Showing posts with label Diseases. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Diseases. Show all posts

Skin Allergy caused by own Sweat - Cholinergic Urticaria

Some people develop allergy to their own sweat. It usually occurs in warm weather with too much moisture, where sweat does not evaporate, or if a person exercise too much and remain in sweat for hours. In medical terms it is known as Cholinergic Urticaria (UC). The good thing about this allergy is that it can automatically resolve in few hours, just like it appears, if you cool the affected area with ice or cold water. But the bad news is that it can come back again if too much sweating happens again. Here we will discuss the reasons and treatment of Cholinergic Urticaria.

Cholinergic Urticaria (UC)

Cholinergic Urticaria (UC) is an allergy caused by nerve fibers in your sweat glands. If these nerves experience too much sweat and heat, then itchy red hives may appear on your skin. However some conditions give a good reason for UC to appear. Some of them are:

  • Hot Shower
  • Warm weather with too much humidity
  • Wearing tight and skinny clothes
  • Getting nervous and starting to sweat
  • Being in sweat for long durations
  • Stress
Note: Some people may get Cholinergic Urticaria as their body reacts against antibody in their own sweat called immunoglobulin-G (IgG). It can occur in both men and women.

Symptoms of Cholinergic Urticaria

  • Small red bumps with flares or circles
  • Itchy, tingly, and warm sensation
  • Skin can look swollen and blotchy
  • Affect chest, upper back, arms and face
  • Such hives usually fade away after few hours as your body cools down.

Diagnosis of Cholinergic Urticaria
A dermatologist or allergist can diagnose this condition. They may ask you about any food allergies or any other skin allergies in past. You may be asked to run a stationary bike to make you sweat and make the red bumps appear.

Treatment of Cholinergic Urticaria


Antihistamines such as Cetirizine, Loratadine, or Diphenhydramine can be used to treat CU. But of it does not work then you doctor may recommend some steroids for short duration.

Prevention from Cholinergic Urticaria

Prevention is the best advise given by any doctor while treating some allergy. Same thing is here.
  • Avoid warm or too humid environment
  • Wear loose clothes
  • If stress is the reason behind your allergy then try to avoid such situation that make you feel stressed.

Lyme Disease Symptoms and Treatment (Bullseye Rash)

Lyme Disease is mostly known for the bulls-eye rash, which indicates that the infection is spreading.  It is a common tick-borne illness transmitted by the bite of an infected black-legged tick, known as a deer tick. It is a bacterial infection and symptoms appear after 3 to 30 days of deer tick bite. If you have spend some time in grassy or forest area then you are more prone to such bite and infection. Timely recognition of symptoms,  appear in stages and grow severe with time, can get you an early treatment.

Lyme Disease

Lyme disease is spread by an infected deer tick, which are usually very small in size. They must remain attached to your skin for 36 to 48 hours to transmit the bacteria into your body through the bite. If you find an attached tick in swollen condition, then most probably it has done its job and transmitted the bacteria into your body. The bacteria then enters your blood stream. There are four main species of bacteria responsible for lyme disease.

  • Borrelia burgdorferi and Borrelia mayonii (in United States)
  • Borrelia afzelii and Borrelia garinii (in Europe and Asia)

Symptoms of Lyme Disease

As we have told earlier that it takes 3 to 30 days for infection to spread its symptoms, which occur in stages. So if you have noticed a tick bite then keep examining yourself for symptoms mentioned below. If you find even a few of them, then contact your doctor as soon as possible.
Early Symptoms

  • Rash: It usually appears at the site of bite in the shape of a bulls-eye. Usually it neither pains nor itches, so you need to examine it yourself. The bulls-eye can expand over days may enlarge upto 12 inches.
  • Fever, headache, tiredness, body ache and chills. These symptoms are common in other diseases like flu, so people often ignore them if they have not noticed any tick bite or rash (at an invisible part of body)

Later Symptoms

  • Joint pain and swelling can occur in knees and then spread to other joints.
  • Other red rashes, known as Erythema migrans can also appear at other parts of body. Multiple bulls-eye rashes diffusing together.  
  • Vomiting

Severe Symptoms

  • Neurological problems like temporary paralysis, Numbness or weakness in limbs, neuropathy and impaired memory.
  • Meningitis : Inflammation of membranes surrounding your brain.
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Liver inflammation
  • Eye inflammation
  • arthritis and nervous system problems

Severe symptoms may take months to years to develop. It is advised to begin the treatment as soon as you notice any early symptom.

Lyme Disease Diagnosis

Diagnosis of lyme disease is hard as its symptoms are also found in some other common diseases.

  • ELISA Test: Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) test detects the antibodies to B. burgdorferi. It is a blood test which works only few weeks after infection.
  • Western blot test: If ELISA Test comes positive then Western blot test is done to find other antibodies to several proteins of B. burgdorferi.

Lyme Disease Treatment


  • Oral antibiotics can be used to treat early symptoms of lyme disease. Amoxicillin, doxycycline and cefuroxime are usually prescribed as 14 to 21 day course.
  • Intravenous antibiotics are recommended if the disease is spread to central nervous system, but this treatment is also known for side effects.
  • Beware : Some alternative treatment practitioners use bismacine injection, which is not permissible according to FDA, as it can lead to heart and kidney failure.

Prevention from Lyme Disease


  • If you are spending time in woods then it better to keep your full body covered.
  • Keep checking your arms and legs for any possible tick bite.
  • If you find any tick attached to skin, remove it as soon as possible to prevent the infection.
  • Use insect repellent, if you are 
  • Never think that you are immune, as you can get lyme disease more than once.

How to remove the tick ?
Removing the tick with right technique can also save you from possible infection. Grasp the tick gently at its head or mouth and try not to crush or squeeze it. Then pull it carefully to remove the entire tick and then dispose it of. Apply some antiseptic at the site of bite to save yourself from possible infection.

Epstein Barr Virus Infection - The Kissing Disease

Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) was discovery in 1964 by Sir Michael Anthony Epstein and Ms. Yvonne Barr. Acute infectious mononucleosis (AIM), also known as mono or the "kissing disease" is caused by this virus. This virus spreads through body fluids, such as saliva, which makes it getting transmitted easily through kiss, and got the disease named "kissing disease". EBV affects 90% American population at some point in life.

Epstein Barr Virus

Scientifically it is human herpesvirus 4 and belongs to herpes virus family. It is a common virus that affects humans and found all over the world. The bad news about this virus is that it is associated with various types of cancer and also connected to some medical conditions related to HIV infection.
Important :

  • Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) can survive on an object (such as toothbrush or drinking glass) as long as the surface remains moist.
  • Sometime symptoms may take weeks to appear after the infection.
  • A person infected with EBV can pass on the virus to others even before showing any visible symptoms.
  • Even when the symptoms are gone the person can spread the virus for next 18 months.
  • Many people infected with EBV don't develop any symptom as the virus become latent (inactive) after entering the body.
  • People with weaker immune system are more prone to showing symptoms as virus can reactivate after sometime.
  • Once a person is recovered after developing the symptoms, he / she will never suffer from it again as the immunity get developed.

Epstein-Barr Virus Infection Causes

  • Infection through Saliva : Kissing, sharing utensils for eating or drinking
  • Infection through sexual contact and genital fluids
  • Infection through blood transfusion
  • Infection through organ transplant
First two causes of infection are most common and responsible for most of the spread of EBV virus.

Epstein Barr Virus Infection Symptoms

Epstein Barr Virus can infect a wide range of cells in human body including B cells and epithelial cells. It gives rise to various symptoms. Some of them are listed below.
  • Feeling of Low Energy Level and tiredness.
  • Fever
  • Inflamed / swollen throat
  • Swollen lymph nodes in the neck
  • Enlarged spleen
  • Swollen liver

Epstein Barr Virus Infection Diagnosis

EBV infection is hard to be diagnosed as the symptoms are similar to some other common diseases. However antibodies can be detected through blood test. Nine out of every ten blood tests will show positive result of these antibodies, which indicates that either the person is currently infected or recovered from a EPV infection in past. If the blood test remains positive for antibodies and the person is showing symptoms then it means that he/she is currently infected.

Epstein Barr Virus Infection Treatment and Cure

There is no vaccine or medicine to save to from EBV infection. If you are infected with EBV then treating the symptoms is the only way to treat it. Your doctor may recommend some pain relievers and anti inflammatory medicines for such symptoms along with adequate rest. If you want to save yourself from Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) then don't share drinks or food, never indulge in unprotected sexual activity and avoid kissing (as there is nothing like protected kissing). But the truth is that it is nearly impossible to save yourself from EBV as this virus is already spread across the globe. So improve your immune system to always be ready to combat this virus.

Swine Flu Symptoms and Treatment

Swine Flu or the so called H1N1 Virus first became a news in 2009 when it was spread in Mexico. The flu virus which usually infects humans is different from the one that infects the pigs. But those who work closely with pigs in the pig farms often get flu from each other, but it remained a local infection and never spread to large populations until the 2009 Mexico outbreak. After that this infection became worldwide people became aware of this kind of flu. As it was an infection commonly found in pigs with the same symptoms of flu, people called it swine flu.

Swine Flu Symptoms in Adults

Swine Flu symptoms resemble to seasonal flu. Following symptoms may occur.

  • Cough
  • Fever
  • Runny or Stuffy nose
  • Headache
  • Sore throat
  • Muscle pain
  • Chills
  • Vomiting or Diarrhoea
Even if any one of these occur then it may be swine flu. Number of symptoms increase with severity.

Swine Flu Symptoms in Kids
Symptoms in Kids is same as seasonal flu. If you feel that kid is getting high fever or being irritating then you must consult a doctor.

How does Swine Flu Spreads ?

This disease can spread through air. If you are near an infected person then you may get the virus through air or through a tiny droplet of sneeze or cough. If a person in infected by this virus then it may take 1 to 4 days to develop the symptoms. An infected person can start spreading the virus 24 hours before appearance of symptoms and continue to do so after 5 to 7 days after the symptoms are developed.

Who is at risk of Swine Flu ?

However Swine Flu can infect person of any age and sex but a few groups are at more risk as the H1N1 virus can do more harm in these groups. These groups are

  • People with weakened immune systems
  • Children below three years of age
  • Adults above 60 years of age
  • Pregnant women
  • People already suffering from heart disease, lung disease, asthma or diabetes

Swine Flu Prevention

Swine Flu prevention can  be done by avoiding exposure to the H1N1 Virus. It can be done by taking following precautionary measures.

  • Avoid touching things at a public place
  • Washing hands more frequently, especially if have been to a public place or touched some things which is accessible to others such as door handles.
  • Avoid touching your face, especially nose and mouth
  • Don't go near a person showing symptoms of flu.
  • Clean your door handles and other touchable items with some disinfectant regularly and H1N1 virus may survive on such surfaces for upto 48 hours. 

Foods that prevent Swine Flu

A good immune system is best to save you from swine flu. So you may eat foods rich in protein, vitamin C and Zinc, which help in building a healthy immune system. Green Vegetables, orange fruits (such as carrots, pumpkins, apricots, and mangoes) and protein rich diet can help you in saving yourself from Swine Flu.

Swine Flu Treatment

Swine Flu treatment is usually same as seasonal flu. But its better to consult a doctor and let him decide which treatment is best for you. Vaccine to prevent you from getting H1N1 infection is also available in market. The groups listed above who are at higher risk of swine flu need special attention of medical practitioners. People with healthy immune system and good resistance power can easily recover from this infection. Apart from antiviral medication and pain relievers doctors may suggest rest and plenty of fluids to save you from dehydration. 

Tear Duct Blockage in Babies Treatment | Nasolacrimal Obstruction Surgery

Tear Duct Blockage or "Nasolacrimal Duct Obstruction" is a common problem found in newborns. More than 5% newborn have this condition either in one eye or both. This problem can also happen in adults due to some medical reasons. Most of the people get worried if this problem affect the vision as the eye remain constantly watery due to tear duct blockage. Before understanding this medical condition we need to understand the tear duct mechanism.

Mechanism behind Tears and Tear Duct

Our eyes need constant supply of water to keep them wet. This water comes from Lacrimal Gland (also known as Tear Gland) located just above the eyelid. It secretes water into our eye. Our Eyelids work as the wiper and it not only evenly spreads the water on the surface of eye but also cleans it. Then this water goes into our nose through the Nasolacrimal Duct ( also known as Tear Duct). Then this water keeps our nose wet from inside and captures the dust in the air we are breathing in. Thus our tears solve two purpose in go. They clean our eyes and filters the air we are breathing in.

Why do Newborn have tear duct blockage ?

5 to 20 percent of newborns have tear duct blockage either in one eye or both. This percentage varies by race and location. There is a thin membrane at the both ends on the tear duct. Usually it opens on its own after birth, but in some cases it doesn't or just opens partially. Mostly it is nothing to worry about as in most of the cases the condition is resolved automatically within a year. It can cause watery eyes with conjunctivitis like symptoms and white or yellow discharge in eyes. This condition becomes notable only after two weeks of birth. Till 2 weeks there is not enough tear formation by tear gland to make eyes watery.

Treatment for Tear Duct Blockage in Newborns

Usually doctors suggest massaging the skin between eye and nose with mild pressure. They also prescribe a few eye drops and asks you to clear up any discharge in the eyes on regular basis. Any advice from the doctor should be followed. If the blockage is not cleared then doctor may suggest a minor surgery after the baby reaches the age of 6 months or a year.

Why do adults have tear duct blockage ?

There are several reasons behind tear duct blockage in adults.
  • It can happen due to some infection in eye or nose.
  • It can also happen as a result of some surgery of nasal region.
  • Sometimes it may be a hereditary problem when a nasal bone grows more and obstructs the path of Tear Duct.

Nasolacrimal Duct Obstruction Surgery

This surgery is recommended only if the doctor finds that massage therapy is not working to clear the obstruction. If the obstruction is not due to any infection then balloon catheter dilation is used for the treatment of both adults and babies. Different types of surgery are available to treat the obstruction and it depends on surgeon and the exact location of obstruction. So if you face this medical condition then consult a good eye specialist.

Patent Foramen Ovale (PFO) : The hole in your Heart

Foramen Ovale is a medical condition found in most of the newly born babies. In this medical condition there is a hole between the upper chamber of heart (i.e. right and left auricle). It is a common phenomena in babies. But this hole is closed automatically within a few weeks after birth. But one in every five person is not so lucky and his/her Foramen Ovale remain open. This medical condition is called Patent Foramen Ovale (PFO), also known as Atrial septal defect.

What happens to our body due to Patent Foramen Ovale (PFO) ?
Our right auricle contains the deoxygenated blood while left auricle contains the oxygenated blood. The hole between these two chambers of heart mixes the pure blood with impure blood. The same blood is then sent to different body parts and the same mixed blood is sent to lungs to get oxygenated. No major symptoms can be noticed of this medical condition in childhood. But as the person reaches 30's some symptoms become visible. These symptoms are:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Getting tired soon
  • Swelling in legs anf feet
  • heart palpitations
  • heart murmurs

These symptoms vary from person to person. Symptoms are more clear in people with large PFO hole, while people with small hole might never feel any symptom.
 Note: In very rare cases if a baby have both PFO and some other heart condition then blue tint may appear on skin while crying or passing stool.

Health Risks related to Patent Foramen Ovale (PFO)

  • A person suffering from PFO may live a healthy life, but chances of getting a stroke attack is more compared to a person with no PFO. 
  • In our last article betterhealthfacts.com discussed the effect of Air bubble getting injected into veins, which can cause problem is a person suffering from PFO. 
  • In some researches migraine is found connected to PFO. Those who have got their PFO corrected through surgery reported reduction in migraine.

Why do newly born babies have Foramen Ovale ?
When the arteries and veins develop in a baby inside the womb of her mother it needs blood supply. The hole (Foramen Ovale) provides more blood instantly to the heart to pump into these newly developed arteries. This Foramen Ovale does not cause any harm to baby as at that time lungs of mother are oxygenating the blood for baby. Baby's own lungs don't oxygenate the blood as baby can't breathe in the womb. As the baby is born the Foramen Ovale closes itself within a few weeks.

Patent Foramen Ovale (PFO) Diagnosis
It can be done using ECG (echocardiogram) through a bubble test performed with saline water. The doctor checks it through ECG machine if the bubble passes between two upper chambers of heart.

Patent Foramen Ovale (PFO) Treatment
PFO can be closed through surgery. There are more than 20% chances that you have got a PFO in your heart. But you don't need to go for surgery unless your doctor tell you that your PFO is causing some trouble in your body. What happens in the surgery is visible in the gif image provided here.

Insulin Resistance - The reason behind Type 2 Diabetes

Usually people think that diabetes is caused due to lack of insulin, while its not true. Type 2 Diabetes, which is 90-95% of all diabetes cases, is caused due to Insulin Resistance. Insulin Resistance is one of the least understood factor, even by those who are suffering from it.

What is Insulin Resistance ?
Insulin Resistance is not lack of Insulin, but lack of body's ability to respond to the insulin produced. Insulin Resistance also known as IR, makes our body's cell resistant to insulin hormone, which is released after we eat something. Insulin hormone helps our body cells in absorbing the glucose from blood supply, which is put into blood supply from the digested food. Insulin Resistance don't let Insulin hormone do its work and blood glucose level remains elevated which causes more Insulin hormone to be produced. Its puts strain on beta cells in pancreas and insulin production is reduced if Insulin Resistance remains for a longer duration.

Is Insulin Resistance a necessary mechanism for our body ?
However Insulin Resistance seems to be disease but it is a protective measure by our body. This fact is revealed in some recent investigations. Sometimes our brain need more glucose and thus our body creates insulin resistance itself so that glucose is not absorbed by other body cells/muscles and brain get proper glucose supply through blood. Sometimes insulin resistance mechanism is also used in pregnant ladies to give proper glucose supply to brain of developing fetus. This insulin resistance becomes a disease only when it get out of control and become a permanent medical condition. In this article we are referring to Insulin Resistance as a medical condition.

Insulin Resistance Causes

There are various causes found related to Insulin Resistance ranging from metabolism of body to social and environmental factors.

  • Fat / Obesity: Some researchers believe that excess fat in body produces such hormones in body which causes insulin resistance unnecessarily. BMI level of more than 25 is therefore considered as a risk factor for Insulin Resistance.
  • Family History: Sometimes your genes play an important role. If its in your genes then chances of getting affected by insulin resistance is doubled.
  • Diet: Improper and unbalanced diet is also a cause of Insulin Resistance.
  • Sedentary Lifestyle: Inactivity and improper diet are directly related on obesity which is itself a cause of Insulin Resistance.
  • Hypertension
  • High triglyceride level
  • Giving birth to a baby of more than 9 pounds
  • Hepatitis C

Insulin Resistance Symptoms


  • Weight loss or Weight gain without making an effort to do it.
  • Frequent Urination
  • More frequent thirst
  • Feeling lack of energy
  • Odor in Urine
  • Dark Skin under Chin, Armpits and Groin region.
  • Feeling of hunger even after having a diet
  • tingling sensation in hand and feet

Insulin Resistance Treatment

Apart from medicine there are somethings more important in treatment of Insulin resistance. These are changing your lifestyle and diet. Exercising on regular basis, being active, and taking steps to loose some weight are most effecting in reversing the effect of Insulin Resistance. Opting for a balanced diet can also help in attaining this goal. If you are looking for a medicine, then Metformin is a common medicine given to type 2 diabetes patients to enhance weight reduction and improve lipid profile. Any medication must be taken after prescription from a doctor.

Difference between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

During past few decades Diabetes has affected human population like an epidemic. It is directly related to absence or irregularity of insulin hormone responsible for controlling blood sugar level. 90 to 95% diabetes patients are Type 2 patients. There are a few similarities and a lot of differences between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes.

What is Type 1 Diabetes ?
Type 1 Diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which our own immune system kills the beta cells in pancreas which produce insulin to control blood sugar. It causes total absence of insulin in blood stream and the patient has to depend on insulin injection or insulin pump. Mostly Type 1 Diabetes is diagnosed in childhood and remains life long. There is no prevention against this type of diabetes and no body known why our immune system targets the beta cells.

What is Type 2 Diabetes ?
Type 2 Diabetes is a disease created by incorrect lifestyle and unbalanced diet. In Type 2 diabetes our body develops insulin resistance, which means the same insulin produced before becomes less effective. It puts strain on beta cells in pancreas and their productivity of insulin is reduced with time, which makes the condition more worse.
Insulin Resistance: The reason behind Diabetes

Difference between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

  • Type 1 Diabetes is an autoimmune disease while Type 2 Diabetes is a lifestyle disorder.
  • Type 1 Diabetes is usually diagnosed in childhood while Type 2 is usually diagnosed after 30's.
  • Episodes of low blood sugar are normal in Type 1 Diabetes while low blood sugar is never detected in Type 2 under normal circumstances.
  • Type 1 diabetes can not be prevented as still there is no known reason behind it, while Type 2 diabetes can be prevented by a healthy lifestyle.
  • Type 2 diabetes is directly connected to excess body weight , while it is not so in Type 1 Diabetes.
  • Type 1 diabetes is usually treated with insulin injection or pumps. No such injections or pumps are used to treat Type 2 Diabetes, just diet control and simple medication is used to treat it. However in extreme cases insulin injection are used to treat type 2 diabetes.
  • Type 1 diabetes is caused due to insulin deficiency while Type 2 diabetes is caused due to insulin resistance.
  • Type 1 diabetes is rare compared to Type 2. Out of all diabetes patients Type 1 are just 5 to 10%.
  • Type 2 diabetes is sometimes due to heredity while there is no such connection in Type 1.


Similarities between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes
Both types of diabetes can result in serious complications if not treated. These complications are blindness and kidney failure. Heart disease, stroke, and foot or leg amputations are other less common complications in both. All of these complications result due to high blood sugar for longer duration.

Assumption vs Reality

  • It is generally assumed that people with Type 1 Diabetes are underweight and people with Type 2 Diabetes are overweight, but this fact is not true in every case. Some Type 1 Diabetic patients can be overweight, while some Type 2 patients can be in normal weight range.
  • It is generally assumed that only type 1 patients need insulin injection, but the truth is that even type 2 patients may need it if they don't control their sugar through lifestyle and dietary changes.

Diseases associated with Ageing

However some say that ageing is just something in our mind, but still people get old and get affected by various diseases due to ageing. Every machine has got an expiry date, so do the humans, a biological machine. However some diseases are attributed to some bad habits and incorrect life style, but still those people get affected with ageing who did everything right. The truth is that everything is not in our control. Whatever we do to keep ourselves healthy, a day will come when our body surrenders to some medical condition. But instead of getting demotivated by thinking so, we should do our best to postpone that day. Here betterhealthfacts.com have collect some well researched diseases that may affect you due to increased age. However these diseases don't affect everybody and their occurrence depends on your lifestyle, environment and heredity.

Death: The Only Truth

Diseases associated with Ageing


  • Atherosclerosis
  • Cardiovascular disease : Diseases related to heart and cholesterol in blood vessels.
  • Cancer
  • Arthritis
  • Cataracts
  • Osteoporosis
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Hypertension
  • Alzheimer's disease



Occurrence of all of the above listed diseases increase rapidly with age. Senescence (or biological ageing process) is gradual degradation of body functions that make us suffer from some of these diseases. According to a research done on rats in 1934, it was found that lifespan of rats can be increased to 50% if the calorie restricted diet is given to them. It motivated a number of health conscious people to look after the calories in their diet and today we can see complete nutritional information of any food item on its packet. However human lifespan has not increased in that way.

Immortality: Myth or Reality !

People living in developing and industrial nations get more affected by these Ageing Associated Diseases due to increasing level of air-pollution and hectic lifestyle where people don't give enough time to their own body. However all of the above diseases are not fatal but somehow decreases the overall performance of body.

So give time to your body, make exercise a habit, try to stay away from pollution, adapt good hygiene and live a healthy life.

Lactose Intolerance in Kids and Adults | Diet for Lactose Intolerant

Lactose Intolerance is a disease in which our body is incapable of digesting lactose (a sugar found in milk), thus causing pain in stomach after consuming milk. Here betterhealthfacts.com will bring the complete information about this medical condition. The best way to fight with Lactose Intolerance is to have complete knowledge about it and having proper diet that doesn't hurt you.


What is Lactose Intolerance ?


Our body have different enzymes in different parts of digestive tract to digest different items in our food. One such engyme is "Lactase", which digests lactose. Lactose is a sugar and lactase breaks it down into glucose and galactose, which are absorbed into our blood stream. If it remains undigested in small intestine, then bacteria in large intestine try to break it down and releases hydrogen as a byproduct. This hydrogen causes pain in our stomach region and the patient feels cramps in his/her stomach.

Types of Lactose Intolerance

Lactose Intolerance is of three types. Before we tell you these types, its necessary to know the lactase engyme. In a normal person lactase levels are high at the time of birth, as we need it to digest the milk. Milk is the primary source of nutrition for infants and lactase helps in digesting it. As we grow, we start to eat other food items as well and the lactase level gradually deceases, but it remains sufficient to digest normal input of milk. Now we can tell you the types of Lactose Intolerance.

  • Primary Lactose Intolerance: Its the most common type of Lactose Intolerance. In this type a person is born with sufficient levels of lactase, but its level decreases at a rapid rate and by the time the person reaches adulthood, he/she becomes Lactose Intolerant.
  • Secondary Lactose Intolerance: Sometime as a side effect of some illness, injury or surgery of intestine, the lactase production decreases heavily and the person develops the symptoms of lactase intolerance. It can be treated by treating the primary illness or injury, but it takes time to recover and rise lactase level.
  • Congenital Lactose Intolerance: Its the worst and least found lactose intolerance. When a child is born with lactose intolerance then its Congenital Lactose Intolerance. Its a genetic disorder and such genes come from both father and mother.

Risk Factors for Lactose Intolerance

  • Genes play the most important role. It may come from any of the parents.
  • Increasing age is the second factor. As we age the production of lactase decreases gradually.
  • Injury or Illness of Intestine can decrease the lactase production.
  • Premature birth can also cause Lactose Intolerance as Small Intestine develops in the the third trimester. 

Symptoms of Lactose Intolerance


  • Watery Stools with pain in abdominal region
  • Some kids and adults may feel just uncomfort or pain in abdominal region after a lactose-rich diet.
  • Some occasional symptoms are muscle pain, headache and constipation

Diet for Lactose Intolerant Infact / Kid

In case of an Infant being Lactose Intolerant, the situation becomes more sensitive as infants either depend on breastfeed milk or formula milk. There are some lactose free formula milk such as Karicare Delact, Nan sensitive and S26 LF (Lacose Free). But if you are giving breastfeed to your baby then its better to consult your doctor or dietitian as this milk is rich in lactose.

Diet for Lactose Intolerant Adult


  • If you are an adult than you may learn to live a lactose free life. Depending on you Lactose Intolerance level, you may choose a low lactose diet. 
  • If you don't want to remove milk from your diet then lactose-free milk is also available. Lactose free yoghurts and custards are available.
  • Before buying a packed food item, check its ingredients. Avoid those food item that contain milk, milk solids, non fat milk solids, milk powder, lactose, casein, whey and cream.
  • Avoid regular milk, milk desserts, yoghurt, cream cheese, ice-cream, cream, custard, processed cheese, cheese spread, ricotta cheese and cottage cheese.
  • To overcome the deficiency of milk, start eating food products that are rich in calcium and iron.
  • Fruits, vegetables, bread and cereals are also good source of nutrition.
  • Some other food items may also contain lactose such as biscuits, cakes, cake mixes, creamed soups, mayonnaise, milk chocolate, and milk flavourings. So be aware of that.
  • Some doctors also recommend lactase engyme drops that can used to pre-treat the milk or other milk products before you eat or drink them.

Sore Throat Types Symptoms Treatment and Home Remedies

Sore Throat

Sore Throat is a common name for throat infection. Sore throat can occur due to virus, bacteria, allergy or sinus infection. Sore throat usually comes with cough and mild cold. If this condition continues for more than 4 or 5 days, then you must see a doctor.

Sore Throat Symptoms


  • Pain or sensation of scratch in the throat
  • Pain increases with swallowing or talking.
  • Difficulty in swallowing the food
  • Swollen, red tonsils.
  • Swollen upper neck
  • White colored patches or pus on your tonsils
  • Hoarse voice


Sore Throat Severe Symptoms

If any of the symptoms listed below appears in you then you must see a doctor and get your throat inspected.
  • Sore throat for more than 4 days.
  • Difficulty in opening the mouth
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Earache
  • Fever (over 101°)
  • Joint pain
  • Blood in Saliva or phlegm
  • Frequently recurring sore throat
  • Hoarseness lasting over two weeks
  • Feeling Lump in Neck

Causes and Types of Sore Throat


  • Sore throat due to Viral Infection: Majority of sore throat cases are due to viral infection. The virus is same which causes cold or flu. Some other viral infection that can cause sore throat are mononucleosis, measles, chickenpox or croup.
  • Sore throat due to bacterial infection:  Streptococcus pyogenes bacteria can cause Strep Throat (swelling inside the throat). Diptheria is also a bacterial infection which cause swelling in throat. Whooping cough is another bacterial infection which affects respiratory mucous membrane.
  • Sore throat due to Environmental Factors: Sore throat can also occur due to allergies, exposure to smoke (by passive smoking), dry air or too much talking/yelling.
  • Sore throat due to GERD: GERD is Gastroesophageal reflux disease. It is a digestive disorder in which acids from stomach flows back into esophagus. It can cause sore throat, heartburn and hoarseness of voice.

In very rare cases sore throat is a symptom of HIV or throat cancer.

Sore Throat Treatment and Home Remedies

The treatment of sore throat depends on the cause of Sore Throat. So only a doctor can prescribe the correct medicines depending on his/her diagnosis. Antibiotics are prescribed by doctors if its due to bacterial infection. Don't stop taking the medicine without asking the doctor. If the prescription is of 10 days, and you start feeling better in 5 days, then don't stop your medication, as it will help bacteria in recurring.
However there are some home remedies that you can practice at home to treat sore throat.

  • Add some salt in one glass warm water and do gargling with it. It can help in reducing the swelling inside the throat.
  • Drink warm fluids such as tea or soup. Its warmness will provide some easiness in throat.
  • Avoid going into smoky or dusty environment.

Sore Throat Cures

If you feel that you get affected by sore troat more often, then you should do some lifestyle changes as suggested below.

  • Don't share your drinking glass with others.
  • Don't share your utensils while eating.
  • Don't touch those surfaces which are most often touched by others. For example the door handles of buses and trains, ticket counters and billing counters. Such places are vulnerable to various bacteria.
  • If you feel that you hand has touched such places, then either wash your hands or use a hand sanitizer.
  • Avoid going into dust and smoky environment. Its better to keep distance from smokers.

Endemic Typhus Fever Symptoms and Treatment

Endemic Typhus Fever is usually spread by fleas and it has caused more deaths in human history than all wars put together. Endemic Typhus fever is caused due to two types of bacteria: Rickettsia typhi or Rickettsia felis. Both of these bacteria are normally found in rats. Fleas act as carrier of these bacteria. They carry it from rodents to humans with their bite. Therefore unhygenic places are best playground for Endemic Typhus Fever. Due to this reason this fever is also know as Jail Fever. Another type of typhus known as Epidimic Typhus is spread by body lice and as its name suggests it spreads after wars and natural calamities.

Endemic Typhus Fever Symptoms

Symptoms of Endemic Typhus Fever are visible after 6 to 14 days of Infection. Its symptoms are common to several other diseases, so its hard to diagnose it on the basis of physical symptoms. Some of the symptoms of Endemic Typhus Fever are body aches and pains, headache, chills. A visible rash on chest, back, arms, legs can also appear as a symptom. The rash is the primary point of infection, through where the flea infected your body. For a confirmation it better to get your blood tested for its bacteria. If the test is positive then most probably doctor will advise you to get admitted.
Following test can also help in diagnosing of Endemic Typus Fever:

  • High levels of typhus antibodies
  • Low sodium level
  • Low albumin level
  • Mildly high liver enzymes


Endemic Typhus Fever Treatment

This fever can be treated by appropriate antibiotic therapy. Antibiotics such as Doxycycline, Tetracycline and Chloramphenicol are used for treatment. The doctors can correctly prescribe the correct antibiotic for you. Tetracycline is avoided in children as it can stop the growth of permanent teeth. Sometimes the patient may need oxygen and intravenous fluids. If proper treatment of Endemic Typhus Fever is not done then it is a life threatening condition.

Some Unknown Facts about Endemic Typhus


  • A person who was earlier had Endemic Typhus Fever may again shown mild symptoms of this fever in elderly age (years after first infection). This is called Brill-Zinsser disease. In this disease the bacteria becomes active again.
  • Infected fleas can pass the bacteria to their offspring for next 17 generations.
  • Cat can also get infected by bacteria responsible for Endemic Typhus Fever without showing any symptoms. Fleas from cats can also spread this disease very easily.
  • Rats, opossums and cats can help in spreading this disease. So in case of any outbreak of this disease, its better to stay away from these animals.


Living in hygienic environment is the key to stay away from Endemic Typhus fever.

Hernia: Symptoms, Types, Treatment, Surgery and Prevention

Hernia Overview


Hernia is a medical condition in which an organ pushes itself out of a weekened tissue wall or muscles. Mostly this condition occurs in abdominal region when intestine bulges out of abdominal region. There are various types of Hernia depending on the location of bulge. Sometimes it can be treated by medication, but in adverse conditions surgery is suggested immediately.

Symptoms of Hernia


Hernia usually occurs in two age groups. Before the age of one or after the age of Fifty. It doesn't mean that it can't happen in between. Everybody should have basic knowledge about Hernia and its symptoms. Sometimes kids under the age of one can't tell it if they are having hernia. Its the responsibility of parents to notice the condition and immediately concern the doctor. Most of the symptoms of Hernia are self-diagnosable.
Here are a few symptoms of Hernia:

  • A bulge coming out of body in Abdominal or Groin area. Location of bulge depends on the type of hernia.
  • The pain in bulge may vary from mild to severe.
  • The pain in the bulge increases with time if not treated.
  • Abdominal discomfort and tenderness.
  • Sometimes hernia can cause chest pain and pain with eating.
  • Most commonly hernia occurs on right side of abdomen.
  • Discomfort in coughing and going to toilet.

Causes of Hernia


  • Some previous open appendectomy can cause Hernia.
  • Sometimes its genetic and occur more often in certain families.
  • Smoking is also considered as one of the factors.
  • Hernia occur more often in obese people.
  • Putting stress on abdominal muscles, such as heavy weight lifting can sometimes cause hernia.
  • Constant constipation is also a risk factor for hernia.

Types of Hernia

Following Types of Hernia are based on the location of bulge.

  • Inguinal Hernias: Its most common type of hernia. More than 60% of total cases of hernias are Inguinal Hernias. It occurs more often in men. There is a inguinal canal, where a man's testicles must descend before birth, it leaves a space in the abdominal wall. If this space is not sealed properly naturally, then at some point in life the intestine might try to come towards that space into the inguinal canal. Thats why its called Inguinal Hernia. If inguinal hernia occurs on both sides (both inguinal canal ) then its called bilateral inguinal hernias.
  • Femoral Hernias: This type of hernia is more common in females. There is a space called femoral canal, a space near the femoral vein that carries blood from the leg. During Pregnancy or Childbirth the intestinal sac can drop into this femoral space due to pressure in the abdominal region. Femoral hernia can cause complications during pregnancy hence advised to repair as soon as they are noticed.
  • Ventral Hernias: Also known by other name incisional hernia, occur on a site of previous surgery in the abdominal region. It can occur weeks, months or years after surgery.
  • Umbilical Hernias: It occurs near the bellybutton or navel due to natural weakness from the blood vessels of the umbilical cord. Mostly it occurs before the age of one and resolves by the age of 3 or 4 years. But if it occurs in an adult, then it does not resolves itself and need medical intervention. Excessive coughing, obesity and pregnancy are some of the reasons behind the occurrence of Umbilical Hernias.
  • Epigastric Hernias: This type of hernias are relitively uncommon and occur due to gaps and weakness in muscle tendons in the abdominal wall. Epigastric Hernias occur more in men.
  • Hiatal Hernias: It occurs due to weakness in diaphragm, which is a group of muscle separating chest cavity from abdominal cavity. Its surgery is more complicated than other types of hernias.
Hernias can also be classified in two more ways.
  • Reducible and Nonreducible Hernias: Reducible hernias are those which flattens when the person attains a certain position. Such hernias are not immediate danger to a person's health. While if the hernia doesn't flatten itself and has taken a prominent shape, then it called nonreducuble hernia. Nonreducible hernia often pains a lot and need immediate medical attention.
  • Acquired and Congenital Hernias: Congenital hernia are present from child birth due to weakness of some tissues while Acquired Hernias are caused by our life-style such as smoking, weight lifting, constipation, pregnancy etc.

Treatment of Hernia


Mostly Doctors try to make your hernia condition better through lifestyle changes.

Lifestyle changes treatment of Hernia


  • Eat lesser food at a time / Avoid heavy meals.
  • Don't lie down just after having meal.
  • Reduce Weight if your are overweight or keep your body weight in a healthy range.
  • In case of Hiatal Hernias, stop consuming spicy foods, tomatoes and all such food items that can cause acid reflux or heartburn.
  • Giving up cigarettes can also help in reducing the symptoms of Hernia. 

Treatment of Hernia through medication

Medication for Hernia treatment should be taken only on medical prescription. Some over the counter drugs like antacids, H-2 receptor blockers, and proton pump inhibitors can help in certain conditions.

Surgery to Treat Hernia

Sometimes surgery is suggested to treat hernia if it can't be treated with lifestyle changes. If your hernia is growing larger and causing pain then surgery is the only option to treat it. During surgery the hole in abdominal cavity is sewed with the help of some surgical mesh as a patch to repair the hole. Laparoscopic surgery is also done in some cases which require very short incision and takes lesser time to recover. Normal Surgery of Hernia takes upto 6 weeks to recover while laparoscopic surgery much lesser time to recover. In some cases of Hernia, such as Inguinal Hernia , lapraroscopic surgery is not suggested.


How to prevent Hernia


As somebody said prevention is better than cure, same is with hernia. A healthy lifestyle can help you in preventing the occurrence of hernia. However no prevention is 100% safety, as genetic reasons can't be avoided. But still we suggest following prevention to avoid hernia.
  • Quit Smoking
  • Treat constipation without any delay.
  • Don't be obese. Obesity is a risk factor for Hernia, and being slim can prevent it.
  • Never start Heavy Weight Lifting suddenly. Increase the weight gradually.
  • Don't take any bulge in abdominal area as normal. Proper treatment on time can save you from surgery.

Diseases caused by High Blood Pressure

High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) is one of the worst silent killers of mankind. A number of diseases have connection with high blood pressure. Here we will discuss some diseases which are caused due to Hypertension.


  • Kidney is an organ which is worst affected by high blood pressure. Our kidney filters out the toxins out of our blood. Our blood pressure plays an important role in this filtration process. Due to high pressure the process of filtration is slowed down as arteries are narrowed and pressure of blood is increased. To overcome this condition our heart exerts even more pressure. The condition becomes worst when kidney stops functioning (Renal Failure). In that case dialysis is necessary an kidney transplant is suggested by doctors.
  • High blood Pressure can cause bleeding from arteries inside retina and it can cause blurred vision or complete vision loss. Its known as retinopathy.
  • Coronary Artery Disease is also caused due to high blood pressure. One of the main reasons of High Blood Pressure is narrowing of arteries. It reduces the amount of blood and oxygen supply to some important organs. When Coronary Arteries (the arteries supplying blood to heart muscles) suffer from this reduced supply of blood and oxygen then its caused Coronary Artery Disease. In the worst condition it can result into heart attack or heart failure and ultimately death. Know the difference between Heart Attack and Heart Failure.
  • Blood pressure damages your arteries. When the narrowing of arteries occur, it stiffens your arteries and some fatty deposits occur inside the walls of arteries, its called arteriosclerosis. It occurs throughout the arteries in body and it can affect functioning of any organ like arms, legs, brain, kidney. There is a second way in which blood pressure hurts the arteries, its called aneurysm. In aneurysm the outer layer of arteries in cracked due to high pressure from inside and the inner lining of artery bulges out. If such bulges rupture then it can cause threat to your life.
  • Sometime blood pressure can cause damage to brain functioning. The reduce blood flow and oxygen supply can cause memory problems. Some times when some clot inside the arteries stop the blood supply to brain then ministroke or stroke can occur. Brain disease like dementia can also occur due to high BP resulting in problems with thinking, speaking, reasoning, memory, vision and movement.
  • Apart from the above discussed complications due to high blood pressure there are many more. But ultimate and most well known effect of high blood pressure is heart attack and heart failure.


We hope that after knowing about all these ill effects of high BP you will try to lower it down and help yourselves in living a health and long life.

Dengue Fever Symptoms and Treatment

Dengue Fever


Dengue Fever is a severe type of viral fever. It is transmitted by mosquitoes who carry this virus from one person to another. Mostly dengue fever affect those who have a compromised immune system. Children under 10 years of age and weak people are more prone to this disease. Usually dengue fever lasts up to two weeks. Other common names of Dengue Fever are "breakbone" and "dandy fever".

What causes Dengue Fever ?



  • Transmission of fever from one person to another through mosquito bite.
  • Lack of cleanliness and providing good atmosphere for mosquito breeding.
  • Blocked drains and water logs near schools, hospitals and residential areas.
  • Aedes Mosquito which is known by other common names such as tiger mosquito or forest mosquito act as the main carrier of this disease.


Dengue Fever Symptoms



  • Sudden High Fever
  • Joint Pain
  • Muscle Pain
  • Headache
  • Pain behind the Eyes
  • Vomiting
  • Skin Rash (usually appear after 2 to 5 days of infection)
  • Bleeding (Nose bleeding or bleeding gums)


Dengue Fever Treatment


Dengue fever is treated on the basis of treatment of symptoms. There is no accurate medicine or vaccination for this disease. Its necessary to keep this disease from spreading to others.

Dengue Ayurvedic Treatment

How to protect yourselves from Dengue outbreak ?


To protect yourselves from a dengue outbreak your have to follow a few safety measures.

  • Prevent Mosquito Breeding in your locality. Try to clean all blocked drains and water logged on road sides.
  • Protect your kids. Kids are most prone to Dengue as their immune system is weaker than grown up people. In case of a dengue outbreak, don't let them go outside in evening as during that time mosquitoes are most active.
  • Wear full sleeves clothes to prevent mosquito bite.
  • Use some mosquito repellents to prevent the spread of dengue.


Miscellaneous facts about Dengue Fever


There are five different types of Dengue virus. If you have recovered from a dengue fever then you become immune to that particular type of virus. But still can get dengue fever again through remaining four types of dengue virus. Symptoms and severity of symptoms differ from one virus to another.
  

Relation between Diabetes and High Blood Pressure

Diabetes and High Blood Pressure are two most common diseases in the world. Every second patient over 35 years of age is suffering from any one of these diseases. Most of these patients are suffering from both of these diseases. Some of them are aware of this fact while some don't. If you are suffering from both of these then you should do your best to control it, else it may lead to some critical conditions.

Relation between Diabetes and High Blood Pressure


If you are suffering from Diabetes then it might lead to High Blood pressure if you don't take care of your diet. Sometimes Diabetes causes atherosclerosis (narrowing of the arteries), and if its not treated on time then it can cause high blood pressure. You should keep checking your blood pressure if you are a patient of Diabetes. It should be less than 130/80 mmHg. If its above this limit then consult you doctor to lower it.

Results of Diabetes with High Blood Pressure


Diabetes with high blood pressure can lead to some critical conditions which are listed below.
  • Diabetic Eye
  • Kidney problems
  • Coronary Artery Disease (heart disease)
  • Strokes
  • Peripheral Vascular Disease (narrowing of the arteries in the legs and feet)
  • Heart failure
Diabetic Eye can even cause blindness. Its one of the worst effects of diabetes with high blood pressure. It damages the blood vessels in retina and also damages the optic nerve leading to complete blindness.
Kidney Problems are also common in such patients.

How High Blood Pressure can be treated in Diabetic Patients?

ACE (Angiotensin Converting Enzyme) inhibitors are used to treat high blood pressure in diabetic patients. These ACE medicines have also shown positive results to delay Kidney Diseases in diabetic patients.
Diuretics or Water Pills are also used to treat High Blood Pressure in Diabetic Patients.

How High Blood Pressure can be prevented in Diabetic Patients?

To prevent High Blood Pressure in Diabetic Patients they should practice the following things in their daily routine.
  • Quit Smoking
  • Eat a healthy diet
  • Maintain a healthy body weight as per the BMI scale
  • Exercise Regularly
  • Eat less salt than normal person.
If you practice these things then you can avoid being a patient of High Blood pressure and live a healthy life with diabetes.

Acne Treatment, Home Remedies and Medicines

Acne, medically known as acne vulgaris, is a skin disease involving sebaceous glands and hair follicles. When the sebaceous glands become overactive or inflamed, the pimples or nodules appear on skin. It is a life threatening, or a very alarming disease yet it has a lot to do with the self-esteem. Teenagers are one who is affected most by acne. It causes scars on the face, neck, chest and shoulders that interfere with good looks. It is one of the causes of persistent stress for many young ones.

What causes acne?


It is necessary to know the causative factors of acne in order to get rid of this disease. The main factors that precipitate the acne are:
  • Increased oil production
  • Bacterial residing in skin
  • Hormonal changes (increased androgens)
  • Skin irritation due to imbalance shedding or environmental factors
  • Genetic causes
  • Increased number of sebaceous glands
  • Dirt
  • Stress
  • Cosmetic products
  • Drugs (such as steroids)
  • Greasy and junk foods

Treatment of acne


The main theme of acne treatment is to lower the oil production, to control the sebaceous glands, to avoid the hair follicles’ irritation and to keep the hormones in a balance. Most of us want an over the night treatment but it is not possible. It takes about 3 months to cure the acne.

Home Remedies


There are a lot of easy things that can eradicate your acne problem. These are cheap and easily available methods without any side effects. Some main natural remedy tips are:

  • First of all, have a look at your diet. Is it balanced? Food has a lot much to do with our hormones and natural hygiene of body. So take a well balanced food containing fruits and raw vegetables.
  • Apply lemon juice or fresh squeezed lemon on your skin. Lemon is antibacterial because of its acidity, so it can help clear your skin.
  • Tea tree oil is also an antibacterial and is very useful in getting rid of acne.
  • Honey is both an antiseptic agent and also a good moisturizer. Hence, it can also be very helpful in case of acne.
  • Cucumber, orange peel and grapes are rich in vitamin C and are effective in treating acne.

Medicines


The medical treatment becomes compulsory in case of very severe acne. It may include:

  • Topical agents: There are some products available that you put on your affected skin and get desired results. Commonly used topical agents include sulfur, salicylic acid, benzyl peroxide, tretinoin and some other antibiotics.
  • Oral drugs: In case of severe acne, several oral medications are also used to decrease the bacterial growth. Drugs are also given to reduce the inflammation along with topical creams.

Dentistry for Health and Common Oral Diseases

Science and health does not make a difference at all, science is just known for health for example medicines. Medicine is the science of health of living organisms as we are. We have had been a lot of problems of health since a long ago as far back as man came into existence such as fever, head ache, belly ache and most painful tooth decay and other problems of oral cavity. Our mouth is the central character who maintains the whole body system. Most of the hygienic problems occur from mouth. All the problems relevant to oral cavity are studied in a single subject called dentistry.

Dentistry is old as far back as 7000 B.C. It was studied by Indus Valley Civilization and the methods used to cure were effective and reliable. The modern dentistry was developed between 1650 and 1800. The French surgeon Pierre Fauchard is known as the father of dentistry. Due to the limitations of surgical instruments the old dentistry was not good as the modern dentistry. Actually dentistry is involved in the study, diagnosis, prevention and treatment of diseases, disorders and conditions of oral cavity and their impacts on human health.

Dentistry for Health


Several oral problems are clear symptoms of some major diseases like diabetes and oral cancer. As dentists is first to check and diagnose the symptoms and refer further tests and treatments, it is not false to say that dentistry really helps us to know about our health.

Common Oral Diseases


Here are some common oral diseases which are associated with our health.

Gum Bleeding

Gum bleeding is one of the symptoms of a gum disease called periodontal disease according to Lory Laughter, a registered dental hygienist in Napa, CA. People suffering from this disease should visit their dentist as soon as possible.

Mouth Sores

Different kinds of sores that appear inside or outside of the mouth are due to Stress, hormones, allergies, or a nutritional deficiency of iron, folic acid, or vitamin B-12. Eating certain acidic or spicy foods can overcome sores. Your dentist can diagnose and treat them easily.

Swelling

People suffering from diabetes usually develop this problem. Due to less ability to fight against bacteria including those that occur in the mouth, it is hard for them to control blood sugar. They frequently suffer swelling, pain and a lot of bone loss. Your dentist will diagnose and will advice you to go to an endocrinologist for further examination.

Red or White Spot

Any red or white spot on tongue, lips, cheek lining or any other part of you’re your mouth indicates the sign of oral cancer. Your dentist will check and diagnose it. Be sure to inform all of your oral condition to the dentist.

Dry Mouth

Dry mouth and bleeding gums are signs of eating disorder or poor nutrition. Due to lack of nutrition your teeth become more sensitive and weak. Your dentist may be first one to find this disease.

So dentistry is definitely connected to our health as our oral system is connected to our health. May be a visit to your dentist can reveal some serious diseases from which you are not aware of.



Pus on Tonsils : Tonsillitis Causes and Treatment

Pus on Tonsils

Pus on Tonsils is a common symptom of Tonsillitis. Its a common disease in children (3 to 12 year old). Tonsils are present in the back portion of our mouth, from where we swallow food and water. Pus on tonsils or swelling of tonsils can cause problems in swallowing food or breathing. It may also cause constant fever. The color of pus on tonsils may be yellow or white. Tonsillitis can occur due to some kind of bacterial or viral infections.

Tonsillitis

Usually tonsils help our body fight infections but sometimes they themselves get infected by some viral or
bacterial infection. Bacterial infection can be treated using antibiotics but viral infection is treated by body itself in 4 to 5 days. Symptoms of Tonsillitis may differ from person to person.

Some common symptoms of Tonsillitis are:


  • Sore Throat
  • Reddishness on tonsils or Back side of throat
  • Pus deposition on tonsils (White or Yellow)
  • Fever
  • Vomiting
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Difficulty in Breathing

Common Symptoms of Tonsillitis in Children


  • Bad breathing or snoring while sleeping
  • Pain in Abdomen
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Lack of Appetite

Treatment of Tonsillitis

If you feel that you are facing some sort of problem with your tonsils, then visit doctor for proper medication. Doctor might ask you to get some tests done to know if its cause due to bacterial infection or viral infection. Bacterial infection can be treated using some antibiotics but medicines have no effect on viral infection and its treated by our immune system itself. Usually it takes 4 to 5 days to treat tonsillitis. In some rare cases doctor might ask you to get your tonsils removed. But if you notice the problem on time and do proper treatment as per the advice of doctor then you might not need it. You can take the following precautionary measures to treat tonsils in earliest possible time.

  • Gargle with warm water at least three times a day
  • Drink Warm water
  • Eat some thing smooth with less or no spices.
  • You may take pain killers if you are feeling pain.
  • Get rest if you are feeling tired


Diabetes Insipidus Symptoms, Treatment, Home Remedies

Diabetes Insipidus (DI)

Diabetes Insipidus is different from Diabetes Mellitus. Diabetes Insipidus is not related to sugar level in your blood. Its related to functioning of your kidney. Diabetes Insipidus is a condition which causes frequent urination. Its just like you are drinking water and its coming out as urine. In Diabetes Insipidus urine is very diluted (almost water). Therefore the patient feels a lot of thirst. Sometimes it even disturbs the sleep as the sufferer need to get up for urination. In worst conditions it may cause bedwetting. Bedwetting is mostly caused by kids as they have less control over their urinary muscles.
Diabetes Insipidus is not a life threatening disease. So if your doctor diagnosed you about this disease than don't be in any tension.

Diabetes Insipidus is of four Types :
  1. Central Diabetes Insipidus: It occurs due to lack of anti-diuretic hormone (ADH). It may be caused by some abnormality in the pituitary gland or hypothalamus.
  2. Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus: When Kidneys don't respond or respond improperly to anti-diuretic hormone (ADH) then it can cause Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus.
  3. Gestational Diabetes Insipidus: This type of DI occurs during pregnancy. An enzyme made by the placenta destroys ADH in mother which results in Gestational Diabetes Insipidus. 
  4. Primary Polydipsia: This condition is also known as dipsogenic diabetes insipidus or psychogenic polydipsia. Its not caused due to ADH production. It occurs due due to excessive fluid intake. This situation arises to either some mental illness or due to some dame in thirst-regulating mechanism.

Diabetes Insipidus Symptoms

Diabetes Insipidus Symptoms in Adults:

  • Extreme thirst
  • Frequent and Diluted Urine.

Diabetes Insipidus Symptoms in Kids / Children:

  • Unusually Wet Diapers
  • Fever
  • Inconsolable Crying
  • Vomiting or Diarrhea
  • Weight loss
  • Dry Skin due to Dehydration 
  • Delayed growth

Diabetes Insipidus Treatment

There are different treatments for different types of Diabetes Insipidus. These different treatment are described below.
  • Central Diabetes Insipidus Treatment: A synthetic hormone called desmopressin is used to treat Central Diabetes Insipidus . Its available as a nasal spray, oral tablets and injection. 
  • Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus Treatment:  Low-salt diet can help in this condition as it reduces the amount of urine that your kidneys make. Hydrochlorothiazide is usually prescribed in this condition.
  • Gestational diabetes insipidus Treatment:  Its also treated with synthetic hormone desmopressin.
  • Primary Polydipsia Treatment:  There is no particular treatment for Primary Polydipsia. Best treatment for this form of diabetes insipidus is decreasing fluid intake.

Diabetes Insipidus Home Remedies

Diabetes Insipidus can be treated at home only during early stages. You can cure it by taking sufficient amount of water. But if you feel that your condition is severe then you must consult a doctor as soon as possible.

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