Showing posts with label Diseases. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Diseases. Show all posts

Cyclospora Infection Symptoms and Treatment

Cyclospora Infection

Cyclospora Infection occurs due to contaminated food or water. Its different from food poisoning as there are no immediate symptoms. Cyclospora Infection symptoms start to appear after 2 days of infection. In some cases it may last within few days, but if it continues for more than a week then you should must see a doctor. Parasites responsible for Cyclospora need a host to travel from one person to another. That medium may be contaminated food or water. It doesn't spread through air. So a little precaution while taking food with your friends or colleagues, and eating fresh food can prevent you from getting this parasite.

Cyclospora Infection Symptoms

Cyclospora Infection symptoms may take a few days to appear. In some people it may take even a week.
Some common symptoms of Cyclospora Infection include:
  • Loss of appetite
  • Watery diarrhea
  • explosive bowel movements
  • Weight Loss
  • Stomach Cramps
  • Vomiting
  • Low Fever
  • Fatigue

Cyclospora Infection Treatment

Before starting the treatment of Cyclospora Infection, you can can confirm it through a stool test. A person with healthy immune system will not need any medicines for treatment of Cyclospora Infection. Before taking a medicine you should must consult your doctor. Usually doctors prefer the following medication:
  • Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, available by the trade names Bactrim or Septra. 
  • If you have sulfa allergies, then doctor may recommend Cipro or Alinia.

Possible Prevention for Cyclospora Infection

  • Wash Fruits and Vegetables before cooking or eating them.
  • You may use a washing mix of  Vinegar and Water.
  • Avoid packed food, especially packed salad.

Diabetes Side Effects in Men and Women on Brain Eyes and Skin

Diabetes Side Effects in Men & Women

Diabetes is well known for its side effects. In this disease the patient not only need to take care of his/her diet but also take care of side-effects caused by diabetes. One major well known side effect is on fresh wounds, as it take a long time for clotting to happen. So major injuries can result in high blood loss. Here will tell you some other side effects of diabetes and precautions that you can use to get over them.

Diabetes Side Effects

  • In a diabetic person the sugar level might get low as well, so he/she should always keep some sugar product handy to eat (especially when they are out of your home).
  • It takes longer to heal an injury. In diabetic person both clotting and healing process are slowed down. It might be 2 to 10 times slower than normal person. The speed of healing process also depends on your sugar level. It better to keep a first aid kit and dressing material handy. Avoid injuries but still if something happens wrong then don't wait for blood to stop, instead use the dressing material to stop the blood flow.
  • Another side effect of diabetes is on eyesight . If at any point of time you feel blurred vision or continuous pain in your head then consult your doctor as it might be symptom of eyesight problem.
  • People who don't take care of their diet and medicines instead of being diabetic, might face a kidney failure in their life. This is the worst thing that a diabetic person might face. 

Don't get feared by all these side effects, as if you take a balanced diet suggested by your doctor and proper medication, then you can easily get over these side effects. The side effects discussed above are common in men and women. In next update we will discuss more about separate side effects of diabetes in men and women.

Heat Stroke Symptoms in Babies / Toddlers / Infants / Children

Heat Stroke is a serious medical problem, which is life threatening in babies and infants. In medical terms Heat Stroke is known as Hyperthermia. Hyperthermia is exactly opposite of Hypothermia. If you are a keen watcher of Discovery channel then you must be aware of Hypothermia. Hypothermia occurs due to intense cooling of body, while Hyperthermia occurs due to overheating of body.

Heat Stroke can occur if you are exposed to sunlight during summer or some other intense heated environment. It affects infants and babies more often than adult beings because temperature regulatory mechanism of babies is not as much efficient as adults. Heat Stroke starts when body is overheated and temperature regulatory system shut-down due to overheating of body. When body temperature rises over 104 F, several metabolic activities starts to shutdown, and temperature regulatory system is one of them.
Babies can't express their feelings and symptoms when they face Heat Stroke, so parents need to be extremely careful during summer. They should be kept away from direct sun-light during daytime. It can also start after continuous high temperature for few days or a sun burn. Primary indication of Heatstroke includes high temperature of body and no sweating. In this article will discuss some common symptoms of Heat Stroke.

Heat Stroke Symptoms in Babies / Toddlers / Infants / Children

Early Symptoms of Heat Stroke:
  • Young child may start showing signs of crankiness or fussiness.
  • Prickly Heat: A red cluster of pimples around the neck or upper chest.
  • Heat cramps on arms or legs.
  • Repetitive Behaviour: Repeatedly standing and sitting.

Serious Symptoms of Heat Stroke:
  • High Pulse Rate
  • Intense Thirst
  • Headache
  • Deep Yellow/ Orange Urine
  • Dizziness / Fainting
  • Pale colour skin
  • Vomiting
  • Temperature above 103 F (39.4 C) but no sweating
  • Restlessness
  • Confusion
  • Dizziness
  • Rapid, shallow breathing
  • Lethargy
  • Unconsciousness
Never leave your children inside a parked car, as it get heated up much faster. It is one of the most severe reasons of heatstroke. 

Sugar Level in Human Body - Minimum and Maximum Range

Sugar Level In Human Body

Diabetes is one of the most common diseases of modern times. Its percentage increases with age. During past years it used to occur in old age people, but now it is also found in children. Another common name of diabetes is Sugar as it is related to sugar level in human body

Here will discuss about Sugar Level in Human Body, Now a day’s people don’t care for their body as per requirement. They enjoy all kinds of food, and some of them are not good for better health. There should be some limit while eating such foods which contain high level of sugar. We should plan our diet according to a diet chart to manage right level of sugar level in our blood.
Insulin Resistance: The reason behind Diabetes
Usually our body can manage sugar level, even if we have high sugar diet occasionally. But if we have high sugar diet on regular basis, then our body lose control over sugar level with time. Pancreas secretes insulin to control sugar level in our blood stream.

Sugar Level in Human Body - Minimum and Maximum Range

Sugar Level in human body varies from time to time. It is lowest when we wake up in the morning. If we check our sugar level before having breakfast (i.e called Fasting Test) then sugar lever for different types of people will be as follows.

Sugar Level in Human Body (fasting)
  • Normal: 4.0 to 5.9 mmol/l (70 to 107 mg/dl)
  • Prediabetes: 6.0 to 6.9 mmol/l (108 to 126 mg/dl)
  • Diagnosis of diabetes: more than 6.9 mmol/l (126 mg/dl)

The Chart Below shows sugar level after having breakfast. Sugar level suddenly increases after having food but controlled in a normal person, but rises very high in prediabetic and diabetic person.

The chart above shows how sugar level is controlled in a normal person in an effective way. It always remains between 70 to 129 mg/dl. It never increases too much neither go too low. 
We hope that this information will help you and increase your knowledge about sugar level in human body.

Asthma Causes and Risk Factors in Adults

Asthma is one of the most famous respiratory diseases. Out of every six cases of asthma one is caused due to improper workplace environment. Here we will discuss a few risk factors about Asthma.

Asthma Causes and Risk Factors in Adults

  • If there is a history of Asthma in your blood relation then you might be at risk.

  • If you have a history of hay fever, then you are more prone to Asthma.

  • If you are overweight

  • If you are a smoker. It is not necessary to be a chain smoker to be a patient of Asthma.

  • Even passive smokers are likely to get asthma.

  • In some cases children also have high chances of asthma if their mother was a smoker during pregnancy.

  • Exposure to pollution is also a main reason behind asthma in the modern lifestyle of metropolitan cities.

  • Chemicals used in various beauty parlor products are sometimes found responsible for Asthma.

  • Low birth weight is also sometimes found a common symptom in children suffering from Asthma.

Apart for these risk factors there are a number of other factors responsible for Asthma. It is better to avoid as many of them as possible. Live a simple and healthy lifestyle is the best way to avoid this disease.

Tension Headache Symptoms Causes Relief and Treatment

Tension is not a problem in itself but it creates a lot of problem for our body. It’s a part of basic nature of a person. Some people get tense very easily while some don’t. Sometimes over sensitivity or hypersensitivity creates a problem for ourselves. Being sensitive is a good thing, but we should also have some control over our feelings.

Tension Headache

A number of people get headache due to tension. It is becoming a major problem in the modern lifestyle. Our brain is the most affected area during tension. Sometimes it is due to high blood pressure and sometimes due to stress. But both of them make negative impact and starts headache.

Tension Headache symptoms

  • Pain in head, mostly in the front part.

  • Feeling tightness in the forehead.

  • Loss of Appetite

Tension Headache Causes

Sometimes it’s some professional problem or some serious matter in the family and a lot of more things that can create tension, which leads to headache. But if we talk about medical science, it says that pain of tension headache is caused due to muscle contraction in the face, neck and scalp. However heightened emotions, tension or stress can also cause headache.

Tension Headache Relief and Treatment

  • Live an organized and planned life and don’t overreact to adverse situations.

  • If you are feeling stress and tension then just loosen your body and try to settle your emotions.

  • Share your feelings with someone. He/she might be a doctor, friend or relative.

  • Take deep breathes during stress and do yoga meditation on a regular basis.

  • Use some relaxation techniques like listening to music or reading books.

  • If still you need something more then you can try some medicines after consulting a doctor. Depending on the severity of headache doctor might suggest you aspirin, ibuprofen or naproxen.

Throat Infection Types, Causes, Home Remedies and Medicine

Throat infection, also known as Sore Throat is mostly caused due to a viral or bacterial infection. There are different types of throat infections and some of them are listed below.

Throat Infection Types

  • Pharyngitis

  • Laryngitis

  • Strep Throat

  • Tonsillitis

  • Quinsy

All of these types of throat infection will be discussed later.

Throat Infection Causes

Mostly it is caused due to a bacterial or viral infection but sometime it is triggered due to bad cough, smoke, fumes and dust.

Throat Infection Medicine

In the beginning you can take Paracetamol and ibuprofen to avoid fever and pain. But if it doesn’t help and fever reoccurs then consult a doctor as soon as possible.

Throat Infection Home Remedies

As soon as you notice the symptoms of sore throat, take some natural antibiotic and antiviral immune boosting food supplements. Examples of antiviral foods are Garlic, Apple and food rich in Vitamin C (such as lemon and Orange). Examples of Antibacterial foods are Garlic, Carrot, Cabbage, Lemon and Pineapple. Some more tips to recover as soon as possible are:

  • Gargling using Warm salty water

  • Avoid any type of smoke

Top 10 Brain Diseases List | Rare, Degenerative, Fatal and Incurable

Human Brain is one of the most complicated organs. Scientists are still researching to know its functions and the mechanism behind it. Brain controls the complete human body and regulates their functions. In a minor injury in the brain can result in serious effects. It’s not necessary for the injury to be external. Mostly internal injury of brain result into wrong functioning of brain.

There are a number of rare brain diseases which are fatal, degenerative and incurable in nature. We are providing a list of these diseases. We will provide more information about these diseases later on.

Top 10 Brain Diseases List

  • Astasia-Abasia

  • Anosognia

  • Broca's Aphasia

  • Palinopsia

  • Dysmimia or Amimia

  • Verbal Dysdecorum

  • Dysantigraphia

  • Amelodia

  • Anhedonia

  • Jargonaphasia

High Blood Pressure Symptoms in Young Men, Women, Children and Teenager

High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) is one of the most wide spread disease in the modern world. As we age the chances of getting this disease increases. Here we will discuss some common symptoms that can help us in diagnosing if we are getting near this health problem.

Mostly there are no clear warning but it should be noticed and treated at right time, otherwise it can be critical for some organs and also life threatening.

High Blood Pressure Symptoms in Young Men, Women, Children and Teenager

  • Severe and Regular Headache

  • Vision Problems (such as Blurred Vision)

  • Fatigue or confusion

  • Pain in Chest

  • Difficulty in breathing

  • Irregular heartbeat

  • Blood in the urine

  • Pounding in your chest, neck, or ears

  • Blood spots in the eyes

  • Nosebleeds higher than normal

These symptoms can occur in any age group of people whether they are young men, women, children or teenager regardless of their age. These symptoms should not be ignored and doctor should be consulted as soon as possible.

If these symptoms are ignored then they might lead to a heart attack or stroke.

Untreated hypertension can lead to serious diseases, including stroke, heart disease, kidney failure and eye problems. That’s why hypertension is known as “silent killer”.

Blood Pressure Disorders Medication Names Types and Side Effects

Blood Pressure Disorder Types:

There are 2 types of Blood Pressure Disorder Types: High and Low. High Blood Pressure is also known as Hypertension and Low Blood Pressure is known as Hypotension. These can be further categorized into different categories.

Types of Hypertension:

  • White coat hypertension

  • Isolated Systolic Hypertension

  • Malignant Hypertension

  • Primary hypertension

  • Secondary hypertension

  • Resistant Hypertension

  • Hypertension in the lungs

Types of Hypotension:

  • Postural Hypotension

  • Postprandial Hypotension

  • Neurally Mediated Hypotension (NMH)

Blood Pressure Medication and Medication Types

If you are suffering from High Blood Pressure Level 1( i.e BP ranging from 140/90 to 159/99 ), then your doctor might suggest you to use any of these medicines:

  • Diuretics (also known as water pills)

  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors

  • Angiotensin II receptor blockers

  • Beta blockers

  • Calcium channel blockers

  • Renin inhibitors

Low Blood Pressure (Hypotension) Medication:

  • Fludrocortisone for Orthostatic Hypotension

  • Midodrine (Orvaten, Proamatine) for Chronic Orthostatic Hypotension

Blood Pressure Medication Side Effects

All medicines have certain side effects but these side effects are different in different people, but if you are lucky you might have no side effect. No medicine is side-effect proof. But if you are feeling that certain medicine is causing some side effects, then you should discuss it with your doctor. Doctor might change it. Sometime over dose also cause some side effects. In some cases the medicines have no side effect but it reacts with some other medication that you are using for some other disease. So keep your doctor aware of all medicines that you are using.

Food Poisoning Symptoms Treatment Cure Recovery Remedies and Treatment

Food Poisoning

Food Poisoning is a problem that occurs due to consumption of contaminated food. Food may be contaminated due to some bacteria, virus, parasites or natural toxins.

Food Poisoning Symptoms:

  • Abdominal pain and/or cramping. Pain in stomach is the very first symptom.

  • Diarrhea: Sometimes even blood may come.

  • Nausea

  • Vomiting

  • Malaise: Patient feels a lot of uneasiness.

  • Fever may also occur.

Food Poisoning Cure and Treatment:

  • ORS should be used at regular interval to prevent dehydration.

  • Doctor should be consulted as soon as possible.

  • Absorbents and Antisecretory agents may be useful. But these should be used as per doctor’s advice.

  • If symptoms continue for 3 to 4 days then stool test should be done.

Food Poisoning Recovery:

In most of the cases its treated within 2 days, but patient may feel lack of energy in body for next few days.

Food Poisoning Home Remedies:

  • In you don’t have access to proper medication and doctor then acupressure might help. Press the middle part of soles and palms. It helps extracting the poisonous material out of body urine. Also take ORS to prevent dehydration.

  • Bananas can also help. They are rich in potassium and show good effects in food poisoning.

  • Apples can also be used as they reduce acid reflux.

  • Lemon is rich of acids that can kill most of the bacteria responsible for food poisoning.

  • Activated charcoal can be used to absorb unwanted gases and help in speedy recovery.

Diseases of the Nervous System | Symptoms, Precautions and Treatment

Diseases of the Nervous System are the most commonly searched diseases on internet. Nervous system is one of the most important systems of our body. It controls other systems of our body, which makes it one of the most important systems of our body. Our complete body is connected to our brain by nerves which are connected to brain. These nerves act as a medium to pass information from all body parts to brain. So even a minor disease in our nervous system, can cause a major disorder in our body. Here we are discussing some common nervous system diseases. We will also discuss some common precautions to prevent these diseases and their symptoms and treatment.

Basically nervous system diseases are of two types:

  1. Central Nervous System Diseases ( brain and spinal cord )

  2. peripheral nervous system diseases ( all other neural elements)

Some common nervous system diseases:

  • Brain Diseases

  • Spinal Cord Diseases

  • Headache

  • Movement Disorders

  • Low Vision Conditions

  • Paralysis

  • Neuromuscular Diseases

  • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

  • Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease

  • Friedreich's Ataxia

  • Fibromyalgia

  • Meningitis and Meningococcal Infections

  • Multiple Sclerosis : Read More

  • Nervous System Cancers

  • Poliomyelitis

  • Restless Legs Syndrome

  • Spina Bifida

Nervous System Diseases Prevention: Some nervous system diseases are caused by viruses which are unpreventable. But some diseases are causes due to inadequate lifestyle which are preventable. If we follow the following tips then we can avoid most of the nervous system diseases as well as some other diseases also.

  • Physical Exercise on regular basis

  • Living in a hygienic environment

  • Having quality diet (full of nutrients)

  • Living a tension free life

  • Giving some time to meditation

  • Avoiding alcohol and smoking

Hemorrhoids Treatment Surgery and Cure | Home Remedy| Home Treatment

Hemorrhoids are a common disease. About half of the adults face this problem once by reaching the age of 50 Years. This disease is also known by its common name “Piles”. It is caused due to inflamed veins in the lower Rectum or Anus. Mostly it can be treated by home remedies and treatment.

Hemorrhoids are of two types:

  • Internal Hemorrhoids: Caused in the veins inside the rectum which is not visible.

  • External Hemorrhoids: Caused around Anus and visible around it.

Hemorrhoids Causes:

  • It can occur due to tight bowel movements

  • Increased pressure on veins in the rectum during pregnancy

  • Sitting for long durations in the toilet

  • Constipation

  • Obesity

  • Anal Intercourse

  • Inheritance

Hemorrhoids Symptoms:

  • Painless Bleeding while passing Stools

  • Itching near Anus

  • Swelling and Lumps around Anus

  • Leakage of Feces

Hemorrhoids Treatment: In case of minimal symptoms your doctor can suggest over-the-counter creams, ointments, suppositories or pads. Don’t use this medication for longer durations as it can cause side effects. If the problem is bit more than doctor can remove the clot by a simple incision.

If the problem still persists then following procedures can be done:

  • Rubber band ligation

  • Sclerotherapy

  • Coagulation

Hemorrhoids Surgery:  If the problem is more severe then doctor might suggest surgery.  There are two types of surgeries:

  • Hemorrhoid Removal

  • Hemorrhoid Stapling

Hemorrhoids Cure:  Prevention is better than Cure, so will suggest you following things to prevent this disease:

  • Eat food that is rich in fiber

  • Drink plenty of water

  • Don’t put too much pressure while passing the stool.

  • Exercise regularly

  • Don’t stand or sit for long periods.

Hemorrhoids Home Remedy |Hemorrhoids Home Treatment:

  • Put your anal area in warm water for 10 minutes thrice daily

  • Keep your Anal Area Clean

  • Use moist or wet toilet-paper

  • Apply ice packs to relieve swelling

  • Take oral pain relievers

Migraine Headache, Attack, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment and Medicines

Migraine Headache: It is usually caused due to some brain chemicals and disorder between nervous system and vascular system.

Migraine Attack: It’s the extreme state of Migraine Headache in which nausea and vomiting occurs.

Migraine Symptoms :

Common Symptoms of Migraine Headache are:

  • Pain in Forehead around the eyes.

  • Or Pain in the back of Head

  • Usually pain is on one side of Head but in one-third cases it can happen on both sides.

  • Usually Migraine pain changes side from one attach to another

Common Symptoms of Migraine Attack are due to sympathetic nervous activity which causes :

  • Nausea

  • Vomiting

  • Diarrhea

  • No relief from Oral Medication (because food does not go from Stomach to small intestine and thus medicines are not absorbed by intestine).

  • Cold Hands and Feet (Due to decrease in the speed of blood circulation).

  • Blurred Vision

  • Sensitivity to light and sound

Migraine Causes:

  • Alcohol

  • Chocolate

  • Stress

  • Sleep Disturbances

  • Cigarette Smoking

  • Fasting

Migraine Treatment:  This disease should be diagnosed at an early stage to get better treatment. Apart from that one should follow these things to prevent Migraine Attacks:

  • Fixed Schedule for Sleeping

  • Regular Exercise

  • Avoid fasting

  • Avoid the food that triggers Migraine

  • Avoid bright and flashing light

Migraine Medicine: Triptans, Ergots, Midrin. Always consult a doctor before using these medicines.