudden stress of high intensity can be a major cause of heart attack. However research is still going on to further investigate this phenomena.

Both of the above researches show us that still we need to know a lot more about our body. Today medical science in advancing at a great pace. Instead of relying completely on it, we should take care of our body by regular workout. A regular workout can save you from heart problems. Prevention is always better than cure.


Effect of Gender on your Blood Pressure (Men vs Women)

Men have comparatively higher blood pressure compared to women. However this trend continues only till menopause in women. After menopause both men and women share the similar chances of developing high blood pressure and diseases related to it. But for a major part of life women have lower chances of developing hypertension. Researches were done to know more about this gender difference in blood pressure.

The body of men and women are very different in terms of metabolism and hormones. In some researches it was found that blood pressure of women remain 6-7% less during both physical activity and mental stress. There are several reasons behind this higher BP in men. Some of the known reasons are described below.
  • Stroke Volume: It is the amount of blood pumped by left ventricle of our heart. Women have lower stroke volume (SV) compared to men, which is a major reason behind comparative lower blood pressure in women.
  • Peripheral Resistance: It is resistance produced by arteries against the blood flow. This resistance must be overcome by force of blood to keep it flowing. When we are at some mental stress, the peripheral resistance increases automatically. Women have comparative lower peripheral resistance even during high stress level, which let their blood pressure remain low compared to men.
  • Intra-abdominal fat: It is the fat content in the abdominal region. Men ten to have more intra abdominal fat compared to women. This type of fat can be present in men irrespective of the obesity, as it is the fat content between the internal organs of abdomen. This type of fat content is directly related to BP level. Thus it is one of the reasons for higher blood pressure in men.
  • Dyslipidemia: It is the abnormal amount of triglycerides, cholesterol and/or fat phospholipids in the blood stream. Dyslipidemia is more common in men compared to women, which may also lead to higher blood pressure.
  • Smoking and Drinking Habits: In most of the societies men are more inclined towards habit of smoking and drinking, which directly affect the blood pressure.
Apart from the above mentioned reasons, some researchers believe that difference between male and female hormones is also responsible for difference in blood pressure levels. The overall conclusion is that women can keep their blood pressure low without much effort. You may also conclude from it that women don't loose control of their mind as easily as men do and it might be one of the reasons behind comparatively cooler nature of women.

New High Blood Pressure Guidelines | Stages of Hypertension

New High Blood Pressure Guidelines

In year 2003 the definition of High Blood pressure was set as above 140/90 mmHg. But in some cases it was found that even the readings lower than that can be harmful if they retain for long durations. So after a wait of 14 years the American Heart Association changed the definition of High Blood Pressure in 2017. Now anything above 130/80 will be considered as high blood pressure.

New Stages of Hypertension / High BP

  • Normal: Less than 120/80 mm Hg.
  • Elevated: Systolic between 120-129 and Diastolic less than 80.
  • Stage 1: Systolic between 130-139 or diastolic between 80-89.
  • Stage 2: Systolic between 140 - 179 or diastolic at least 90 - 119 mm Hg.
  • Hypertensive crisis: Systolic above 180 and/or diastolic over 120.
Earlier Elevated and Stage 1 were known as a single stage "Prehypertension".

Prehypertension is Eliminated

Earlier the readings between 120/80 to 140/90 were considered as prehypertension, which means that the chances of being a high BP patient are present there. But the truth was that people never notice this stage. Most of the times people come to know about that only when they have jumped from prehypertension to High BP. However doctors suggest even a healthy person to get his/her blood pressure checked at regular intervals (weekly or monthly), but people ignore it. So this category of prehypertension was not acting as anything. Experts believed that eliminating this category, will be beneficial for both patient and society.

13% instant increase in number of patients

However these changed definitions will bring 13% more individuals into the "high plood pressure" community. Most of the new patients due to this change in categorization are among the age group of 25 to 45. Earlier people use to neglect the 130/80 mark , as they used to take it normal. But the changed definition will tick an alarm to get it treated. Earlier one-third population of US was considered as patient of Hypertension, but now this percentage has increased to 46% by a mere change in definition. This is sufficient to tell you about the seriousness of these new guidelines.

Not to increase medicine sale

However some of you might have a notion that it will increase the anti-hypertension medicine sale. But the truth is that the new comers in this category will be advised to make lifestyle changes to lower their blood pressure and save themselves from being a permanent patient of Hypertension. So these changes in definition might be beneficial for general population in long run and it will decrease the usage of blood pressure medication with a few years.

If people start taking their medical condition seriously then it will not only benefit their own health but their medical expenditure will also be saved in future. It can be beneficial for both, the individual and the nation. Heart Diseases are one of the major killers in US. This changed categorization of blood pressure will make people understand the seriousness of connection between hypertension and heart diseases.

Record for Highest Blood Pressure

Sometimes some blood pressure machines show such high readings which are not meant to believe. People often recheck their BP again on the same machine to verify it. But the best way is to get it checked on some other machine or get it checked at a medical clinic. Sometimes the BP Machines at home show incorrect readings either due to fault in equipment or incorrect measuring technique. We all know that blood pressure rises whenever we do some physical work. But there is always a limit, up to which your blood pressure will rise. Have you ever wondered about the the highest ever recorded blood pressure of a man or woman.

If you are going to find the record for highest blood pressure then it can be put into two categories.

  • While the subject is in resting position for sometime.
  • While the subject is doing extreme physical work.

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Usually the blood pressure is measured in resting position except when you are going through cardio. If you measure the BP of a healthy man, who is running on a treadmill then the readings will be much higher. Usually the upper reading (systolic blood pressure) is affected by exercise. Diastolic BP is usually not affected as it is the pressure on arterial walls when heart is not beating. During exercise systolic BP readings may increase from 120 mmHg to 200 mmHg, and still it is considered normal. Holding your breath during heavy lifting (which is often done by heavy weight lifters) may increase your blood pressure to dangerous levels of 480/350, which can sometimes be life threatening. Regular exercise and endurance training can decrease your resting blood pressure and it may remain lower than normal in daily life.

Maximum Heart Rate (MHR)
MHR = 220 - Age
It means that a 35 year old person can achieve a heart rate of 185 (220-35) while exercising. It is recommended that you should stay between 55% to 85% of your MHR to get best from your exercises. Targeting for your 100% MHR can result is too high blood pressure, which might be risky.

Record for Highest ever Blood Pressure recorded

Resting blood pressure rises only during medical conditions. Rising of diastolic blood pressure is considered more harmful than systolic. Blood pressure level of 180/110 while resting is considered dangerous and medical attention is necessary in such condition. While searching for a record of highest ever blood pressure recorded, we found nothing like that as it is nothing to be proud of. Instead it is a serious medical condition which should be treated as soon as possible with proper medical care. We came across a number of comments on different websites where users told that their BP rose to readings like 234/136. Record levels of blood pressure are often found in patients of stroke and heart attack.
If you ever found any high blood pressure readings, then you may write about it in the comments section below.

Normal Blood Pressure for Men over 30, 40, 50, 60 Years

Normal Blood Pressure of Men is usually considered as 120 / 80 . It is not a correct reading for all age groups of men. There is a lot of difference between the normal blood pressure of a men in age group of of 30 - 35 and a men in age group of 60 - 65. There are several reasons for this difference in normal blood pressure of men. Usually the normal blood pressure increases with age. We will provide complete blood pressure chart for all age groups of men ranging from 20s to 80s .
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Note: BMI is a standard unit to measure obesity level.

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Normal Blood Pressure for Men

The table below contains the normal blood pressure of men in a tabular form. It contain both maximum and minimum measurements of blood pressure for different age groups of men.

Blood Pressure for Men under 20

Age Group : 15 - 19 Years
Average BP : 117 / 77
Minimum BP : 105 / 73
Maximum BP : 120 / 81
How does Love saves your Heart from Blood Pressure

Blood Pressure for Men over 20

Why Does Normal Blood Pressure of Men Increases with age ?

It is a common question that arises in the mind of every men. Why does normal blood pressure increases with age. There is no specific reason for that but most common reason is stiffness of arteries. Our Arteries stiffens as we age which increase the normal blood pressure on the walls of arteries. At younger age our arteries and veins have more elasticity and thus they can bear more pressure. Whenever we run, the normal blood pressure increases to some extent and our blood vessels bear it due to their elasticity.

Can we keep the elasticity as we age ?

Yes, if we workout regularly and have a healthy diet then certainly it will help in keeping the elasticity of our blood vessels. Usually we stop doing physical work as we age. During childhood we play a lot and run a lot which keep our blood pressure rising and coming down. But as we age and enter into a career we forget physical activities, now our normal blood pressure rarely rises due to a physical workout and our blood vessels looses their elasticity in a few decades. So if you keep doing some physical exercises on regular basis then it will help your blood vessels in keeping their elasticity and maintaining your normal blood pressure.
Age Group : 20 - 24 Years
Average BP : 120 / 79
Minimum BP : 108 / 75
Maximum BP : 132 / 83

Age Group : 25 - 29 Years
Average BP : 121 / 80
Minimum BP : 109 / 76
Maximum BP : 133 / 84
Blood Pressure Chart for Women over 20

Blood Pressure for Men over 30

Age Group : 30 - 34 Years
Average BP : 122 / 81
Minimum BP : 110 / 77
Maximum BP : 134 / 85

Age Group : 35 - 39 Years
Average BP : 123 / 82
Minimum BP : 111 / 78
Maximum BP : 135 / 86

Blood Pressure for Men over 40

Age Group : 40 - 44 Years
Average BP : 125 / 83
Minimum BP : 112 / 79
Maximum BP : 137 / 87

Age Group : 45 - 49 Years
Average BP : 127 / 84
Minimum BP : 115 / 80
Maximum BP : 139 / 88
Diabetes and High Blood Pressure are Connected

Blood Pressure for Men over 50

Age Group : 50 - 54 Years
Average BP : 129 / 85
Minimum BP : 116 / 81
Maximum BP : 142 / 89

Age Group : 55 - 59 Years
Average BP : 131 / 86
Minimum BP : 118 / 82
Maximum BP : 144 / 90
Yoga for High BP Control

Blood Pressure for Men over 60

Age Group : 60 - 64 Years
Average BP : 134 / 87
Minimum BP : 121 / 83
Maximum BP : 147 / 91

The same reading mentioned above are now shown in the form of a graph to make it more understandable. Using this blood pressure graph you can easily understand how average blood pressure of men increases with age. 

Normal Blood Pressure of Men
Normal Blood Pressure of Men

Love is the best Medicine (Organic with No Side Effects)

We suggest you to workout daily. Then you will not need to worry about you your age group of 30, 40, 50, 60 or more. Most of the diseases in elder people are related to blood pressure, so it will help you in keeping all of them away. 

Why Does Blood Pressure increase with Age

Hypertension is a medical condition where blood pressure reaches above 140/90. Blood pressure of a healthy person should be 120/80. In today's world we most often notice people in their 40s and 50s affected with hypertension. Hypertension is becoming a lifestyle disease today, but these are some aspects of it that make it an age related disease as well. Here we will discuss some ageing related factors that make us prone to hypertension and how we can defy them by adopting a healthy lifestyle.

Why does blood pressure increase with age ?

Our body go through several changes due to ageing. Some of the age related factors responsible for increased blood pressure are described below.
  • Elasticity of blood vessels decreases with age : There are some elastic tissues in the walls of arteries which are lost with age and the arteries become stiffer and lose their capability to expand themselves when heart pumps the blood. It increases the systolic blood pressure with age.
  • Eating higher amount of salt : Salt has direct link with blood pressure. More salt in diet means increased blood pressure. Efficiency of our taste buds decreases with age and some people start eating more salt which increases their blood pressure gradually.
  • Body's ability to process salt decreases : As we age our body's ability to process salt decreases gradually. It makes our blood stream retain sodium in higher quantity which increases blood pressure.
  • Decreased kidney function : Kidney function decreases with age so our body releases some hormones to make our body retain more sodium and water in blood and other body cells. This excess sodium increases blood pressure.
  • Change in hormones :  Some hormonal imbalance may occur with age which may lead to increased blood pressure. Women are more prone to such hormonal imbalance due to menopause.
  • Decreased efficiency of heart : Our heart is directly connected to blood pressure. Its ability to pump the blood and its ability to fill blood in its chambers decreases with age which can hypertension with age.
  • Decreased blood volume : In some cases the blood volume decreases with age. However decrease in blood volume is linked to lowering of blood pressure (hypo-tension) but reverse usually happens in such some cases of old age and the person gets affected with hypertension.

Lifestyle changes that can be done to maintain right blood pressure

  • Active lifestyle is a key factor to maintain good blood pressure
  • Eat adequate amount of salt
  • Exercise regularly
  • Elasticity of blood vessels can be maintained till a higher age if you exercise regularly.
Some researches have found that size of our heart increases with age. It is because of the increase in the size of heart muscles with age. Walls of heart chambers also become thick. Totally it increases the capacity of heart chambers. So it takes longer to fill blood in them. It causes a decrease in pulse rate. As we discussed earlier that elasticity of arteries decrease with age. Both of these factors may result in hypertension as the quantity of blood pumped becomes more and elasticity of blood vessels is decreased. It is one of the reasons behind lower pulse rate and increased blood pressure in old age people.

Blood Pressure & Short Tempered Behavior

We often correlate short tempered behavior of a person with high blood pressure. But is it correct to correlate them. Can High Blood Pressure lead to short tempered behavior or vice-versa ? Most of the people think that there is some link between high blood pressure and anger. We tried to find some researches done on this subject and bring you the actual information based on facts. Anger is a part of human behavior and often researched to know its consequences on the person itself. Here we have collected some interesting information that connects your blood pressure with short tempered behavior.

Does an Increase in Blood Pressure makes a person short tempered ?
The direct answer is No. Hypertension can't make a person short tempered. Sometimes on temporary basis some event might trigger both. Something that makes you angry can also increase your blood pressure. But just an increase in blood pressure can't make you angry.

Heart Attack Risk Calculator

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Does short tempered behavior increases the blood pressure ?
Yes, short tempered behavior can easily increase your blood pressure. If you have a healthy body then that increased blood pressure might not harm you, but anger increases the chances of heart attack five times. If you are already a patient of hypertension then you should definitely worry about your short tempered behavior, as you are risking your own life due to it.

How does short tempered behavior increases our blood pressure ?
Usually short tempered behavior is caused due to some stress. In the condition of stress our body releases some stress hormones (adrenaline and cortisol) to handle the stress. These hormones create a temporary effect of increasing the heart rate and contracting the blood vessels and our body enters into a fight or flight mode, which increases the blood pressure temporarily. As the stressful situation goes away, our body returns to normal mode and blood pressure is lowered.

If stressful situation and short tempered behavior occurs occasionally and you have a healthy body to handle that increased blood pressure then it won't harm your body. But if you are already suffering from some cardiovascular disease then it can increase the chances of heart attack up to five times. Even if you have got a healthy body but short tempered behavior is becoming a regular habit of yours then it can easily keep your blood pressure at an elevated level throughout the day, which can lead to serious side effects for your body.

Instead of letting the stress igniting your short tempered behavior, motivate yourself to sort things out by talking. Anger only complicates the things. Any problem in the world can be solved by talking with each other and finding a solution. Peace in your behavior will make your body a peaceful place for your soul to live.

How much Salt should one eat ?

Salt has a direct effect on blood pressure of a person, which makes it more important to be taken in controlled amount. But how much amount of salt should be taken by a healthy person to keep his/her blood pressure within normal range ? We will try to answer this question in this article. Usually the salt we eat is Sodium chloride (NaCl). But Sodium and Chlorine are not the only components in it. There are various other minerals and one them is Iodine. All components of the table salt are important for our body.

The salt that is prepared by evaporating the sea water is composed of following chemical compounds.

  • Sodium chloride 77.76 %
  • Magnesium chloride 10.88 %
  • Magnesium sulfate 4.74 %
  • Calcium sulfate 3.60 %
  • Potassium chloride 2.46 %
  • Magnesium bromide 0.22 %
  • Calcium carbonate 0.34 %

Apart from the above minerals Iodine is usually mixed in it to save people from thyroid related diseases.

All of the chemical compounds listed above are necessary for our body and so does salt. But the question is how much is sufficient and which amount can make us sick.

How much Salt should one eat ?
2300 mg of sodium is present in one teaspoon or 6 grams of salt which is adequate for an adult per day. According to some surveys today an average person is eating 8 to 9 grams of salt per day which is around 50% more than required. According to WHO 5g of salt per day is sufficient for an adult.

Why do our body need salt ?
On an outer level salt is necessary for taste. But if we look at our body internally then Sodium ions play an important role in electrical signalling of our nervous system. Salt is also necessary for Water/Fluid balance within our body. Blood sodium level of our body should be always between 135 and 145 mEq/L (milliequivalents per liter).

What are the harmful effects of overeating of salt ?

  • Increased Blood Pressure (Hypertension): Long term overeating of salt can lead to high blood pressure.
  • Hypernatremia: If blood sodium level reaches above 145 mEq/L then brain cell shrinkage may occur and cause confusion, muscle twitching or spasms. Seizures and comas may occur in this medical condition.
  • Death may occur if salt is consumed is very large amount of more than 1 g per kg of body weight.
  • Edema (fluid retention) may occur due to high salt intake, but this condition can be reversed by lowering your salt intake.
  • Stomach Cancer: Stomach cancer is related to high level of sodium in body.

Effects of lack of Salt in our diet ?

  • If an adult eats less than 3g of salt per day then it can lead to cardiovascular diseases and early death.
  • Hyponatremia: If blood sodium level falls below 135 mEq/L then it causes brain cells to swell which results in altered personality, lethargy, and confusion. Seizures, coma, and death may occur if blood sodium level falls below 115 mEq/L. Hyponatremia may occur if a person consumes very large amount of water without any salt intake, which is known as Water Poisoning.

Salt is a highly necessary content of a balanced diet and getting it in too high or too low amount can cause side-effects on your health. So be health conscious and eat it in the prescribed amount. 

How to keep your Blood Pressure in Check with Increasing Age

Increasing age often comes with a number of diseases and hypertension (high blood pressure) is one of them. We start feeling ourselves older when we are affected by age related diseases. Often medication becomes the final way keep your blood pressure in check. But if you start preparing yourself for that a little earlier than old age might not affect your body that much. How to keep your blood pressure in check with increasing age is a question that comes in mind of most of us. Here we are providing some simple tips and techniques to help you with your blood pressure and increasing age.

How to keep your Blood Pressure in Check with Increasing Age

  • Balanced Diet: A balanced diet is something that you body needs to stay fit. For some people it is hard to stick to it. Sometimes you get some calories more just because it was your favorite dish, or it was a birthday cake. In such a case do some physical activity to burn those extra calories as well. Balanced diet also means keeping you liquor and salt intake in check. Both liquor and salt have harmful effect on blood pressure if taken in excess amount.
  • Remain Active: Being active not only burns calories and also provides exercise to your complete body. It not only help in keeping blood pressure in check but also makes your joints fit for a longer life. An active men/women never feels the age.
  • Exercise Regularly: Exercising regularly is one of the best activity that can be part of your daily routine. It is not necessary to do weight training to stay fit. Even some light exercises will work.
  • Running/Jogging: If you don't like being in a gym then running/jogging can also help.
  • Yoga / Meditation: Yoga and Meditation are well known for their good effect on blood pressure. Some deep breathing yoga can instantly lower the high blood pressure. Yoga for High Blood Pressure.
  • Keep your weight in check: It is the target of all physical activities mentioned above. Physical activities burns calories and thus your can't get the extra fat which increases the weight. Increased weight has direct effect on blood pressure. An overweight person can't stay away from hypertension for a longer period.
  • Other Physical Activities: Any physical activity that burns calories can help you with your increasing age. Either it is some sports you are interested in or it is just swimming for fun. Choose some activity that makes you happy and also burns your calories.
  • Quit Smoking: Smoking and tobacco has direct effect in increasing your blood pressure. So restrict yourself and try to quit smoking to have a better life. 

Prepare for Increasing Age

Get a BP Monitor, so that you can keep an eye on your number and consult a doctor if you find the readings unusual.
Weighing machine to measure your weight regularly is also recommended. If you find your weight increasing then either you are eating more or doing lesser physical activities. Measure your weight regularly as it helps you in examining your fitness level yourself.
Don't be inactive after Retirement. It is the most common reason for increasing weight and then hypertension. Even if you are retired from office, you can do some gardening to get get fresh vegetables, you can do some walking or cycling, you can play with kids, tell them stories through your experiences, teach them for a few hours in the evening.
Try to stay happy: Sadness in your behavior can easily let age leave its mark on you. A happy behavior don't let you age. Moments of happiness and sadness are part of every person's life but it is you who choose to keep any one of these feeling always with you. Be positive and make happiness a part of your behavior and it will not only keep your blood pressure in check but also make you look younger.

Age is just a number. If you are confident of living a healthy life and take all measures to remain healthy then age can not leave its effect on you. Color of your hair might change but don't let your inner being age. Being happy is another and most important key to not let you age. So be happy and stay fit.

Why Making Love is good for your Heart and Blood Pressure !

You might have heard this fact that making love is actually good for your blood pressure. But most of us don't known how does it help in keeping our blood pressure in control and whats the science behind that. Getting intimate with your partner is actually the best medicine for blood pressure. It not only cures it, but sometimes it can also act as a therapy for those who are already suffering from hypertension. The facts collected by are well researched from internet with an intention to increase the your knowledge about the good effect of love for your heart health. Keeping your blood pressure in control increases your life expectancy and reduces the chances of heart attack to a great extent.

Why Making Love is good for your Heart and Blood Pressure

Heart Attack Risk Calculator

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  • Aerobic exercises are beneficial for your heart health. Aerobic exercises are those workouts in which we use our big muscles in a rhythmic and continuous way. During love making we use most of our big muscles in the rhythmic and continuous way, thus it can be considered as a good aerobic workout.
  • Regularly getting intimate keeps our weight under control and reduces the chances of being obese and further suffering from some heart disease. Obesity is itself considered a disease in US.
  • Love Making keeps our testosterone and estrogen hormones in balance. It save us from heart diseases in long run.
  • Indulging in a love activity releases oxytocin hormone in women, which has a direct effect in lowering the blood pressure.
  • Just like smoking and high cholesterol diet there are some other factor like stress, anger, anxiety, and loneliness which are considered as a risk factor for heart attack. While getting intimate our body releases Endorphins which gives us a feeling of euphoria or well being and saves us from stress, anger, anxiety and loneliness. Thus our chances of heart attack are also reduced.
Making Love is the best Medicine (Organic with No Side Effects)

Is it dangerous to make love if you are suffering with hypertension ?
No, there is no danger in that. However making love increases your blood pressure for a few minutes but so does a number of other tasks. Even if you have ever heard of anybody suffering a heart attack while making love, then its just a coincidence. But if you are suffering with hypertension and still using some enhancement pills like Viagra then it may be dangerous. If your doctor have suggested you abstain from such activity due to hypertension (however it happens rarely), then its better to listen to him.

Previously we used to say that love resides in our heart. But today we can say that if we keep loving somebody (with physical relation as well) then it keeps our heart young, and its scientifically proven now.